The cytolytic amphipathic β(2,2)-amino acid LTX-401 induces DAMP release in melanoma cells and causes complete regression of B16 melanoma
AuthorEike, Liv-Marie; Mauseth, Brynjar; Camilio, Ketil Andre; Rekdal, Øystein; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur
In the present study we examined the ability of the amino acid derivative LTX-401 to induce cell death in cancer cell lines, as well as the capacity to induce regression in a murine melanoma model. Mode of action studies in vitro revealed lytic cell death and release of danger-associated molecular pattern molecules, preceded by massive cytoplasmic vacuolization and compromised lysosomes in treated cells. The use of a murine melanoma model demonstrated that the majority of animals treated with intratumoural injections of LTX-401 showed complete and long-lasting remission. Taken together, these results demonstrate the potential of LTX-401 as an immunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of solid tumors.