Modified prolonged exposure therapy as Early Intervention after Rape (The EIR-study): study protocol for a multicenter randomized add-on superiority trial
AuthorHaugen, Tina; Halvorsen, Joar Øveraas; Friborg, Oddgeir; Simpson, Melanie Rae; Mork, Paul Jarle; Mikkelsen, Gustav; Elklit, Ask; Rothbaum, Barbara O.; Schei, Berit; Hagemann, Cecilie Therese
Methods/design This is a multicenter randomized controlled add-on superiority trial that enrolls patients attending sexual assault centers within 72 h after rape or attempted rape. The objective is to assess whether mPE shortly after rape can prevent the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms. Patients will be randomized to either mPE plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. The primary outcome is the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms 3 months after trauma. Secondary outcomes will be symptoms of depression, sleep difculties, pelvic foor hyperactivity, and sexual dysfunction. The frst 22 subjects will constitute an internal pilot trial to test acceptance of the intervention and feasibility of the assessment battery.
Discussion This study will guide further research and clinical initiatives for implementing strategies for preventing post-traumatic stress symptoms after rape and provide new knowledge about which women may beneft the most from such initiatives and for revising existing treatment guidelines within this area.