• Oil spill emergency preparedness in the Russian Arctic : a study of the Murmansk region. 

      Ivanova, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The issue of oil spill emergency response in north-west Russia has become increasingly important following a substantial increase in maritime transport and major offshore developments in Russian waters. This study is an initial effort to outline the public and private agencies and organizations involved in handling oil spills in the Murmansk region and the structure of the oil spill emergency response ...
    • On RAM performance of production facilities operating under the Barents Sea harsh environmental conditions 

      Naseri, Masoud; Barabady, Javad (Peer reviewed, 2016-05-19)
      Oil and gas (O&G) industry is expanding its activities into Arctic offshore, where is characterised with severe operating conditions and less-developed infrastructure. Such conditions affect the reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) of offshore O&G plants, operations, and activities through different scenarios. Plant RAM analysis provides key information for decision-making on, for ...
    • Optimization of Pure-Component LNG Cascade Processes with Heat Integration 

      Eiksund, Oddmar; Brodal, Eivind; Jackson, Steven (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018-01-15)
      Liquefaction of natural gas is an energy-intensive process in which the energy efficiency depends on the number of compressors stages and the heat integration scheme. The aim of the study is to systematically evaluate process performance of pure component cascade processes, present optimized designs for all relevant numbers of compression stages and compare energy consumption between processes with ...
    • Optimization Study of Heat Pumps Using Refrigerant Blends – Ejector Versus Expansion Valve Systems 

      Brodal, Eivind; Eiksund, Oddmar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-19)
      This article investigates tap water heating systems to highlight an ongoing debate. Some report that CO2-based transcritical heat pumps with an ejector have the best coefficient of performance (COP), while others report that blend-based refrigerant systems (without an ejector) are better. In the literature, however, these systems are only compared with conventional heat pump designs, and not against ...
    • Overcoming Barriers to Proactive Response in Slow-onset Disasters 

      Staupe-Delgado, Reidar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
      Disasters differ markedly in their speed of manifestation, which in turn greatly affects how researchers as well as authorities interpret and respond to them. In theory, disasters with a gradual and creeping onset are easier to manage than sudden and unexpected ones. However, the unfortunate reality is that hazards with a slow-onset are often ignored, left smouldering in the background, while their ...
    • Oxidative stress in two tropical species after exposure to diesel oil 

      Sardi Sulvarán, Adriana Eva; Sandrini-Neto, Leonardo; da S. Pereira, Leticia; Silva de Assis, Helena; Martins, Cesar C.; Lana, Paulo Da Cunha; Camus, Lionel (Peer reviewed, 2016-08-03)
      Recent offshore petroleum exploration has increased the risks of oil spills worldwide. We investigated biomarker responses to diesel oil exposure in two tropical and subtropical species, the clam Anomalocardia flexuosa and the polychaete Laeonereis culveri. Animals were exposed to oil-spiked sediment at two different concentrations (0.5 L and 1.0 L m−2). Activities of antioxidant enzymes catalase ...
    • Performance of an Ultrasonic Imaging System Based on a 45-MHz Linear PVDF Transducer Array: A Numerical Study 

      Brodal, Eivind; Melandsø, Frank; Jacobsen, Svein Ketil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      New designs of high-resolution ultrasonic imaging systems that operate in the 30–100MHz region, for example, those based on linear transducer systems, are currently being investigated for medical purposes. Acoustic waves with frequencies in this range can detect microscopic structures in human tissue but will typically only penetrate a few mm because of large attenuation. However, this is sufficient ...
    • A practical guideline for human error assessment: A causal model 

      Ayele, Yonas Zewdu; Barabadi, Abbas (Peer reviewed; Konferansebidrag; Conference object, 2017-12-12)
      Abstract: To meet the availability target and reduce system downtime, effective maintenance have a great importance. However, maintenance performance is greatly affected in complex ways by human factors. Hence, to have an effective maintenance operation, these factors needs to be assessed and quantified. To avoid the inadequacies of traditional human error assessment (HEA) approaches, the application ...
    • Prediction of the long-term performance of green liquor dregs as a sealing layer to prevent the formation of acid mine drainage 

