Lupus nephritis progression in FcγRIIB-/-yaa mice is associated with early development of glomerular electron dense deposits and loss of renal DNase I in severe disease.
ForfatterHorvei, Kjersti Daae; Pedersen, Hege Lynum; Fismen, Silje; Thiyagarajan, Dhivya; Schneider, Andrea; Rekvig, Ole Petter; Winkler, Thomas; Seredkina, Natalya
FcγRIIB-/-yaa mice develop severe lupus glomerulonephritis due to lack of an inhibitory immune cell receptor combined with a Y-chromosome linked autoimmune accelerator mutation. In the present study, we have investigated nephritis development and progression in FcγRIIB-/-yaa mice to find shared features with NZB/NZW F1 lupus prone mice and human disease. We sacrificed 25 male FcγRIIB-/-yaa mice at various disease stages, and grouped them according to activity and chronicity indices for lupus nephritis. Glomerular morphology and localization of electron dense deposits containing IgG were further determined by immune electron microscopy. Renal DNase I and pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA levels were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. DNase I protein levels was assessed by immunohistochemistry and zymography. Our results demonstrate early development of electron dense deposits containing IgG in FcγRIIB-/-yaa mice, before detectable levels of serum anti-dsDNA antibodies. Similar to NZB/NZW F1, electron dense deposits in FcγRIIB-/-yaa progressed from being confined to the mesangium in the early stage of lupus nephritis to be present also in capillary glomerular basement membranes. In the advanced stage of lupus nephritis, renal DNase I was lost on both transcriptional and protein levels, which has previously been shown in NZB/NZW F1 mice and in human disease. Although lupus nephritis appears on different genetic backgrounds, our findings suggest similar processes when comparing different murine models and human lupus nephritis.
Source at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188863 .