Effects of Age and Sex on Estimated Diabetes Prevalence Using Different Diagnostic Criteria: The Tromso OGTT Study
AuthorHutchinson, Moira Strand; Joakimsen, Ragnar Martin; Njølstad, Inger; Schirmer, Henrik; Figenschau, Yngve Anton; Svartberg, Johan; Jorde, Rolf
Hb 6.5% has recently been recommended as an alternative diagnostic criterion for diabetes. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effects of age, sex, and other factors on prevalence of diabetes and to compare risk profiles of subjects with diabetes when defined by Hb and glucose criteria. Subjects were recruited among participants in the longitudinal population-based Tromsø Study. Hb , fasting plasma glucose, and 2-hour plasma glucose were measured in 3,476 subjects. In total, 294 subjects met one or more of the diagnostic criteria for diabetes; 95 met the Hb criterion only, 130 met the glucose criteria only, and 69 met both. Among subjects with diabetes detected by glucose criteria (regardless of Hb ), isolated raised 2-hour plasma glucose was more common in subjects aged ≥ 60 years as compared to younger subjects and in elderly women as compared to elderly men. Subjects with diabetes detected by glucose criteria only had worse cardiometabolic risk profiles than those detected by Hb only. In conclusion, the current Hb and glucose criteria defined different subjects with diabetes with only modest overlap. Among a substantial proportion of elderly subjects, and especially elderly women, the 2-hour plasma glucose was the only abnormal value.
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitationInternational Journal of Endocrinology (2013), Article ID 613475
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