Microbial risk factors for treatment failure of pivmecillinam in community‐acquired urinary tract infections caused by ESBL‐producing Escherichia coli
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AuthorSyre, Heidi; Hetland, Marit; Bernhoff, Eva; Bollestad, Marianne; Grude, Nils; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Löhr, Iren Høyland
The aim of this study was to identify microbial risk factors for treatment failure of pivmecillinam in community‐acquired urinary tract infections (ca‐UTIs) caused by ESBL‐producing Escherichia coli. Eighty‐nine ESBL‐producing E. coli isolated from women suffering from ca‐UTIs were included. The susceptibilities to mecillinam were determined using MIC gradient strip. Whole genome sequencing was performed on a MiSeq platform, and genome assembly was performed using SPAdes v3.11.0. Neither mecillinam MICs nor ESBL genotypes were associated with treatment outcome of patients treated with pivmecillinam. Specific STs, however, showed significant differences in treatment outcome. Patients infected with ST131 were more likely to experience treatment failure compared to patients infected with non‐ST131 (p 0.02) when adjusted for pivmecillinam dose, mecillinam MIC and severity of infection. Patients infected with ST69 were more often successfully treated compared to patients infected with non‐ST69 (p 0.04). Patients infected with blaCTX‐M‐15 ST131 strains were more likely to experience treatment failure than those infected with non‐blaCTX‐M‐15 ST131 strains (p 0.02). The results suggest that specific STs are associated with the clinical efficacy of pivmecillinam. Further studies with a larger number of strains, including a larger number of mecillinam resistant strains, are needed to confirm these results.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Syre H, Hetland MAK, Bernhoﬀ E, Bollestad M, Grude N, Simonsen GS, Lohr, I.H. Microbial risk factors for treatment failure of pivmecillinam in community-acquired urinary tract infections caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli. APMIS, 2019. which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/apm.13013. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.