Exploring the overlapping binding sites of ifenprodil and EVT‐101 in GluN2B‐containing NMDA receptors using novel chicken embryo forebrain cultures and molecular modeling
AuthorFjelldal, Marthe Fredheim; Freyd, Thibaud; Evenseth, Linn; Sylte, Ingebrigt; Ring, Avi; Paulsen, Ragnhild Elisabeth
N‐methyl‐d‐aspartate receptors (NMDAR) are widely expressed in the brain. GluN2B subunit‐containing NMDARs has recently attracted significant attention as potential pharmacological targets, with emphasis on the functional properties of allosteric antagonists. We used primary cultures from chicken embryo forebrain (E10), expressing native GluN2B‐containing NMDA receptors as a novel model system. Comparing the inhibition of calcium influx by well‐known GluN2B subunit‐specific allosteric antagonists, the following rank order of potency was found: EVT‐101 (EC50 22 ± 8 nmol/L) > Ro 25‐6981 (EC50 60 ± 30 nmol/L) > ifenprodil (EC50 100 ± 40 nmol/L) > eliprodil (EC50 1300 ± 700 nmol/L), similar to previous observations in rat cortical cultures and cell lines overexpressing chimeric receptors. The less explored Ro 04‐5595 had an EC50 of 186 ± 32 nmol/L. Venturing to explain the differences in potency, binding properties were further studied by in silico docking and molecular dynamics simulations using x‐ray crystal structures of GluN1/GluN2B amino terminal domain. We found that Ro 04‐5595 was predicted to bind the recently discovered EVT‐101 binding site, not the ifenprodil‐binding site. The EVT‐101 binding pocket appears to accommodate more structurally different ligands than the ifenprodil‐binding site, and contains residues essential in ligand interactions necessary for calcium influx inhibition. For the ifenprodil site, the less effective antagonist (eliprodil) fails to interact with key residues, while in the EVT‐101 pocket, difference in potency might be explained by differences in ligand‐receptor interaction patterns.
Source at https://doi.org/10.1002/prp2.480.