• Arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer i dag 

      Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Denne artikkelen gir en kort gjennomgang av arbeidsmarkedet for norske filosofer og vektlegger noen av de største problemene filosofer i dag står overfor innen akademia og arbeidslivet for øvrig. Jeg relaterer problemene på arbeidsmarkedet (for kandidater på høyere og lavere akademisk nivå) til svakheter innen utdanningssystemet og akademisk publisering. Avslutningsvis tar jeg til orde for en ...
    • At the borders of medical reasoning - aetiological and ontological challenges of medically unexplained symptoms 

      Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Kerry, Roger; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, ...
    • Causation and evidence-based practice: an ontological review 

      Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-09-21)
      This paper explores the nature of causation within the framework of evidence-based practice (EBP) for health care. The aims of the paper were first to define and evaluate how causation is presently accounted for in EBP; second, to present an alternative causal account by which health care can develop in both its clinical application and its scientific research activity. The paper was premised on the ...
    • Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In reply to Strand and Parkkinen 

      Kerry, Roger; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen; Anjum, Rani Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence-based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of the epistemology of causation, including counterfactual dependence, ...
    • Circularity, Naturalism, and Desire-Based Reasons 

      Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10)
      In this paper, I propose a critique of the naturalist version of the Desire-Based Reasons Model. I first set the scene by spelling out the connection between naturalism and the Model. After this, I introduce Christine Korsgaard’s circularity argument against what she calls the instrumental principle. Since Korsgaard’s targets, officially, were non-naturalist advocates of the principle, I show why ...
    • The Concept of Entrapment 

      Hill, Daniel J.; McLeod, Stephen K; Tanyi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-23)
      Our question is this: What makes an act one of entrapment? We make a standard distinction between <i>legal entrapment</i>, which is carried out by parties acting in their capacities as (or as deputies of) law-enforcement agents, and <i>civil entrapment</i>, which is not. We aim to provide a definition of entrapment that covers both and which, for reasons we explain, does not settle questions of ...
    • Contexts of John Stuart Mill's liberalism - politics and the science of society in Victorian Britain 

      Alnes, Jan Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-02)
      <i>Introduction</i>: This book, hereafter referred to as <i>Contexts</i>, is the fourth volume in the series <i>Politics-Debates-Concepts</i> by Nomos. The series publishes interdisciplinary studies of politics, focused on the history of political concepts, conceptual change, and the interplay between ‘political theories and political practices’. López’s work squares perfectly within this setting. ...
    • Critical Thinking in Online Educational Discussions Measured as Progress through Inquiry Phases: A Discussion of the Cognitive Presence Construct in the Community of Inquiry Framework 

      Breivik, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The development of critical thinking is a rationale for higher education and an important aspect of online educational discussions. A key component in most accounts of critical thinking is to evaluate the tenability of claims. The community of inquiry framework is among the most influential frameworks for research on online educational discussions. In this framework, cognitive presence accounts ...
    • Dispositions and Ethics 

      Anjum, Rani Lill; Lie, Svein Anders Noer; Mumford, Stephen (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2012-12-18)
    • Elisabeth av Böhmen og sinn-kropp-problemet 

      Nilsen, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-07)
      <i>Norwegian abstract</i>: I artikkelen argumenterer jeg for at Elisabeth av Böhmen, gjennom hennes kritikk av den kartesianske dualismen mellom sjel og legeme, motiverer Descartes til å videreutvikle og presisere sin teori om samvirket mellom de to substansene, en prosess som kulminerer i den velkjente teori om konglekjertelen (glandula pinealis). I Meditasjoner fra 1641, som utgjør utgangspunktet ...
    • Getting personal: Can systems medicine integrate scientific and humanistic conceptions of the patient? 

      Vogt, Henrik; Ulvestad, Elling; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Getz, Linn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Heller død enn udødelig 

      Holmen, Heine Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      «Hva er det vi egentlig mener når vi sier, mennesket er dødelig?» spør Woody Allen i boken The Insanity Defence. Han legger til: «Det er åpenbart ikke et kompliment.»1 Jeg tror Woody tar feil her. Vår dødelighet er et kompliment – eller i det minste av det gode – siden livet uten døden ville være katastrofalt. Udødelige liv fører til dyp kjedsomhet, eksistensiell angst og en radikal form for ...
    • Hvorfor ethvert samfunn trenger filosofi 

      Himmelmann, Beatrix (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Discussing three issues that are central to philosophical thinking, the article argues that each and every society requires the kind of reflection that philosophy entails. The first issue concerns the claim that we have to give reasons for our assertions, the second addresses the idea and significance of truth, and a third pivotal philosophical question deals with the importance of acknowledging ...
    • Hvorfor handlingskunnskap ikke er slutningsbasert 

      Holmen, Heine Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-06)
      Anscombes handlingsfilosofi har gjort et klart comeback. Særlig har filosofer som David Velleman og Kieran Setiya gjort mye for å fremvise fordelene ved hennes type rammeverk, nemlig at det kan forklare en nær forbindelse mellom å handle intensjonelt og å ha kunnskap (om hva en gjør og hvorfor) ved at kunnskap inngår som konstitutiv komponent i handling. Sarah K. Paul har utfordret dette synet ved ...
    • Institutional consequentialism and global governance 

      Tanyi, Attila; Miklós, András (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-13)
      Elsewhere we have responded to the so-called demandingness objection to consequentialism – that consequentialism is excessively demanding and is therefore unacceptable as a moral theory – by introducing the theoretical position we call institutional consequentialism. This is a consequentialist view that, however, requires institutional systems, and not individuals, to follow the consequentialist ...
    • Kunnskaps-sosiologi, relativisme og anti-realisme – ein gjennomgang av Kuhn, Wittgenstein, Winch og Bloor 

      Måseide, Atle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007)
      The problem of relativism and realism may appear in hermeneutic and mundane phenomenological projects. In this paper theories of Kuhn, Wittgenstein, Winch, and Bloor are discussed. Kuhn’s theory may be interpreted in at least two ways, one generating the problem of relativism and realism, the second avoiding the problem. Wittgenstein’s treatment of reciprocal understanding across cultural borders ...
    • Kvinnens Overflødighet hos Platon 

      Nilsen, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Morality and Prudence: A Case for Substantial Overlap and Limited Conflict 

      Fremstedal, Roe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-07)
      <i>INTRODUCTION</i>: It is virtually impossible to say anything substantial about how morality and prudence relate to one another unless we make assumptions about their content. In what follows, I will make use of a minimal definition, according to which prudence concerns the rational pursuit of personal interest and happiness. In this connection, I use happiness as an evaluative term, as something ...
    • Nietzsche's Ethics of Power and the Ideas of Right, Justice, and Dignity 

      Himmelmann, Beatrix (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In this article, I first show in which ways Nietzsche’s doctrine of the will to power informs his understanding of practical ideas, such as right, justice, and dignity. Subsequently, I challenge his view by contrasting it with approaches that emphasize the significance of thinking beyond power relations. Particularly, I draw on arguments brought forward by three major figures of the philosophical ...
    • No Need to Get Emotional? Emotions and Heuristics 

      Szigeti, Andras (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Many believe that values are crucially dependent on emotions. This paper focuses on epistemic aspects of the putative link between emotions and value by asking two related questions. First, how exactly are emotions supposed to latch onto or track values? And second, how well suited are emotions to detecting or learning about values? To answer the first question, the paper develops the heuristics-model ...