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dc.contributor.advisorLazado, Carlo C.
dc.contributor.advisorDalmo, Roy
dc.contributor.authorSoleng, Malene
dc.description.abstractInfectious diseases are still a major problem in salmon aquaculture despite several attempts on developing prophylactic measures. Amoebic gill disease (AGD) is considered a growing threat in Norwegian salmon aquaculture. It has increased in prevalence and geographic distribution in the last years, resulting in considerable economic losses. Current treatments (i.e., freshwater and hydrogen peroxide bathing) are not optimal as they have both practical and welfare issues. It is, therefore, necessary to find new treatment alternatives. Peracetic acid (PAA) is under consideration as a potential treatment against AGD, but it is vital in the development of new chemotherapeutic measures that the consequences to the health and welfare of fish be identified. The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate the systemic and mucosal stress responses of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) post smolts to peracetic acid. In Trial 1, salmon were first exposed to different nominal concentrations (0, 0,6 and 2,4 ppm) of PAA for 5 minutes, followed by a re-exposure to the same concentrations for 30 min 2 weeks later. Sampling was performed before exposure, 2 h, 48 h, and 2 w after exposures on both occasions. In Trial 2, salmon were subjected to crowding stress prior to PAA exposure at 4,8 ppm, double than the highest concentration tested in Trial 1. The fish were sampled before exposure, 1 h, 4 h, and 2 w after exposure. The treatments in both trials did not dramatically affect the overall external welfare status of fish. Both systemic and mucosal stress indicators were affected by the treatments at varying levels, and it was apparent that the fish were able to mount an appropriate response to the physiological demands of PAA exposure. In particular, the cortisol levels increased in the early hours after exposure, then followed by a rapid decrease and was back at baseline levels 2 weeks post-exposure. Prior exposure history to PAA did not markedly affect the stress responses of fish when re-exposed to PAA. Crowding stress before PAA treatment, however, did influence some of the stress indicators (lactate, glucose and antioxidant genes in the gills). Nonetheless, the changes were not substantial. In addition, a preliminary in vitro experiment revealed the amoebicidal activity of PAA against Paramoeba perurans, the causative agent of AGD. In conclusion, the results of this study showed that PAA at the tested concentrations did not dramatically compromise the health and welfare of salmon. The fish were able to mount a robust adaptive response to different PAA doses, exposure time and a potential confounding factor. The preliminary data on the amoebicidal activity of PAA further supports the potential of PAA as a potential treatment for AGD.en_US
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen_US
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universiteten_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Landbruks- og Fiskerifag: 900::Fiskerifag: 920::Akvakultur: 922en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Agriculture and fishery disciplines: 900::Fisheries science: 920::Aquaculture: 922en_US
dc.titleSystemic and mucosal stress responses of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) to peracetic aciden_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)