Social representation of hearing aids: Cross-cultural study in India, Iran, Portugal, and the United Kingdom
AuthorManchaiah, Vinaya; Danermark, Berth; Vinay, Sandhya; Ahmadi, Tayebeh; Tome, David; Krishnan, R.; Germundsson, Per
Methods: The study involved a cross-sectional design, and the data were collected from four different countries using the snowball sampling method. Data were analyzed using a content analysis to identify the most-similar categories of responses reported, a co-occurrences analysis to see which of these categories are reported commonly, and a chi-square analysis to study if there was any association between positive, neutral, and negative connotations among participants in different countries.
Results: The current study revealed four different social representations of hearing aids from India, Iran, Portugal, and the United Kingdom, and also a global index.
Conclusion: The study results provide very useful insights into how hearing aids are represented in the society. These findings may have important implications for public education and also for manufacturers from the viewpoint of designing and marketing hearing aids in different countries.