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dc.contributor.authorSørum, Vidar
dc.contributor.authorØynes, Emma Lu
dc.contributor.authorSollied Møller, Anna
dc.contributor.authorHarms, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorSamuelsen, Ørjan
dc.contributor.authorPodnecky, Nicole L.
dc.contributor.authorJohnsen, Pål Jarle
dc.description.abstractABSTRACT Collateral sensitivity and resistance occur when resistance development toward one antimicrobial either potentiates or deteriorates the effect of others. Previous reports on collateral effects on susceptibility focus on newly acquired resistance determinants and propose that novel treatment guidelines informed by collateral networks may reduce the evolution, selection, and spread of antimicrobial resistance. In this study, we investigate the evolutionary stability of collateral networks in five ciprofloxacin-resistant, clinical Escherichia coli strains. After 300 generations of experimental evolution without antimicrobials, we show complete fitness restoration in four of five genetic backgrounds and demonstrate evolutionary instability in collateral networks of newly acquired resistance determinants. We show that compensatory mutations reducing efflux expression are the main drivers destabilizing initial collateral networks and identify rpoS as a putative target for compensatory evolution. Our results add another layer of complexity to future predictions and clinical application of collateral networks.<p> <p>IMPORTANCE Antimicrobial resistance occurs due to genetic alterations that affect different processes in bacteria. Thus, developing resistance toward one antimicrobial drug may also alter the response toward others (collateral effects). Understanding the mechanisms of such collateral effects may provide clinicians with a framework for informed antimicrobial treatment strategies, limiting the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. However, for clinical implementation, it is important that the collateral effects of resistance development are repeatable and temporarily stable. Here, we show that collateral effects caused by resistance development toward ciprofloxacin in clinical Escherichia coli strains are not temporarily stable because of compensatory mutations restoring the fitness burden of the initial resistance mutations. Consequently, this instability is complicating the general applicability and clinical implementation of collateral effects into treatment strategies.en_US
dc.identifier.citationSørum, Øynes, Sollied Møller, Harms, Samuelsen, Podnecky, Johnsen. Evolutionary Instability of Collateral Susceptibility Networks in Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Clinical Escherichia coli Strains. mBio. 2022;13(4)en_US
dc.identifier.cristinIDFRIDAID 2059142
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Microbiologyen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 The Author(s)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)en_US
dc.titleEvolutionary Instability of Collateral Susceptibility Networks in Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Clinical Escherichia coli Strainsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)