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dc.contributor.authorHuseinovic, Ena
dc.contributor.authorWinkvist, Anna
dc.contributor.authorFreisling, Heinz
dc.contributor.authorSlimani, Nadia
dc.contributor.authorBoeing, Heiner
dc.contributor.authorBuckland, Genevieve
dc.contributor.authorSchwingshackl, Lukas
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Anja
dc.contributor.authorTjønneland, Anne
dc.contributor.authorStepien, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorBoutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine
dc.contributor.authorMancini, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorArtaud, Fanny
dc.contributor.authorKühn, Tilman
dc.contributor.authorKatzke, Verena
dc.contributor.authorTrichopoulou, Antonia
dc.contributor.authorNaska, Androniki
dc.contributor.authorOrfanos, Philippos
dc.contributor.authorTumino, Rosario
dc.contributor.authorMasala, Giovanna
dc.contributor.authorKrogh, Vittorio
dc.contributor.authorSantucci De Magistris, Maria
dc.contributor.authorOcké, Marga C.
dc.contributor.authorBrustad, Magritt
dc.contributor.authorEnget Jensen, Torill
dc.contributor.authorSkeie, Guri
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez-Barranco, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorHuerta, José María
dc.contributor.authorArdanaz, Eva
dc.contributor.authorQuirós, José Ramón
dc.contributor.authorJakszyn, Paula
dc.contributor.authorSonestedt, Emily
dc.contributor.authorEricson, Ulrika
dc.contributor.authorWennberg, Maria
dc.contributor.authorKey, Timothy J.
dc.contributor.authorAune, Dagfinn
dc.contributor.authorRiboli, Elio
dc.contributor.authorWeiderpass, Elisabete
dc.contributor.authorBerteus Forslund, Helene
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T14:54:11Z
dc.date.available2019-02-21T14:54:11Z
dc.date.issued2018-10-17
dc.description.abstract<p><i>Objective</i>: To examine timing of eating across ten European countries.</p> <p><i>Design</i>: Cross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as well as the later:earlier energy intake ratio, with earlier and later intakes defined as 06.00–14.00 and 15.00–24.00 hours, respectively. Type III tests were used to examine associations of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health variables with timing of energy intake.</p> <p><i>Setting</i>: Ten Western European countries.</p> <p><i>Subjects</i>: In total, 22 985 women and 13 035 men aged 35–74 years (n 36 020).</p> <p><i>Results</i>: A south–north gradient was observed for timing of eating, with later consumption of meals and snacks in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries. However, the energy load was reversed, with the later:earlier energy intake ratio ranging from 0·68 (France) to 1·39 (Norway) among women, and from 0·71 (Greece) to 1·35 (the Netherlands) among men. Among women, country, age, education, marital status, smoking, day of recall and season were all independently associated with timing of energy intake (all P<0·05). Among men, the corresponding variables were country, age, education, smoking, physical activity, BMI and day of recall (all P<0·05).</p> <p><i>Conclusions</i>: We found pronounced differences in timing of eating across Europe, with later meal timetables but greater energy load earlier during the day in Mediterranean countries compared with Central and Northern European countries.</p>en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Commission: Public Health and Consumer Protection Directorate Research Directorate-General 2005 Ligue contre le Cancer Société 3M (France) Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) Institute Gustave Roussy German Cancer Aid German Cancer Research Center German Federal Ministry of Education and Research Danish Cancer Society Health Research Fund (FIS) of the Spanish Ministry of Health Spanish Regional Governments of Andalucía, Asturias, Basque Country, Murcia and Navarra The Catalan Institute of Oncology ISCIII RETIC Cancer Research UK Medical Research Council, UK The Stroke Association, UK British Heart Foundation Department of Health, UK Food Standards Agency, UK The Wellcome Trust, UK Greek Ministry of Health Hellenic Health Foundation Italian Association for Research on Cancer Italian National Research Council, Regione Sicilia (Sicilian government) Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro-AIRC-Italy ONLUS (Hyblean association for epidemiological research, NPO) Dutch Ministry of Health Welfare and Sport Dutch Prevention Funds LK Research Funds Dutch ZON (Zorg Onderzoek Nederland) World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) Swedish Cancer Society Swedish Research Council Regional Government of Skane The County Council of Vasterbotten, Swedenen_US
dc.descriptionAccepted manuscript version. Published version available at <a href=https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018002288> https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018002288</a>. Copyright Cambridge University Press.en_US
dc.identifier.citationHuseinovic, E., Winkvist, A., Freisling, H., Slimani, N., Boeing, H., Buckland, G, ... Bertéus Forslund, H. (2018). Timing of eating across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. <i>Public Health Nutrition</i>. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018002288en_US
dc.identifier.issn1368-9800
dc.identifier.issn1475-2727
dc.identifier.otherFRIDAID 1638113
dc.identifier.other10.1017/S1368980018002288
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/14743
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.relation.journalPublic Health Nutrition
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Nutrition: 811en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Ernæring: 811en_US
dc.subjectMeal patternsen_US
dc.subjectChrono-nutritionen_US
dc.subjectDiurnal eatingen_US
dc.subjectMealsen_US
dc.subjectSnacksen_US
dc.subjectStandardizationen_US
dc.subject24 h diet recallen_US
dc.subjectEPICen_US
dc.titleTiming of eating across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration studyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typeTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US


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