Recent additions

  • Hunting for Hide. Investigating an Other-Than-Food Relationship Between Stone Age Hunters and Wild Animals in Northern Europe 

    Skandfer, Marianne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-18)
    In archaeological hunter-gatherer research, animals are primarily seen as food. Alternatively, they are proposed to serve as symbols and devices for social structuring of human societies. A growing body of literature in humanities and social sciences now looks into the role of animals as social and sentient co-beings. It is becoming increasingly clear that the roles of animals as other-than-food ...
  • Brachiopod and mollusc biomineralisation is a conserved process that was lost in the phoronid–bryozoan stem lineage 

    Vikberg Wernström, Joel; Gasiorowski, Ludwik; Hejnol, Andreas Helmut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-19)
    <p><b> Background</b> Brachiopods and molluscs are lophotrochozoans with hard external shells which are often believed to have evolved convergently. While palaeontological data indicate that both groups are descended from biomineralising Cambrian ancestors, the closest relatives of brachiopods, phoronids and bryozoans, are mineralised to a much lower extent and are comparatively poorly represented ...
  • A comprehensive framework for analysis of microRNA sequencing data in metastatic colorectal cancer 

    Høye, Eirik; Fromm, Bastian; Böttger, Paul H.M.; Domanska, Diana; Kristensen, Annette Torgunrud; Lund-Andersen, Christin; Abrahamsen, Torveig Weum; Fretland, Åsmund Avdem; Dagenborg, Vegar Johansen; Lorenz, Susanne; Edwin, Bjørn von Gohren; Hovig, Eivind; Flatmark, Kjersti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-14)
    Although microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to all hallmarks of cancer, miRNA dysregulation in metastasis remains poorly understood. The aim of this work was to reliably identify miRNAs associated with metastatic progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) using novel and previously published nextgeneration sequencing (NGS) datasets generated from 268 samples of primary (pCRC) and metastatic CRC (mCRC; ...
  • Evolutionary consequences of genomic deletions and insertions in the woolly mammoth genome 

    van der Valk, Tom; Dehasque, Marianne; Chacón-Duque, J. Camilo; Oskolkov, Nikolay; Vartanyan, Sergey; Heintzman, Peter D.; Pečnerová, Patrícia; Díez-del-Molino, David; Dalén, Love (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-01)
    Woolly mammoths had a set of adaptations that enabled them to thrive in the Arctic environment. Many mammoth-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) responsible for unique mammoth traits have been previously identified from ancient genomes. However, a multitude of other genetic variants likely contributed to woolly mammoth evolution. In this study, we sequenced two woolly mammoth genomes and ...
  • Larix species range dynamics in Siberia since the Last Glacial captured from sedimentary ancient DNA 

    Schulte, Luise; Meucci, Stefano; Stoof-Leichsenring, Kathleen R.; Heitkam, Tony; Schmidt, Nicola; von Hippel, Barbara; Andreev, Andrei A.; Diekmann, Bernhard; Biskaborn, Boris K.; Wagner, Bernd; Melles, Martin; Pestryakova, Lyudmila A.; Alsos, Inger Greve; Clarke, Charlotte; Krutovsky, Konstantin V.; Herzschuh, Ulrike (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-09)
    Climate change is expected to cause major shifts in boreal forests which are in vast areas of Siberia dominated by two species of the deciduous needle tree larch (Larix). The species differ markedly in their ecosystem functions, thus shifts in their respective ranges are of global relevance. However, drivers of species distribution are not well understood, in part because paleoecological data ...
  • Towards a Jōmon food database: construction, analysis and implications for Hokkaido and the Ryukyu Islands, Japan 

    Komatsu, Aya; Cooper, Elisabeth; Alsos, Inger Greve; Brown, Antony (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-27)
    One of the most entrenched binary oppositions in archaeology and anthropology has been the agriculturalist vs hunter-gatherer-fisher dichotomy fuelling a debate that this paper tackles from the bottom-up by seeking to reconstruct full past diets. The Japanese prehistoric Jōmon cultures survived without fully-developed agriculture for more than 10,000 years. Here we compile a comprehensive, holistic ...
  • Resident bird species track inter-annual variation in spring phenology better than long-distance migrants in a subalpine habitat 

