Now showing items 1-20 of 77

    • Adam Smith om markedet og om selvet 

      Lundestad, Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-19)
      Artikkelen fokuserer på hvilken rolle egeninteresse spiller i The Wealth of Nations av Adam Smith. Grunnlaget for diskusjonen vil være et bestemt syn på den vitenskapelige idealiseringen. I henhold til dette synet hevder Smith at aktørene på markedet er motivert av egeninteresse på tross av at han selv vet at dette ikke nødvendigvis er tilfellet. Selv om denne påstanden kan begrunnes pragmatisk, det ...
    • The All Affected Principle, and the Weighting of Votes 

      Angell, Kim; Huseby, Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-18)
      In this article we defend the view that, on the All Affected Principle of voting rights, the weight of a person’s vote on a decision should be determined by and only by the degree to which that decision affects her interests, independently of her voting weights on other decisions. Further, we consider two recent alternative proposals for how the All Affected Principle should weight votes, and give ...
    • Arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer i dag 

      Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Denne artikkelen gir en kort gjennomgang av arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer og vektlegger noen av de største problemene filosofer i dag står overfor innen akademia og arbeidslivet for øvrig. Jeg relaterer problemene på arbeidsmarkedet (for kandidater på høyere og lavere akademisk nivå) til svakheter innen utdanningssystemet og akademisk publisering. Avslutningsvis tar jeg til orde for en ...
    • At the borders of medical reasoning - aetiological and ontological challenges of medically unexplained symptoms 

      Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Kerry, Roger; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, ...
    • The basic liberties: An essay on analytical specification 

      McLeod, Stephen K; Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2021)
      We characterize, more precisely than before, what Rawls calls the “analytical” method of drawing up a list of basic liberties. This method employs one or more general conditions that, under any just social order whatever, putative entitlements must meet for them to be among the basic liberties encompassed, within some just social order, by Rawls’s first principle of justice (i.e., the liberty ...
    • Book review: Mayer, Benoît and Francois Crépeau. 2017. Research Handbook on Climate Change, Migration, and the Law (Edgard Elgar: Cheltenham, 512 pages) 

      Duarte, Melina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Benoît Mayer and François Crépeau's edited volume, Research Handbook on Climate Change, Migration and the Law, is, in many ways, an outstanding book. In a collection of 20 chapters, authored by experts from different fields and geographical backgrounds, the book compiles the most recent perspectives on the debate surrounding the development of legal protection to climate-induced migrants. The book ...
    • Causation and evidence-based practice: an ontological review 

      Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-09-21)
      This paper explores the nature of causation within the framework of evidence-based practice (EBP) for health care. The aims of the paper were first to define and evaluate how causation is presently accounted for in EBP; second, to present an alternative causal account by which health care can develop in both its clinical application and its scientific research activity. The paper was premised on the ...
    • Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In reply to Strand and Parkkinen 

      Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence-based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of the epistemology of causation, including counterfactual dependence, ...
    • Circularity, Naturalism, and Desire-Based Reasons 

      Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10)
      In this paper, I propose a critique of the naturalist version of the Desire-Based Reasons Model. I first set the scene by spelling out the connection between naturalism and the Model. After this, I introduce Christine Korsgaard’s circularity argument against what she calls the instrumental principle. Since Korsgaard’s targets, officially, were non-naturalist advocates of the principle, I show why ...
    • The Concept of Entrapment 

      Hill, Daniel J.; McLeod, Stephen K; Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-23)
      Our question is this: What makes an act one of entrapment? We make a standard distinction between <i>legal entrapment</i>, which is carried out by parties acting in their capacities as (or as deputies of) law-enforcement agents, and <i>civil entrapment</i>, which is not. We aim to provide a definition of entrapment that covers both and which, for reasons we explain, does not settle questions of ...
    • Consequentialism and Its Demands: The Role of Institutions 

      Miklos, Andras; Tanyi, Attila (Preprint; Manuskript, 2020-02-25)
      It isn’t saying much to claim that morality is demanding; the question, rather, is: can morality be so demanding that we have reason not to follow its dictates? According to many, it can, if that morality is a consequentialist one. This paper takes the plausibility and coherence of this objection – the Demandingness Objection – as a given. Our question, therefore, is how to respond to the Objection. ...
    • Consequentialist Demands, Intuitions and Experimental Methodology 

