Consociationalism and segmented cleavages : the case of Lebanon
Consociationalism and segmented cleavages. The case of Lebanon is about the political development of Lebanon. It is intended to be an exploration, as objective as possible, to the development of major cleavages of Lebanese society related to Lebanese consociationalism. The “science of experience” has been useful as a basis of this thesis, thus the thesis is based on a theoretical framework, exploring Lebanese society from a consociational and a consensus – integrative, cross-cutting theory. The turbulence of Lebanese society the last century and a half questions the stabilizing effects of the consociational institutions which Lebanon are based on. Lebanese consociationalism is in this work claimed to be based on wrong assumptions to which cleavages that divide the Lebanese society. The political system has been claimed to be disproportional, and to favour the domination of one community over others and it is accused of not including major social and secular forces into politics. This thesis is dedicated to find what makes Lebanese consociationalism fail in mirroring and represent all major groups of society; which groups the Lebanese society consists of and which political, cultural or religious cleavages that’s divides them. Finally it explores some alternative institutional solutions, inspired by the consensus model of democracy, which may better represent the segmented society of 21st century Lebanon.
PublisherUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Alnes, Jan Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-20)An emerging branch of political theory, ‘the politics of dissensus’, starts out from the premise that in order to understand the politics of constitutional democracies, one needs to focus on parliamentary politics, which compromises both institutional settings and debates. Politics takes place among adversaries, and dissensus and argumentation pro et contra is the rule. The focus on the conditions ...
Påvirkningskrefter for oppslutningen til høyreekstreme partier i Europa. Fører økt innvandring til økt oppslutning for høyreekstreme partier i Europa, eller er det andre faktorer som i større grad påvirker oppslutningen? Utne, Kasper (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-11-15)Denne studien baserer seg på tidligere litteratur og teorier på det denne studien karakteriserer som høyreekstreme partier, og om disse partiene får sin oppslutning basert på grunnlag av innvandring, eller om det er andre påvirkningskrefter som gjør at personer stemmer som de gjør. Dette blir analysert gjennom en OLS regresjonsanalyse, som ser på effekten og sammenhengen mellom oppslutning hos ...