Effects of exogenous hydrogen sulfide administration on cardiac function and reactive oxygen species production : a study in hearts from normal rats and rats with heart hypertrophy or ischemia
ForfatterPaunas, Teodora Ioana
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Infarct size can be limited by interventions used after the ischemic event like the use of thrombolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Paradoxically, however, the return of blood flow can also result in additional cardiac damage and complications, referred to as reperfusion injury. It has been shown that reperfusion injuries can be decreased by postconditioning- rapid intermittent interruptions of blood flow in the early phase of reperfusion, or post-treatment using various drug therapies which applied during reperfusion can reduce infarct size. H2S, a gas that is synthesized in mammalian tissue, has been reported to be cardioprotective during ischemia-reperfusion injury. The means by which H2S is cardioprotective during I/R are believed to be: the opening of the sarcolemmal KATP channel, the generation of antiapoptotic effects inside the cells as well as a direct antioxidant effect. Low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly produce within cells and play important roles in cell signaling, cellular homeostasis, differentiation and apoptosis. However an excessive increase in the level of ROS can be harmful and has been proposed to play crucial roles or contribute in the development of various diseases. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of H2S in an acute ischemia-reperfusion model and to determine whether exogenous administration of H2S in both healthy rats and rats exposed to experimental models of cardiac disease influenced the production of ROS. In order to do this we established a method trough which we were able to measure the presence of ROS in heart tissue samples harvested from normal rats and rats with heart hypertrophy and ischemic heart disease.
ForlagUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
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