European student wellness, stress, coping, support and perceptions about remote dental training during COVID-19
AuthorAleksejuniene, Jolanta; Hysi, Dorjan; Nikolovovska, Julijana; Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Lina; Chałas, Renata; Oancea, Roxana; Richardas, Kubilius; Lipski, Mariusz; Sarna-Boś, Katarzyna; Puriene, Alina
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare wellness, stress, ability to cope, social support and perceptions about remote training amongst European dental students during COVID-19.
Methods: 1795 undergraduate dental students from six countries and eight dental schools participated. The anonymous survey collected data about different aspects in each of the following domains: wellness, stress, ability to cope, social support and perceptions about remote training. Complex multi-item scales were used for all domains.
Results: There were differences amongst countries in all the domains. Overall, student stress scores were lower than either their coping or support scores. The highest wellness score (mean ±sd) was observed in Romania: 62.5% ± 11.2% whilst the highest mean stress scores were observed in Albania: 46.3% ± 11.7% and Lithuania: 42.2% ± 13.8%. Overall, student stress and coping ability scores were lower and their support scores higher. About 10% of students did not have any support. In the linear multivariable regression analysis, significant predictors of wellness were being female (β = 0.073), not being in a graduating year (β = 0.059), having less stress (β = 0.222), ability to cope (β = 0.223) and having support (β = 0.179). The student positive perceptions about remote training were predicted by less stress (β = 0.080), coping (β = 0.182) and support (β = 0.057).
Conclusions: Students varied in wellness, stress, coping, social support and perceptions of remote training. Also, there were significant differences amongst students from different countries. Coping was the best predictor of both student wellness and their positive perceptions about remote training.