Accidental hypothermia - A review on the underlying physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment of accidental hypothermia
Accidental hypothermia is a rare condition with few deaths per year, but hypothermic patients have a 30% chance of dying. The past 15-20 years there has been an increased understanding of how hypothermia affects human physiology and may cause life-threatening conditions like arrhythmias, cardiovascular shock and pulmonary edema. New understanding of underlying mechanisms of hypothermia- induced complications have led to new clinical guidelines and improved survival rates the last 20-30 years. This review will briefly focus on the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms for maintaining temperature homeostasis. The main goal is to give a detailed look on how hypothermia affect human physiology and give a review of the research done on the underlying mechanisms of hypothermia and rewarming associated complications, with an emphasis on heart and cardiovascular complications.
PublisherUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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