Compositional differences in soybeans on the market: glyphosate accumulates in Roundup Ready GM soybeans
This article describes the nutrient and elemental composition, including residues of herbicides and pesticides, of 31 soybean batches from Iowa, USA. The soy samples were grouped into three different categories: (i) genetically modified, glyphosate-tolerant soy (GM-soy); (ii) unmodified soy cultivated using a conventional ‘‘chemical’’ cultivation regime; and (iii) unmodified soy cultivated using an organic cultivation regime. Organic soybeans showed the healthiest nutritional profile with more sugars, such as glucose, fructose, sucrose and maltose, significantly more total protein, zinc and less fibre than both conventional and GM-soy. Organic soybeans also contained less total saturated fat and total omega-6 fatty acids than both conventional and GM-soy. GM-soy contained high residues of glyphosate and AMPA (mean 3.3 and 5.7 mg/kg, respectively). Conventional and organic soybean batches contained none of these agrochemicals. Using 35 different nutritional and elemental variables to characterise each soy sample, we were able to discriminate GM, conventional and organic soybeans without exception, demonstrating ‘‘substantial non-equivalence’’ in compositional characteristics for ‘ready-to-market’ soybeans.
This article is part of Marek Cuhra's doctoral thesis which is available in Munin at http://hdl.handle.net/10037/7869
CitationFood Chemistry 153(2014) s. 207-215
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Karlsen, Kine Mari (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2011-08-26)The purpose of this thesis was to study granularity and its importance for traceability in seafood supply chains. The following hypothesis was applied in this thesis: The implementation of traceability of seafood is affected by the granularity level of the traceable units. Three sub-tasks were carried out to test the hypothesis: 1) identify critical traceability points (CTPs) of seafood products, ...
The management of lobster in coastal Skagerrak : recreational fisheries, unreported commercial catches andmarine protected areas Kleiven, Alf Ring (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-09-30)The implementation of four experimental lobster reserves in Norway in 2006 highlighted a set of important questions regarding lobster management. This thesis presents a study on the management and fishery of the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in Skagerrak. Firstly, the implementation process of the lobster reserves was analysed. It revealed that local stakeholders, such as recreational fishers, ...
Live-storage of wild mature cod (Gadus morhua L.) without feed supply. Effects on biological and quality properties Ageeva, Tatiana N. (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-09-28)The overall aim of this work was to obtain better understanding of how live-storage without feeding affects wild mature Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) and quality of products obtained from such cod. Atlantic cod were live-stored without feeding for 82 days. First, gender-specific weight changes in both whole and gutted fish, as well as certain organs were studied (Paper I). Next, the effects of feed ...