Now showing items 281-300 of 372

    • Ranking of substances for monitoring in foods, drinks and dietary supplements - based on risk and knowledge gaps 

      Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Husøy, Trine; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Mathisen, Gro Haarklou; Ørnsrud, Robin; Agdestein, Angelika; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Krogdahl, Åshild; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Velle, Gaute; Wasteson, Yngvild; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Vandvik, Vigdis; Alexander, Jan (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
      The Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM) to provide an overview of substances in foods, drinks and dietary supplements that may constitute a potential health risk for humans, based on the VKM members’ expert judgements. VKM was further requested to perform a ranking of these substances. Additionally, VKM should ...
    • Rebuilding the Northeast Arctic Cod Fisheries - Economic and Social Issues 

      Armstrong, Claire W.; Eide, Arne; Flaaten, Ola; Heen, Knut; Kaspersen, Inga Wigdahl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The Northeast Arctic cod (NEA cod) fisheries in Norway are now one of the richest cod fisheries in the world. In the past the fishery has experienced several stock declines and low economic returns. In this paper we review management approaches applied over 20 years to address one of the most severe crises in the fishery. Emphasis is on management strategies and the measures carried out to ensure ...
    • Reconciling ecological and engineering design principles for building microbiomes 

      Bernstein, Hans Christopher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-28)
      Simplified microbial communities, or “benchtop microbiomes,” enable us to manage the profound complexity of microbial ecosystems. Widespread activities aiming to design and control communities result in novel resources for testing ecological theories and also for realizing new biotechnologies. There is much to be gained by reconciling engineering design principles with ecological processes that shape ...
    • Reconstructing governability: How fisheries are made governable 

      Song, Andrew M.; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Morrison, Tiffany (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-15)
      Governability is an important concept in the political and environmental social sciences with increasing application to socio‐ecological systems such as fisheries. Indeed, governability analyses of fisheries and related systems such as marine‐protected areas have generated innovative ways to implement sustainability ideals. Yet, despite progress made, we argue that there remain limitations in current ...
    • Recovery from exhaustive swimming and its effect on fillet quality in haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) 

      Karlsson-Drangsholt, Anders; Svalheim, Ragnhild Aven; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Olsen, Stein Harris; Midling, Kjell Øivind; Breen, Michael; Grimsbø, Endre; Johnsen, Helge K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-08)
      Wild haddock (<i>Melanogrammus aeglefinus</i>) of commercial size (0.8–2.49 kg, 45–60 cm) were swum to exhaustion in a large swim tunnel and then allowed to recuperate for 0, 3 or 6 h, to investigate the effects of exhaustive swimming on blood glucose, blood lactate and post mortem development of fillet quality. There was a positive linear relationship between critical (aerobic) swimming speed ...
    • Recruitment to the Norwegian fishing fleet: storylines, paradoxes, and pragmatism in Norwegian fisheries and recruitment policy 

      Sønvisen, Signe Annie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The majority of actors in the Norwegian fisheries consider recruitment of fishers to be the main future challenge for the Norwegian fishing fleet. As fleet recruitment is a highly politicized field, the problem of how to mitigate the recruitment problem is a subject of heavy debate. Some argue that recruitment problems are caused by low fleet profitability, while others argue that recruitment ...
    • Reducing the number of individuals to monitor shoaling fish systems – Application of the Shannon entropy to construct a biological warning system model 

      Eguiraun, Harkaitz; Casquero, Oskar; Sørensen, Asgeir Johan; Martinez, Iciar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-08)
      The present study aims at identifying the lowest number of fish (European seabass) that could be used for monitoring and/or experimental purposes in small-scale fish facilities by quantifying the effect that the number of individuals has on the Shannon entropy (SE) of the trajectory followed by the shoal’s centroid. Two different experiments were performed: (i) one starting with 50 fish and decreasing ...
    • Regelrett eller rett regel? Håndtering og praktisering av regelverket for havbruksnæringen 

      Robertsen, Roy; Andreassen, Otto; Hersoug, Bjørn; Karlsen, Kine Mari; Osmundsen, Tonje; Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Sørgård, Bjørn; Asche, Frank; Tveterås, Ragnar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016-10-11)
      This is the second report from the project “Impacts of the legal framework on the aquaculture industry – simplification of regulations”, funded by The Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (FHF). The project is designed to investigate how scientific knowledge and political objectives have shaped the design and implementation of the legal framework, and to suggest possible improvements and simplifications ...
    • The regulative lock-in: the challenge of establishing Sami fisheries governance in Norway 

      Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Søreng, Siri Ulfsdatter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-06)
      For almost 30 years, the Sami Parliament has worked to gain influence in the Norwegian fisheries governing system in order to secure Sami fisheries as the material basis of Sami culture. Due to developments in international law and their implementation in state law, the Sami Parliament has gained formal access to the country’s fisheries governance decision-making process. This paper addresses the ...
    • Rekrutteringsutfordringer for marin sektor i framtida 

