Now showing items 41-60 of 5507

    • Activity of short lytic anticancer peptides against human head and neck cancer cells in vitro 

      Eike, Liv-Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-06-05)
      Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (head and neck cancer) accounts for over 95% of all cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx [1] and it is the 6th most common cancer disease worldwide. It is the cause of 550 000 cancer deaths annually, the majority of these in the lesser developed world. [2] Treatment options are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. [1] There ...
    • Activity related pain in patients with musculoskeletal disorders : an explorative study 

      Damsgård, Elin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-02-26)
      Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a common health problem and a major cause for disability pension in Norway. Increased pain and fear related to general activity and exercise may be a barrier to rehabilitation of patients with chronic muscular-skeletal disorders. <br>The aim of the present research was to investigate the occurrence of activity related pain, and to explore its association with fear, ...
    • Activity-related pain in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders 

      Damsgård, Elin; Thrane, Gyrd; Anke, Audny; Fors, Terese; Røe, Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Purpose. Activity related pain may be a barrier to rehabilitation in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders. This study investigated patients’ reports of increased pain during activity, and the association between such pain and psychological factors and pain variables. Method. Questionnaires from 232 adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain measured pain intensity, spread of pain and ...
    • The ACUFLASH study. Acupuncture treatment for postmenopausal hot flashes : can traditional Chinese acupuncture in addition to self-care reduce hot flash frequency and intensity, compared with self-care alone? 

      Borud, Einar Kristian (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-04-16)
      Introduction. Hot flashes and night sweats are the most prevalent symptoms in menopause. Hormone therapy with oestrogen is considered the most effective treatment. However, recent research show that long term use of oestrogen increases the risk of serious adverse effects, and women and their health care providers are looking for alternatives. Acupuncture is one of the most frequently used complementary ...
    • Acupoint Stimulation for Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials 

      Cao, Huijuan; Li, Xun; Han, Mei; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background. Acupoint stimulation is popular for treatment of fibromyalgia though there is lack of comprehensive evaluation of current clinical evidence for its effect and safety. Objective. To systematically review the beneficial effects and safety of acupoint stimulation for fibromyalgia. Methods. We searched six electronic databases for randomized trials on acupoint stimulation for treatment ...
    • Acupuncture Adverse Events in China: A Glimpse of Historical and Contextual Aspects 

      Birch, Stephen; Alræk, Terje; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The article by He and colleagues, ‘‘Adverse Events Following Acupuncture: A Systematic Review of the Chinese Literature for the Years 1956–2010’’ is an important and timely contribution. In this commentary, the article is reviewed and issues are highlighted about how to interpret and contextualize the results of their study. While their review has been well performed, certain areas have been ...
    • Acupuncture for postoperative morbidities in children, and placebo by proxy 

      Liodden, Ingrid (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2016-04-29)
      Acupuncture may be beneficial for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in children and is associated with minor adverse events. The two RCTs in this dissertation investigated the effects of acupuncture by means of a pragmatic randomised controlled trial design. Placebo effects are affected by patient expectancy towards the treatment. The present survey explored the placebo effects ...
    • Acupuncture for the Treatment of Pain – A Mega-Placebo? 

      Musial, Frauke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-17)
      Several control conditions, such as penetrating sham acupuncture and non-penetrating placebo needles, have been used in clinical trials on acupuncture effects in chronic pain syndromes. All these control conditions are surprisingly effective with regard to their analgesic properties. These findings have fostered a discussion as to whether acupuncture is merely a placebo. Meta-analyses on the clinical ...
    • The acupuncture on hot flashes among menopausal women (ACUFLASH) study : observational follow up results at six and 12 months 

      Borud, Einar Kristian; White, Adrian; Alræk, Terje; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-03)
      Objective: The previously published ACUFLASH study compared the effectiveness of individualized acupuncture treatment plus self-care versus self-care alone on hot flashes and health-related quality of life in postmenopausal women. This paper reports on the observational follow-up results at six and 12 months. <br>Methods: The ACUFLASH study was a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, controlled ...
    • Acupuncture treatment for depression : an overview of systematic reviews 

      Stub, Trine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-06-15)
      Background:For more than 2000 years acupuncture has been used to treat depression and randomized controlled trials (RCT) have been conducted to investigate their efficacy.Objectives: The objectives of this overview is to assess the effects and adverse effects of acupuncture in patients with depression, and to evaluate the report quality of acupuncture treatment for depression in randomized controlled ...
    • Acupuncture versus usual care for postoperative nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy: a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blinded, randomized trial 

      Liodden, Ingrid Elisabeth; Sandvik, Leiv; Valeberg, Berit Taraldsen; Borud, Einar Kristian; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-13)
      Objectives. To investigate the effect of a standardised acupuncture on nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy when possible placebo effects were precluded. Methods. A pragmatic, multicentre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted over 10 months in 2012–2013 at three ambulatory clinics. Two hundred and eighty-two children, ...
    • Acute heart failure following myocardial infarction: complement activation correlates with the severity of heart failure in patients developing cardiogenic shock 

