Change in physical activity is not associated with change in mental distress among adolescents: The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures
AuthorOpdal, Ida Marie; Morseth, Bente; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Ask, Helga; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert; Horsch, Alexander; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Rosenbaum, Simon; Rognmo, Kamilla
Method: This study was based on data from 676 upper-secondary school students (mean age 16.23 years at baseline, 45.26% boys) from The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures. Physical activity, mental distress and covariates were measured at baseline (T1) and follow-up (T2) 2 years later. Physical activity was objectively measured with an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer over 7 days. Mental distress was measured with the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 (HSCL-10). Change score variables were computed as the difference between T1 and T2 in number of steps, number of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and mental distress between T1 and T2, and analyzed using linear regression analysis.
Results: Changes in steps per day were not associated with changes in mental distress in neither the crude, partially, nor fully adjusted model. Neither was changes in minutes of MVPA per day. Interaction effects between change in both steps per day and minutes of MVPA and gender were also not statistically significant, nor was the interaction effects between baseline levels of mental distress and physical activity.
Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that for adolescents in the sample, change in physical activity is unrelated to change in mental distress over a two-year period.