Liver sinusoidal endothelial cell ICAM-1 mediated tumor/endothelial crosstalk drives the development of liver metastasis by initiating inflammatory and angiogenic responses
AuthorBenedicto, Aitor; Herrero, Alba; Romayor, Irene; Marquez, Joana; Smedsrød, Bård; Olaso, Elvira; Arteta, Beatriz
The prometastatic stroma generated through tumor cells/host cells interaction is critical for metastatic growth. To elucidate the role of ICAM-1 on the crosstalk between tumor and primary liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), implicated in tumor adhesion and angiogenesis, we performed in vitro cocultures and an in vivo model of liver metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). ICAM-1 blockade in the LSECs decreased the adhesion and transmigration of tumor cells through an LSEC in vitro and vivo. Cocultures of C26 cells and LSECs contained higher amounts of IL-1β, IL-6, PGE-2, TNF-α and ICAM-1 than monocultures. C26 cells incubated with sICAM-1 secreted higher amounts of PGE-2, IL-6, VEGF, and MMPs, while enhanced the migration of LSECs and HSCs. HSCs cultures activated by media from C26 cells pretreated with sICAM-1 contained the largest amounts of VEGF and MMPs. C26 cell activation with sICAM-1 enhanced their metastasizing potential in vivo, while tumor LFA-1 blockade reduced tumor burden and LSECs and HSC-derived myofibroblasts recruitment. In vivo ICAM-1 silencing produced similar results. These findings uncover LSEC ICAM-1 as a mediator of the CRC metastatic cascade in the liver and identifies it as target for the inhibition of liver colonization and metastatic progression.