    Søraker, Jørgen Skavdal; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Kleven, Oddmund; Moksnes, Arne; Rudolfsen, Geir; Skjærvø, Gine Roll; Vaagland, Henriette; Røskaft, Eivin; Ranke, Peter Sjolte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-11)
    The ability to track variation in climate is important for species to persist in a given environment. Lack of responses to both long-term changes and inter-annual variation in climate parameters can result in reduced fitness and population decline. Furthermore, migration strategy can influence the ability to track climatic variation due to the potential to use reliable environmental cues. Here, ...
  • Nation-building and colonialism: The early Skolt Sami research of Väinö Tanner 

    Nyyssönen, Jukka (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2022-01-01)
    In 1929, the geologist Väinö Tanner (1881–1948) published an extensive study in human geography on the economic and social adaptation of the Skolt Sami. Tanner aimed at an understanding and respectful approach, and today he enjoys the reputation of a culturally sensitive scholar: one who tried to see the Skolt Sami culture from within, and who wrote against the most aggressive discourses of his time. ...
  • Postglacial species arrival and diversity buildup of northern ecosystems took millennia 

    Alsos, Inger Greve; Rijal, Dilli Prasad; Ehrich, Dorothee; Karger, Dirk Nikolaus; Yoccoz, Nigel; Heintzman, Peter D.; Brown, Antony; Lammers, Youri; Pellissier, Loïc; Alm, Torbjørn; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Coissac, Eric; Merkel, Marie Føreid; Alberti, Adriana; Denoeud, France; Bakke, Jostein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-28)
    What drives ecosystem buildup, diversity, and stability? We assess species arrival and ecosystem changes across 16 millennia by combining regional-scale plant sedimentary ancient DNA from Fennoscandia with near-complete DNA and trait databases. We show that postglacial arrival time varies within and between plant growth forms. Further, arrival times were mainly predicted by adaptation to temperature, ...
  • Rare earth elements and neodymium and strontium isotopic constraints on provenance switch and post-depositional alteration of fossiliferous Ediacaran and lowermost Cambrian strata from Arctic Norway. 

    Meinhold, Guido; Willbold, Matthias; Karius, Volker; Jensen, Sören; Agić, Heda; Ebbestad, Jan Ove R.; Palacios, Teodoro; Högström, Anette; Høyberget, Magne; Taylor, Wendy L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-16)
    The Digermulen Peninsula in northeastern Finnmark, Arctic Norway, comprises one of the most complete Ediacaran–Cambrian transitions worldwide with a nearly continuous record of micro- and macrofossils from the interval of the diversification of complex life. Here, we report on the provenance and post-depositional alteration of argillaceous mudstones from the Digermulen Peninsula using rare earth ...
  • Markus Fjellström Food Cultures in Sápmi: An interdisciplinary approach to the study of the heterogeneous cultural landscape of northern Fennoscandia AD 600–1900 

    Skandfer, Marianne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-09)
    Markus Fjellström has presented a substantial doctoral work in scientific archaeology, comprising six articles and an 80-page synthesis. The papers were published between 2015 and 2021. For the first time on such a large and systematic scale, these papers and thesis bring together specialists in Sámi and scientific/laborative archaeology to address the early history of the Sámi. The papers are ...
  • Multicolony tracking reveals the winter distribution of a pelagic seabird on an ocean basin scale 

    Frederiksen, Morten; Moe, Børge; Daunt, Francis; Phillips, Richard A.; Barrett, Robert; Bogdanova, Maria I; Boulinier, Thierry; Chardine, John W; Chastel, Olivier; Chivers, Lorraine S; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Clémet-Chastel, Céline; Colhoun, Kendrew; Freeman, Robin; Gaston, Anthony J; González-Solís, Jacob; Goutte, Aurélie; Grémillet, David; Guilford, Tim; Jensen, Gitte H; Krasnov, Yuri V.; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Mallory, Mark L; Newell, Mark; Olsen, Bergur; Shaw, Deryk; Steen, Harald; Strøm, H.; Systad, Geir Helge; Thórarinsson, Thorkell L; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-11-26)
    Aim An understanding of the non-breeding distribution and ecology of migratory species is necessary for successful conservation. Many seabirds spend the nonbreeding season far from land, and information on their distribution during this time is very limited. The black-legged kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla, is a widespread and numerous seabird in the North Atlantic and Pacific, but breeding ...
  • DNA Metabarcoding of Preservative Ethanol Reveals Changes in Invertebrate Community Composition Following Rotenone Treatment 