      Tanyi, Attila; Sweetman, Joe (Preprint; Manuskript, 2020-02-25)
      Can morality be so demanding that we have reason not to follow its dictates? According to many, it can, if that morality is a consequentialist one. We take the plausibility and coherence of this objection – the Demandingness Objection – as a given and are also not concerned with finding the best response to the Objection. Instead, our main aim is to explicate the intuitive background of the Objection ...
    • Contexts of John Stuart Mill's liberalism - politics and the science of society in Victorian Britain 

      Alnes, Jan Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-02)
      <i>Introduction</i>: This book, hereafter referred to as <i>Contexts</i>, is the fourth volume in the series <i>Politics-Debates-Concepts</i> by Nomos. The series publishes interdisciplinary studies of politics, focused on the history of political concepts, conceptual change, and the interplay between ‘political theories and political practices’. López’s work squares perfectly within this setting. ...
    • Critical Thinking in Online Educational Discussions Measured as Progress through Inquiry Phases: A Discussion of the Cognitive Presence Construct in the Community of Inquiry Framework 

      Breivik, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The development of critical thinking is a rationale for higher education and an important aspect of online educational discussions. A key component in most accounts of critical thinking is to evaluate the tenability of claims. The community of inquiry framework is among the most influential frameworks for research on online educational discussions. In this framework, cognitive presence accounts ...
    • Democracy without Enlightenment: A Jury Theorem for Evaluative Voting 

      Morreau, Michael (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-08)
      Say a jury is going to decide who wins a competition. First, each member evaluates all the competitors by grading them; then, for each competitor, a collective grade is derived from all the judgments of all the members; finally, the jury chooses as the winner the competitor with the highest collective grade. This is <i>collective grading</i>. The grades that are used might typically be numerical ...
    • Demonic despair under the guise of the good? Kierkegaard and Anscombe vs. Velleman 

      Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-30)
      The aim of this paper is to clarify Kierkegaard’s concept of demonic despair (and demonic evil) and to show its relevance for discussions of the guise of the good thesis (i.e. that in φ-ing intentionally, we take φ-ing to be good). Contemporary discussions of diabolic evil often emphasise the phenomena of despair and acedia as apparent counter-examples to the guise of the good. I contend that ...
    • Dispositions and Ethics 

      Anjum, Rani Lill; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2012-12-18)
    • Elisabeth av Böhmen og sinn-kropp-problemet 

      Nilsen, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-07)
      <i>Norwegian abstract</i>: I artikkelen argumenterer jeg for at Elisabeth av Böhmen, gjennom hennes kritikk av den kartesianske dualismen mellom sjel og legeme, motiverer Descartes til å videreutvikle og presisere sin teori om samvirket mellom de to substansene, en prosess som kulminerer i den velkjente teori om konglekjertelen (glandula pinealis). I Meditasjoner fra 1641, som utgjør utgangspunktet ...
    • Entrapment 

      Hill, Daniel J.; McLeod, Stephen K.; Tanyi, Attila (Preprint; Manuskript, 2021-06-29)
      We discuss how the law and scholars have approached three questions. First, what acts count as acts of entrapment? Secondly, is entrapment a permissible method of law-enforcement and, if so, in what circumstances? Thirdly, what must criminal courts do, in response to the finding that an offence was brought about by an act of entrapment, in order to deliver justice? While noting the contrary tendency, ...
    • Entrapment: From the objection from temptation to the objection from moral alliance 

      Hill, Daniel; McLeod, Stephen; Tanyi, Attila (Preprint; Manuskript, 2020-02-25)
      Entrapment involves two parties: the agent, who entraps, and the target, who is entrapped. When entrapment occurs, the agent procures the target’s act by recommending, requesting or enjoining its performance. When an agent intentionally tempts a target, the agent presents the target with the opportunity to perform an act, with the intention that the target will experience an urge to perform ...