      Vik, Jostein; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Sønvisen, Signe Annie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2009)
    • The Relative Bioavailability of Ibuprofen After Administration With a Novel Soft Chewable Drug Formulation 

      Hattrem, Magnus Nergård; Dille, Morten Johnsen; Seternes, Tore; Ege, Thorfinn; Draget, Kurt Ingar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-25)
      The first aim of the present study was to evaluate the bioavailability of ibuprofen dispersed in a novel soft chewable formulation compared with a traditional ibuprofen tablet; its second was to map the quality of taste masking and patient product satisfaction. In a phase 1, single-center, open-label, randomized, crossover study, healthy subjects received a softchew formulation or a hard tablet ...
    • Report from fact-finding mission to Ghana 8-21 August 2015 

      Hersoug, Bjørn; Johnsen, Jahn Petter (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
      Over the years, 19 students from Ghana have graduated from the International Fisheries Management Programme (IFM) at the Norwegian College of Fishery Science (NCFS) at the University of Tromsø, the Arctic University of Norway. In addition, three other students from Ghana are in their first and second year of the programme now. These students are trained and supervised by professors with broad ...
    • Report of the Workshop on Age Estimation in Monodontids 

      Hohn, Aleta A.; Lockyer, Christina; Acquarone, Mario (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The workshop was a 2-day event organised immediately before the Society for Marine Mammalogy biennial conference in Tampa. NAMMCO funding enabled participation of 4 invited experts and also supported the organization and logistics associated with the workshop. The breadth and depth of the workshop presentations made it clear that most issues concerning monodontid age estimation are not unique. Many ...
    • Representations of Colonialism in Three Popular, Modern Board Games: Puerto Rico, Struggle of Empires, and Archipelago 

      Borit, Cornel; Borit, Melania; Olsen, Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-10)
      With all its intricate processes, colonialism, both as an ideology and a historical period, has been a rich source of inspiration for contemporary popular culture, whether in the form of movies, novels, digital games, or analogue games. This article presents a critical analysis of colonial representations in three examples of the latter: <i>Puerto Rico</i> (2002), <i>Struggle of Empires</i> (2004), ...
    • Resilience to exogenous shocks in environmental management regimes in the Arctic – lessons learned from survivors 

      Tiller, Rachel; Nyman, Elizabeth; Dankel, Dorothy Jane; Liu, Yajie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-13)
      A changing climate will impact not only the environment but all levels of governance thereof, including the context of the close to 400 multilateral environmental management agreements signed since the year 2000. For the Ocean, researchers project that the increasing sea surface temperatures will facilitate large changes in the marine food web, including large shifts in distribution patterns of ...
    • Results based management in fisheries: Delegating responsibility to resource users 

      Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Holm, Petter; Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-31)
      While the notion of results based management has been devoted recent attention in the context of reforming European fisheries management, it remains unclear what it entails. A conceptual model of results based management in fisheries is proposed as a way for public authorities to delegate specific management and documentation responsibilities to resource users. The model comprises three ...
    • Rethinking capitalist transformation of fisheries in South Africa and India 

      Menon, Ajit; Sowman, Merle; Bavinck, Jan Maarten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The industrialization of fisheries and the growth of a capitalist sector within fisheries have received considerable scholarly attention. For the most part, scholars have emphasized how capitalism has led to privatization of the commons, forced small-scale resource users into wage labor, and marginalized the sector. This analysis does not, however, explain the continued presence of such a vibrant ...
    • Rettslig rammeverk for norsk havbruksnæring - Kartlegging av dagens status 

      Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Hersoug, Bjørn; Andreassen, Otto; Tveterås, Ragnar; Osmundsen, Tonje; Sørgård, Bjørn; Karlsen, Kine Mari; Asche, Frank; Robertsen, Roy (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015-06-12)
      Ambisjoner om videre vekst i norsk havbruksnæring har vært hyppig uttalt, både av næringen selv, og av skiftende regjeringer. Sentralt er at næringen skal gis muligheten til vekst, så lenge det skjer innenfor miljømessige bærekraftige rammer. Dette kan betraktes som en politisk målsetting for norsk havbruksnæring. Men næringens muligheter for vekst avgjøres ikke av politiske målsettinger alene. Andre ...
    • A review of bioeconomic modelling of habitat-fisheries interactions. 

      Foley, Naomi; Armstrong, Claire W.; Kahui, Viktoria; Mikkelsen, Eirik Inge; Reithe, Siv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      This paper reviews the bioeconomic literature on habitat-fisheries connections. Many such connections have been explored in the bioeconomic literature; however, missing from the literature is an analysis merging the potential influences of habitat on both fish stocks and fisheries into one general, overarching theoretical model. We attempt to clarify the nature of linkages between the function of ...
    • The right to be part of nature - indigenous peoples and the environment 

      Ørebech, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2013)
      Book review of Leena Heinämäkis book from 2010. Rovaniemi: Lapland University Press. 380 p, softcover.