      Orrem, Hilde L.; Nilsson, Per H.; Pischke, Søren Erik; Grindheim, Guro; Garred, Peter; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Husebye, Trygve; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Andersen, Geir Ø.; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-09)
      Aims: Heart failure (HF) is an impending complication to myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that the degree of complement activation reflects severity of HF following acute myocardial infarction. <br> <br> Methods and results: The LEAF trial (LEvosimendan in Acute heart Failure following myocardial infarction) evaluating 61 patients developing HF within 48 h after percutaneous coronary ...
    • Acute heart failure syndromes : treatment, outcomes and pathophysiological aspects of inflammation and vascular function 

      Hermansen, Stig Eggen (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2012-11-01)
      Akutt hjertesvikt, spesielt ved sirkulatorisk kollaps, er en dramatisk tilstand med høy dødelighet. Forekomsten av akutt hjertesvikt er økende og tilgjengelig kunnskap om sykdomsmekanismene samt medisinsk behandling er begrenset.De siste tiår har det vært en revolusjonerende utvikling i behandlingen av og overlevelsen ved iskemisk hjertesykdom og akutt hjerteinfarkt. Tilsvarende utvikling har det ...
    • Acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol consumption and differentiated thyroid cancer: T-CALOS Korea 

      Hwang, Yunji; Lee, Kyu Eun; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Park, Young Joo; Chai, Young Jun; Kwon, Hyungju; Park, Do Joon; Cho, BeLong; Choi, Ho-Chun; Kang, Daehee; Park, Sue K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-17)
      Background:<br> This study evaluated the effects of acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol and exposure patterns on the development of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).<br> Methods:<br> The Thyroid Cancer Longitudinal Study (T-CALOS) included 2,258 DTC patients (449 men and 1,809 women) and 22,580 healthy participants (4,490 men and 18,090 women) who were individually ...
    • Acute infection as a trigger for incident venous thromboembolism: Results from a population- based case- crossover study 

      Grimnes, Gro; Isaksen, Trond; Tichelaar, Ynse Ieuwe Gerardus Vladimir; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-21)
      Background:<br> A bidirectional relation exists between acute infection and immobilization, and both are triggers for venous thromboembolism (VTE). To what extent the association between infection and VTE‐risk is explained by immobilization is unknown. <br>Aims:<br> To investigate the impact of hospitalization with acute infection on the VTE‐risk in patients with and without concomitant ...
    • The acute phase of experimental cardiogenic shock is counteracted by microcirculatory and mitochondrial adaptations 

      Stenberg, Thor Allan; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Sanden, Espen; How, Ole-Jakob; Hagve, Martin; Ytrehus, Kirsti; Larsen, Terje; Myrmel, Truls (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Acute psychiatric admissions from an out-of-hours Casualty Clinic. How do referring doctors and admitting specialists agree? 

      Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Giæver, Anton; Hansen, Vidje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-03-29)
      Background: Over the last decades there has been an increasing pressure on the acute psychiatric wards in Norway. The major contributor to psychiatric acute admissions at the University Hospital of North Norway in the city of Tromsø in 2001 was the GP-based Tromsø Casualty Clinic, only open out-of-hours. We explored all acute psychiatric referrals from Tromsø Casualty Clinic in 2001. The purpose ...
    • An Acylation-Finkelstein Approach to Radioiodination of Bioactives: The Role of Amide Group Anchimeric Assistance 

      Fjellaksel, Richard; Dugalic, Damir; Demissie, Taye Beyene; Riss, Patrick; Hjelstuen, Ole Kristian; Sundset, Rune; Hansen, Jørn H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-28)
      Herein, we report a straightforward sequential acylation‐Finkelstein approach to achieve iodination of amine containing bioactives. The utility was demonstrated by successful radiolabelling with <sup>123</sup>I in high radiochemical yield. Moreover, microwave‐assisted Finkelstein reaction can be employed to enhance conversion and reaction rates to obtain the desired iodides. The method is of interest ...
    • Adherence and factors affecting satisfaction in long-term telerehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a mixed methods study 

      Hoaas, Hanne; Andreassen, Hege K; Lien, Linda Aarøen; Hjalmarsen, Audhild; Zanaboni, Paolo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-25)
      <i>Background</i>: Telemedicine may increase accessibility to pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), thus enhancing long-term exercise maintenance. We aimed to explore COPD patients’ adherence and experiences in long-term telerehabilitation to understand factors affecting satisfaction and potential for service improvements.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: A two-year pilot ...
    • Adherence to Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy in Maun, Botswana. A study of 62 patients 

      Rolfsen, Thomas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2003)