Institutional challenges for effective governance of consumptive wildlife tourism: case studies of marine angling tourism in Iceland and Norway
Good governance of consumptive wildlife tourism, a complex socio-ecological system, requires finding the right balance between natural resource and tourism management. Fishing takes the lead globally as the most popular product offering within consumptive wildlife tourism, and both Iceland and Norway offer a marine angling tourism product. The two countries offer similar pristine Arctic fjord topography and similar fish species; but the management strategies are very different. Iceland’s management strategy for marine angling tourism prioritizes ecosystem-based management of the fish as a living resource, and requires a full accounting of all statistics related to marine angling tourists’ activities. Norway’s strategy relies on estimates of key statistics such as total seasonal catch, and the regulations put the burden of accountability primarily on the tourists. Using data from a multiple case study analysis of marine angling tourism in Iceland and Norway, the differences in governance inter-dynamics are examined using a theoretical model developed to analyse a complex socio-ecological system as an institution. This paper analyses how the differing management strategies influence institutional function, conflict creation and mitigation. Special focus is placed on the impacts of non-compliance by the tourists. This study demonstrates how such a model can serve as a tool to perform an analysis of a socio-ecological system in order to better understand institutional inter-dynamics, thereby assisting in the creation of a more effective governance strategy.
CitationMaritime Studies 2015, 14(4)
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Japanese consumption practices of tourism. An exploratory study of the “hows” and “whys” of Japanese tourists’ consumption of tourism and nature-based tourism Krag, Christoffer Wanga (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-11-30)The main purpose of this study is to explore Japanese consumption practices of tourism asking how and why Japanese tourists consume tourism. Additionally, the study attempts to explore the relation that the Japanese have towards nature, at the same time as it explores the possibility that there are some exclusive reasons as to why they wish to visit nature in a tourism context. In relation to this, ...
Indigenous people, tourism and development? The San people's involvement in community-based tourism Haug, Margrethe (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-06-13)The overall theme of this thesis is the relationship between tourism and its industry, and indigenous people struggling for sustainable development and cultural recognition. A prevailing assumption has been that tourism, as a modern institution, will change and perhaps even destroy traditional cultures in an effort to turn them into a commercial product. Questioning this assumption, this thesis ...
Cross-border cooperation as a tool for enhancing the international competitiveness of tourism destinations. A case study of the Murmansk region in northwest Russia as a part of the Barents tourism cluster Saltykov, Maxim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-10-31)Establishing the multinational tourism cluster in the Barents region should be aimed at achieving sustainable and mutual profits for all participants through their cross-border cooperation on the global arena. The analysis of the competitive profile of the Murmansk region based on secondary sources and a qualitative research among its stakeholders confirms that it would be profitable for the destination ...