Now showing items 33-52 of 106

    • Group Based Asymmetry – A Fast Saliency Algorithm 

      Sharma, Puneet; Eiksund, Oddmar (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2015-12-18)
      In this paper, we propose a saliency model that makes two major changes in a latest state-of-the-art model known as group based asymmetry. First, based on the properties of the dihedral group D4 we simplify the asymmetry calculations associated with the measurement of saliency. This results is an algorithm which reduces the number of calculations by at-least half that makes it the fastest among the ...
    • Human reliability assessment (HRA) in maintenance of production process: A case study 

      Aalipour, Mojgan; Ayele, Yonas Zewdu; Barabadi, Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-04-02)
      Human reliability makes a considerable contribution to the maintenance performance, safety, and cost-efficiency of any production process. To improve human reliability, the causes of human errors should be identified and the probability of human errors should be quantified. Analysis of human error is very case-specific; the context of the field should be taken into account. The aim of this study is ...
    • Ice Detection of Pure and Saline Ice Using Infrared Signature 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-30)
      The paper shows the possible implementation of an Infrared (IR) ice detection technique. In respect of safety in marine operations, saline ice detection can be significant for automated de-icing systems. Experimentation is performed to observe and detect saline and pure ice samples. The discussed detection mechanism is unique and differs from passive IR detection by introducing the self-heating ...
    • Ice Detection Setup Using Infrared and Active Heating 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015)
      Considering the cold environment operations, ice accretion can occur at a rapid pace and can adversely affect the operations. In such scenario, ice detection is useful for the ice mitigation and removal upon the marine and offshore structures. Various techniques exist in the literature to detect the icing mainly utilizing its physical or electromagnetic properties. The parameters measured by these ...
    • Identifying hazards to include in risk analyses 

      Leonhardsen, Mette; Olsen, Odd Einar Falnes; Nilsen, Aud Solveig (Book; Bok; Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018)
      A risk analysis should provide decision makers with information regarding relevant hazards. The initiating phase, where the risk analysts identify hazards to be included in the risk analysis, lays the foundation for the rest of the analysis. This phase is, therefore, of great importance. In this paper, we examine how risk analysts in a municipal setting identified potential adverse events and how ...
    • Improving Mechanical Grip of Tyres on Snow and Icy Road Surfaces using Finite Element Method 

      Ludvigsen, Sondre; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016)
      Harsh winter conditions are known to be one of the most challenging environments for driving. Although the number of fatal accidents is higher during the summer compared to the winter in Norway (according to Norwegian Highways Authority), the total number of accidents is higher in the winter season. These accidents mainly happen due to loss traction on snowy or icy road surfaces. The loss of traction ...
    • Infrared Detection for Anti-Icing Systems in Ship Operations 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2014)
    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure and Saline Ice for Marine Operations in Cold Climate 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to abundant ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads over larger surface area. For safe and adequate operations on marine vessels over a larger area, remote ice detection and ice mitigation system can be useful. To study this remote ice detection option, lab experimentation was performed to detect the thermal gradient of ice with the infrared ...
    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure Ice Block 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-08-23)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to heavy ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads causing safety concerns. Atmospheric and sea spray icing can cause severe ice accretion on structures. Ice detection over the relatively larger surface area of marine platforms and vessels could be significant for ice mitigation and its removal in cold climates. A thermal ice signature ...
    • International Cooperation on Search and Rescue in the Arctic 

      Sydnes, Are K.; Sydnes, Maria; Antonsen, Yngve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09)
      SAR in the Arctic is a complex and dynamic cross-disciplinary activity that requires the combined effort of multiple actors with specialized human and technical resources. Due to limited resources and infrastructure in the Arctic, international cooperation is particularly important. This article applies a conceptual framework drawn from regime-theory to study SAR cooperation in the Arctic. More ...
    • Investigation of Ice-PVC separation under Flexural Loading using FEM Analysis 

      Xue, Hui; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-29)
      This paper presents the FEM technique applied in the study of ice separation over a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surface. A two layer model of ice and PVC is analysed theoretically using Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and the rule of mixtures. The physical samples are prepared by freezing ice over the PVC surfaces. The samples are tested experimentally in a four-point loading setup. The experimental results ...
    • Involvement of Multiphysics in Petroleum Research: Case Study on Shock Tube Experimental Setup 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2014)
    • Knowledge in food tourism: the case of Lofoten and Maremma Toscana 

      Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    • Learning from experience 

      Nergård, Vegard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-14)
      The purpose of this study was to explore how pilots potentially learn from their and others‘ experience through post-flight debriefing. Through a case study of pilots who fly air ambulances, this article attempts to illustrate the importance of learning from experience (Bion 1962) among pilots in aviation.
    • Lessons learned from accident and near-accident experiences in traffic 

      Terum, Jens Andreas; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-17)
      The focus of this article is risky behavior in traffic. What do people learn from accidents and near-accidents? Experience with accidents may demand increased caution. However, near-accidents are inherently ambiguous: On the one hand, they signal that margins were good enough, inspiring increased risk-taking; on the other hand, they signal danger that could induce increased caution. To explore these ...
    • Lessons learned from accident and near-accident experiences in traffic 

      Terum, Jens Andreas; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-17)
      The focus of this article is risky behavior in traffic. What do people learn from accidents and near-accidents? Experience with accidents may demand increased caution. However, near-accidents are inherently ambiguous: On the one hand, they signal that margins were good enough, inspiring increased risk-taking; on the other hand, they signal danger that could induce increased caution. To explore these ...
    • Management of risks - a Paradox? 

      Nilsen, Aud Solveig; Leonhardsen, Mette (Conference object; Konferansebidrag; Others; Andre, 2016-11-23)
    • Marine Icing and Anti/De-icing Systems 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-10)
      Shipping operations are on the rise in the Arctic region. Due to these increased activities, maritime transport operations are encountering significant challenges with respect to the safety and reliability. These shipping operations are comprised of commercial vessels such as oil tankers, container ships, fishing vessels, tourism cruises, research and offshore exploration vessels and icebreakers In ...
    • Marine icing observed on KV Nordkapp during a cold air outbreak with a developing polar low in the Barents sea. 

      Samuelsen, Eirik Mikal; Løset, Sveinung; Edvardsen, Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06)
      Marine icing is a phenomenon that may occur for temperatures below subfreezing where sea spray either is lofted from the sea surface or being generated by waves interacting with a ship or a structure. On a voyage from Tromsø to the waters east of Bjørnøya late February 1987, the Norwegian Coast Guard vessel KV Nordkapp experienced heavy icing due to a polar low that raged over these waters during ...
    • Marine stewardship and complexity – How to enhance a better process of risk governance in the Norwegian area of the Arctic Ocean? 

      Nilsen, Aud Solveig; Hammer, Maria (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016-01)