Lupus nephritis: low urinary DNase I levels reflect loss of renal DNase I and may be utilized as a biomarker of disease progression
AuthorPedersen, Hege Lynum; Horvei, Kjersti Daae; Thiyagarajan, Dhivya; Norby, Gudrun; Seredkina, Natalya; Moroni, Gabriella; Eilertsen, Gro Østli; Holdaas, Hallvard; Strøm, Erik Heyerdahl; Bakland, Gunnstein; Meroni, Pier Luigi; Rekvig, Ole Petter
Renal DNase I is lost in advanced stages of lupus nephritis. Here, we determined if loss of renal DNase I reflects a concurrent loss of urinary DNase I, and whether absence of urinary DNase I predicts disease progression. Mouse and human DNase I protein and DNase I endonuclease activity levels were determined by western blot, gel, and radial activity assays at different stages of the murine and human forms of the disease. Cellular localization of DNase I was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, confocal microscopy, and immunoelectron microscopy. We further compared DNase I levels in human native and transplanted kidneys to determine if the disease depended on autologous renal genes, or whether the nephritic process proceeded also in transplanted kidneys. The data indicate that reduced renal DNase I expression level relates to serious progression of lupus nephritis in murine, human native, and transplanted kidneys. Notably, silencing of renal DNase I correlated with loss of DNase I endonuclease activity in the urine samples. Thus, urinary DNase I levels may therefore be used as a marker of lupus nephritis disease progression and reduce the need for renal biopsies.
PublisherWiley Open Access
CitationPedersen, H.L., Horvei. K.D., Thiyagarajan, D., Norby, G.E., Seredkina, N., Moroni, G., ... Rekvig, O.P. (2018). Lupus nephritis: low urinary DNase I levels reflect loss of renal DNase I and may be utilized as a biomarker of disease progression. The journal of pathology. Clinical research, 4. 193-203. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjp2.99
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Prognostic Impacts of Angiopoietins in NSCLC Tumor Cells and Stroma : VEGF-A Impact Is Strongly Associated with Ang-2 Andersen, Sigve; Dønnem, Tom; Al-Shibli, Khalid Ibrahim; Al-Saad, Samer; Stenvold, Helge; Busund, Lill-Tove; Bremnes, Roy M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)Angiopoietins and their receptor Tie-2 are, in concert with VEGF-A, key mediators in angiogenesis. This study evaluates the prognostic impact of all known human angiopoietins (Ang-1, Ang-2 and Ang-4) and their receptor Tie-2, as well as their relation to the prognostic expression of VEGF-A. 335 unselected stage I-IIIA NSCLC-patients were included and tissue samples of respective tumor cells and ...
Humant papillomavirus : en litteraturstudie om HPV, dets relasjon til cancer og tiltak mot videre spredning av virus Gabrielsen, Endre (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06-01)I 1983 oppdaget zur Hausen sammenhengen mellom Humant Papillomavirus (HPV) og livmorhalskreft. På denne tiden visste man ikke at det var HPV som var årsaken til at Helaceller kunne leve in vitro. Ny forskning relaterer HPV til en rekke andre cancertyper. En stor andel anal-, oropharyngeal-, penis-, vaginal-, og vulvacancer skyldes HPV. Det er også påvist HPV i tumorvev fra øsofagus, larynx, lunge, ...
Hoem, Gry (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by an expanded CGG repeat (>200 repeats) in the 5’ un-translated portion of the fragile mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) leading to deficiency or absence of the FMR1 protein (FMRP). FMRP is an RNA carrier protein that controls the translation of a number of other genes that regulate synaptic development and plasticity. Autism occurs in approximately 30% of FXS ...