Ticket To Ride: A Longitudinal Journey to Work Engagement and Health in the JD-R model
The present study addresses one of the limitations of the JD-R model, namely, that analyses of the outcomes of the motivational process have largely focused on organizational outcomes and have neglected to investigate the associations between job resources, work engagement and health-related outcomes. Specifically, the aim of this paper is to show that health-related indicators may be outcomes of the motivational process in the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. We achieve this through a two-wave panel study with a two-year time lag. The results provide longitudinal evidence that two well-established job resources (i.e., social support and feedback) predicted work engagement, that work engagement was negatively related to sick leave and that this relation was mediated by subjective health. By showing that health-related indicators could also be outcomes of the motivational process in the JD-R model, we have strengthened the model.