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  • Circularity, Naturalism, and Desire-Based Reasons 

    Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10)
    In this paper, I propose a critique of the naturalist version of the Desire-Based Reasons Model. I first set the scene by spelling out the connection between naturalism and the Model. After this, I introduce Christine Korsgaard’s circularity argument against what she calls the instrumental principle. Since Korsgaard’s targets, officially, were non-naturalist advocates of the principle, I show why ...
  • Hvorfor handlingskunnskap ikke er slutningsbasert 

    Holmen, Heine Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-06)
    Anscombes handlingsfilosofi har gjort et klart comeback. Særlig har filosofer som David Velleman og Kieran Setiya gjort mye for å fremvise fordelene ved hennes type rammeverk, nemlig at det kan forklare en nær forbindelse mellom å handle intensjonelt og å ha kunnskap (om hva en gjør og hvorfor) ved at kunnskap inngår som konstitutiv komponent i handling. Sarah K. Paul har utfordret dette synet ved ...
  • Reasons and Beliefs 

    Tanyi, Attila; Morganti, Matteo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    The present paper identifies a challenge for a certain view of practical reasons, according to which practical reasons (both normative and motivating) are states of affairs. The problem is that those who endorse such a view seem forced to maintain both a) that the contents of beliefs are states of affairs and b) that the conception according to which the contents of beliefs are states of affairs is ...
  • Synonymy and the a priori: A problem for Boghossian's model 

    Nyseth, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-03)
    According to Paul Boghossian, some truths are knowable a priori because they are expressed by epistemically analytic sentences. In such cases, understanding the sentence is meant to suffice for justified belief in the proposition it expresses. One alleged route from understanding to justification goes via what Boghossian calls 'the synonymy model'. This article presents a dilemma for this model and ...
  • Semantic Facts and a Priori Knowledge 

    Nyseth, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-18)
    This paper is a response to a paper by Marcus Giaquinto in which he argues that lexical meaning is moderately indeterminate and that this poses a problem for the linguistic view of a priori knowledge. I argue that accepting the moderate indeterminacy thesis as he presents it is perfectly compatible with both the linguistic view in general and the specific suggestion that some <i>a priori</i> knowledge ...
  • Morality and Prudence: A Case for Substantial Overlap and Limited Conflict 

    Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-07)
    <i>INTRODUCTION</i>: It is virtually impossible to say anything substantial about how morality and prudence relate to one another unless we make assumptions about their content. In what follows, I will make use of a minimal definition, according to which prudence concerns the rational pursuit of personal interest and happiness. In this connection, I use happiness as an evaluative term, as something ...
  • Institutional consequentialism and global governance 

    Tanyi, Attila; Miklós, András (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-13)
    Elsewhere we have responded to the so-called demandingness objection to consequentialism – that consequentialism is excessively demanding and is therefore unacceptable as a moral theory – by introducing the theoretical position we call institutional consequentialism. This is a consequentialist view that, however, requires institutional systems, and not individuals, to follow the consequentialist ...
  • The Concept of Entrapment 

    Hill, Daniel J.; McLeod, Stephen K; Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-23)
    Our question is this: What makes an act one of entrapment? We make a standard distinction between <i>legal entrapment</i>, which is carried out by parties acting in their capacities as (or as deputies of) law-enforcement agents, and <i>civil entrapment</i>, which is not. We aim to provide a definition of entrapment that covers both and which, for reasons we explain, does not settle questions of ...
  • Hvorfor ethvert samfunn trenger filosofi 

    Himmelmann, Beatrix (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Discussing three issues that are central to philosophical thinking, the article argues that each and every society requires the kind of reflection that philosophy entails. The first issue concerns the claim that we have to give reasons for our assertions, the second addresses the idea and significance of truth, and a third pivotal philosophical question deals with the importance of acknowledging ...
  • Sivilisasjonens sårbarhet. David Humes analyse av samfunnsmessig utvikling 

    Nafstad, Petter (Book; Bok, 2017)
    The book describes and interprets the Scottish philosopher and historian David Hume’s theory of the basis of a society’s development from barbarism to civilization and for the maintenance of a civilized society. An analysis of the development and maintenance of civilization should, according to Hume, be conducted along three dimensions, a political, an economic and one concerning civil society. ...
  • Heller død enn udødelig 

    Holmen, Heine Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    «Hva er det vi egentlig mener når vi sier, mennesket er dødelig?» spør Woody Allen i boken The Insanity Defence. Han legger til: «Det er åpenbart ikke et kompliment.»1 Jeg tror Woody tar feil her. Vår dødelighet er et kompliment – eller i det minste av det gode – siden livet uten døden ville være katastrofalt. Udødelige liv fører til dyp kjedsomhet, eksistensiell angst og en radikal form for ...
  • Arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer i dag 

    Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Denne artikkelen gir en kort gjennomgang av arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer og vektlegger noen av de største problemene filosofer i dag står overfor innen akademia og arbeidslivet for øvrig. Jeg relaterer problemene på arbeidsmarkedet (for kandidater på høyere og lavere akademisk nivå) til svakheter innen utdanningssystemet og akademisk publisering. Avslutningsvis tar jeg til orde for en ...
  • Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In reply to Strand and Parkkinen 

    Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence-based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of the epistemology of causation, including counterfactual dependence, ...
  • Causation and evidence-based practice: an ontological review 

    Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-09-21)
    This paper explores the nature of causation within the framework of evidence-based practice (EBP) for health care. The aims of the paper were first to define and evaluate how causation is presently accounted for in EBP; second, to present an alternative causal account by which health care can develop in both its clinical application and its scientific research activity. The paper was premised on the ...
  • Critical Thinking in Online Educational Discussions Measured as Progress through Inquiry Phases: A Discussion of the Cognitive Presence Construct in the Community of Inquiry Framework 

    Breivik, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    The development of critical thinking is a rationale for higher education and an important aspect of online educational discussions. A key component in most accounts of critical thinking is to evaluate the tenability of claims. The community of inquiry framework is among the most influential frameworks for research on online educational discussions. In this framework, cognitive presence accounts ...
  • The politics of Dissensus and Political Liberalism 

    Alnes, Jan Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-20)
    An emerging branch of political theory, ‘the politics of dissensus’, starts out from the premise that in order to understand the politics of constitutional democracies, one needs to focus on parliamentary politics, which compromises both institutional settings and debates. Politics takes place among adversaries, and dissensus and argumentation pro et contra is the rule. The focus on the conditions ...
  • Pragmatic universalism – A basis of coexistence of multiple diversities 

    De Cuzzani, Paola Maria; Johnsen, Kari Hoftun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-03)
    The authors examine the paradigms hitherto employed to understand and regulate relations between minorities and majority: universalism, multiculturalism/differentialism and interculturalism. These theories are referring to an idea of original purity rooted in a classificatory logic that ultimately inhibits positive coexistence. The complexities of belonging and practices of translation underscore the ...
  • Getting personal: Can systems medicine integrate scientific and humanistic conceptions of the patient? 

    Vogt, Henrik; Ulvestad, Elling; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Getz, Linn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
  • Kvinnens Overflødighet hos Platon 

    Nilsen, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
  • Nød, plikt og barmhjertighet - En kritisk analyse av Peter Singers etikk 

    Anfinsen, Roar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)

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