      Mäkitalo, Maria; Lu, Jinmei; Maurice, Christian; Öhlander, Björn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-08)
      One of the mining industry's main concerns is the management of waste rock and tailings generated by sulfide ore extraction. Upon exposure of atmospheric oxygen, iron sulfides oxidize generating acidity. Infiltrating water form a metal-rich acidic leachate called acid mine drainage (AMD), that can cause serious environmental problems. Green liquor dregs (GLD) is a material that resists the passage ...
    • Probability mapping of scarred myocardium using texture and intensity features in CMR images 

      Kotu, Lasya Priya; Engan, Kjersti; Skretting, Karl; Måløy, Frode; Ørn, Stein; Woie, Leik; Eftestøl, Trygve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The myocardium exhibits heterogeneous nature due to scarring after Myocardial Infarction (MI). In Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging, Late Gadolinium (LG) contrast agent enhances the intensity of scarred area in the myocardium. In this paper, we propose a probability mapping technique using Texture and Intensity features to describe heterogeneous nature of the scarred myocardium in Cardiac ...
    • Review of Peltier and Resistive Heating Elements through Infrared Imaging 

      Taimur, Madiha; Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016-12-08)
      The study includes the review of the heating elements to develop the fundamental understanding. The heating elements to be investigated are Peltier and Resistive types. Both have different working principles and they are used in various industrial applications for cooling and heating purposes. The Infrared (IR) wavelength is emitted by each object at a temperature above absolute zero. IR light is ...
    • Review of the phenomenon of fluidization and its numerical modelling techniques 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-24)
    • Review of the Phenomenon of Ice Shedding from Wind Turbine Blades 

      Xue, Hui; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-29)
      Wind power is a sustainable source of energy. However, there are certain challenges to be overcome. One of the operational challenges is the phenomenon of ice shedding. Icing happens on wind turbine blades in cold regions. When ice grows to a certain size, it separates from the wind turbine blades resulting in the phenomenon of ice shedding. This phenomenon is of significantly dangerous for equipment ...
    • Risikostyring i kommuner? 

      Nilsen, Aud Solveig (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    • Risk Assessment of Hazards Due to the Installation and Maintenance of Onshore Wind Turbines 

      Mustafa, Albara Mohamad Yazid Faisal; Mahadin, Aziz (Peer reviewed; Book; Chapter, 2018-06-11)
      In this work, an assessment of four types of risks is carried out for wind turbines during four phases, namely: transportation, installation, operation and maintenance. This work mainly focuses on onshore type of wind turbines and briefly mentioning the offshore wind turbines. The introduction gives an overview of the main parts and components of wind turbine, in addition to discussing the process ...
    • Risk governance - a more procedural view 

      Nilsen, Aud Solveig (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2014)
    • Risk management and governance - a more procedural view 

      Nilsen, Aud Solveig (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2001)
    • Selection of a high performance alloy for gas turbine blade using multiphysics analysis 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-04-03)
      With the extensive increase in the utilization of energy resources in the modern era, the need of energy extraction from various resources has pronounced in recent years. Thus comprehensive efforts have been made around the globe in the technological development of turbo machines where means of energy extraction is energized fluids. This development led the aviation industry to power boost due to ...
    • Ship Performance and Navigation Data Compression and Communication under Autoencoder System Architecture 

      Perera, Lokukaluge Prasad; Mo, Brage (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-21)
      Modern vessels are designed to collect, store and communicate large quantities of ship performance and navigation information through complex onboard data handling processes. That data should be transferred to shore based data centers for further analysis and storage. However, the associated transfer cost in large-scale data sets is a major challenge for the shipping industry, today. The same cost ...
    • Ship speed power performance under relative wind profiles in relation to sensor fault detection 

      Perera, Lokukaluge Prasad; Mo, Brage (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-19)
      Statistical Data analysis and visualization approaches to identify ship speed power performance under relative wind (i.e. apparent wind) profiles are considered in this study. Ship performance and navigation data of a selected vessel are analyzed, where various data anomalies, i.e. sensor related erroneous data conditions, are identified. Those erroneous data conditions are investigated and several ...