    Kjærstad, Gaute; Majaneva, Markus; Falahati-Anbaran, Mohsen; Topstad, Lasse; Finstad, Anders Gravbrøt; Arnekleiv, Jo Vegar; Ekrem, Torbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-01)
    The botanical compound rotenone is extensively used to eradicate populations and reduce the negative impacts of freshwater invasive animals. The method is controversial as non-target organisms often are negatively affected, but these effects are highly variable among taxa and may be difficult to monitor on species-level as many invertebrates are challenging or costly to identify using morphology. ...
  • An Update and Errata for the Catalog of the Biting Midges of the World (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) 

    Borkent, Art; Dominiak, Patrycja; Díaz, Florentina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-24)
    A list of corrections as well as the addition of new taxa described since Borkent & Dominiak (2020) published a catalog of the Ceratopogonidae of the world is provided. We record a further 70 extant and 7 fossil species and 2 new fossil genera. Beyond the summary provided by Borkent & Dominiak (2020, Table 1), the family now includes 6276 extant and 303 fossil species and 23 fossil genera. The ...
  • Population status, breeding biology and diet of Norwegian Great Cormorants 

    Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Barrett, Robert; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-01)
    Two subspecies of the Great Cormorant breed in Norway, the continental Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis in the south, along the Skagerrak coast, and the marine P. c. carbo from central Norway and northwards. Here we review the information existing until 2017 on population status and trends, breeding performance and diet of these two subspecies in Norway. The most recent national population estimates are ...
  • Genotyping-in-Thousands by sequencing panel development and application for high-resolution monitoring of introgressive hybridization within sockeye salmon 

    Chang, Sarah L.; Ward, Hillary G. M.; Elliott, Lucas Dane; Russello, Michael A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-02)
    Stocking programs have been widely implemented to re-establish extirpated fsh species to their historical ranges; when employed in species with complex life histories, such management activities should include careful consideration of resulting hybridization dynamics with resident stocks and corresponding outcomes on recovery initiatives. Genetic monitoring can be instrumental for quantifying ...
  • Current State of DNA Barcoding of Sciaroidea (Diptera)— Highlighting the Need to Build the Reference Library 

    Kjærandsen, Jostein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-20)
    first_page settings Open AccessReview Current State of DNA Barcoding of Sciaroidea (Diptera)—Highlighting the Need to Build the Reference Library by Jostein Kjærandsen [ORCID] The Arctic University Museum of Norway, UiT—The Arctic University of Norway, P.O. Box 6050 Langnes, NO-9037 Tromsø, Norway Academic Editor: Muhammad Ashfaq Insects 2022, 13(2), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects130 ...
  • MicroRNAs as Indicators into the Causes and Consequences of Whole-Genome Duplication Events 

    Peterson, Kevin; Beavan, Alan; Chabot, Peter J; McPeek, Mark A; Pisani, Davide; Fromm, Bastian; Simakov, Oleg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-03)
    Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) have long been considered the causal mechanism underlying dramatic increases to morphological complexity due to the neo-functionalization of paralogs generated during these events. Nonetheless, an alternative hypothesis suggests that behind the retention of most paralogs is not neo-functionalization, but instead the degree of the inter-connectivity of the intended ...
  • Life before Stonehenge: The hunter-gatherer occupation and environment of Blick Mead revealed by sedaDNA, pollen and spores 

    Hudson, Samuel M.; Pears, Ben; Jacques, David; Fonville, Thierry; Hughes, Paul; Alsos, Inger Greve; Snape, Lisa; Lang, Andreas; Brown, Antony (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-27)
    The Neolithic and Bronze Age construction and habitation of the Stonehenge Landscape has been extensively explored in previous research. However, little is known about the scale of pre-Neolithic activity and the extent to which the later monumental complex occupied an ‘empty’ landscape. There has been a long-running debate as to whether the monumental archaeology of Stonehenge was created in an ...

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