Viser treff 1-20 av 6119

    • Å medvirke når barnevernet undersøker. En studie av barn og foreldres medvirkning i barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid 

      Havnen, Karen J Skaale; Christiansen, Øivin; Ljones, Eirinn Hesvik; Lauritzen, Camilla; Paulsen, Veronika; Jarlby, Frederikke; Vis, Svein Arild (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2020-04)
      Dette er den femte delrapporten fra prosjektet «Barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid – fra bekymring til beslutning». Denne delrapporten dreier seg om barn og foreldres medvirkning i barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid. Problemstillingene belyses ved hjelp av kvantitative og kvalitative data fra 1123 undersøkelsessaker, samt intervjuer med barn, foreldre og kontaktpersoner i 12 saker. Intervjuene følger ...
    • Cost-utility analysis of telemonitoring versus conventional hospital-based follow-up of patients with pacemakers. The NORDLAND randomized clinical trial 

      Lopez-Villegas, Antonio; Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel; Peiró, Salvador; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Lopez-Liria, Remedios (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-29)
      <i>Introduction</i> - The aim of our study was to perform an economic assessment in order to check whether or not telemonitoring of users with pacemakers offers a cost-effective alternative to traditional follow-up in outpatient clinics.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We used effectiveness and cost data from the NORDLAND trial, which is a controlled, randomized, non-masked clinical trial. Fifty patients ...
    • Physical activity and mental distress among adolescents. Results from the Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

      Opdal, Ida Marie (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-08-21)
      The onset of experiencing symptoms of mental distress, such as depression and anxiety, is most common during the adolescent years, and is concurrent with a measured decrease in physical activity levels. Research on the association between physical activity and mental distress among adolescents find contradictory results, and the field is in need of more longitudinal research with validated measurements. ...
    • Quantification of porosity in composite resins delivered by injectable syringes using X-ray microtomography 

      Nilsen, Bo Wold; Mouhat, Mathieu; Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-06)
      <i>Objective</i>: To assess whether composite polymer resin delivered in compules include pores and the possible effect on the amount of porosity in dental restorations.<p> <p><i>Method and materials</i>: Original compules containing unpolymerised composite polymer resin (CPR) were scanned in a micro-CT. Four products were examined, which comprised universal composites (Herculite XRV Ultra, Ceram.X ...
    • ‘Fixing my life’: young people’s everyday efforts towards recovery from persistent bodily complaints 

      Kvamme, Maria Fredriksen; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Waage, Trond; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-23)
      Little is known about the perspectives of young people suffering from medically unexplained symptoms. This study aims to explore the experiences and strategies of young Norwegians related to incipient and persistent health complaints affecting everyday life functioning. The study draws on field notes, video material and interview transcripts from a multi-sited ethnographic study of healthcare services ...
    • A combined histo-score based on tumor differentiation and lymphocytic infiltrate is a robust prognostic marker for mobile tongue cancer 

      Bjerkli, Inger-Heidi; Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Nginamau, Elisabeth Sivy; Laurvik, Helene; Søland, Tine Merete; Costea, Daniela Elena; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars; Steigen, Sonja Eriksson (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-30)
      We wanted to evaluate the prognostic value of common histopathological variables in a large cohort of patients with cancer in the mobile tongue as such information can be important for treatment stratification of the individual patient, especially for patients with low-stage disease. In addition, we wanted to investigate whether an alternative scoring model with fewer options would compromise the ...
    • Nephronectin promotes breast cancer brain metastatic colonization via its integrin-binding domains 

      Norvoll Magnussen, Synnøve; Toraskar, Jimita Prashant; Wilhelm, Imola; Hasko, Janos; Figenschau, Stine; Molnar, Judit; Seppola, Marit; Steigen, Sonja Eriksson; Steigedal, Tonje S.; Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Krizbai, Istvan; Svineng, Gunbjørg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-22)
      This study demonstrates a role for the extracellular matrix protein nephronectin (NPNT) in promoting experimental breast cancer brain metastasis, possibly through enhanced binding to- and migration through brain endothelial cells. With the introduction of more targeted breast cancer treatments, a prolonged survival has resulted during the last decade. Consequently, an increased number of patients ...
    • Using the Job Demands–Resources Model to Evaluate Work-Related Outcomes Among Norwegian Health Care Workers 

      Kaiser, Sabine; Patras, Joshua; Adolfsen, Frode; Richardsen, Astrid Marie; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-01)
      The job demands-resources (JD-R) model was used to evaluate work-related outcomes among 489 health care professionals working in public health services for children and their families in Norway. In accordance with the JD-R model, the relationship of job demands and job resources with different outcomes (turnover intention, job satisfaction, and service quality) should be mediated through burnout and ...
    • Nucleic acids hybrids as advanced antibacterial nanocarriers 

      Obuobi, Sybil Akua Okyerewa; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-08)
      Conventional antibiotic therapy is often challenged by poor drug penetration/accumulation at infection sites and poses a significant burden to public health. Effective strategies to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of our existing arsenal include the use of nanoparticulate delivery platforms to improve drug targeting and minimize adverse effects. However, these nanocarriers are often challenged by ...
    • Silica Nanoparticles - A Versatile Tool for the Treatment of Bacterial Infections 

      Selvarajan, Vanitha; Obuobi, Sybil Akua Okyerewa; Rachel Ee, Pui Lai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-15)
      The rapid emergence of drug resistance continues to outpace the development of new antibiotics in the treatment of infectious diseases. Conventional therapy is currently limited by drug access issues such as low intracellular drug accumulations, drug efflux by efflux pumps and/or enzymatic degradation. To improve access, targeted delivery using nanocarriers could provide the quantum leap in intracellular ...
    • Dekontaminering av pattedyrslakt ved bruk av damp eller varmt vann. Uttalelse fra Faggruppe for hygiene og smittestoffer i Vitenskapskomiteen for mattrygghet 

      Nesbakken, Truls; Christensen, Hardy; Skjerve, Eystein; Nygård, Karin Maria; Yazdankhah, Siamak Pour; Lunestad, Bjørn Tore; Kapperud, Georg; Lassen, Jørgen Fr; Robertson, Lucy; Olsvik, Ørjan; Tranulis, Michael A.; Tryland, Morten; Rimstad, Espen (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2010-04-15)
      Mattilsynet har gitt VKM i oppgave å foreta en risikovurdering når det gjelder ”dekontaminering av pattedyrslakt ved bruk av varmt vann eller damp”. Da det er en bestemtdekontamineringsteknologi Mattilsynet ønsker utredet, velger faggruppen å bruke den mer presise betegnelsen ”overflatepasteurisering av slakt” som er i tråd med uttrykk og definisjoner som forskere innenfor dette området har benyttet ...
    • Miljørisikovurdering genmodifisert mais MON 89034 x NK603 fra Monsanto Company (EFSA/GMO/NL/2009/72). Uttalelse fra Faggruppe for genmodifiserte organismer Vitenskapskomiteen for mattrygghet 

      Sorteberg, Hilde-Gunn Opsahl; Bøhn, Thomas; Finne, Merethe Aasmo; Holck, Askild Lorentz; Klungland, Helge; Meadow, Richard; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Nerland, Audun Helge; Nes, Ingolf; Nielsen, Kaare Magne; Stabbetorp, Odd Egil; Vikse, Rose (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2010-04-07)
      Helse- og miljørisikovurderingen av den insektresistente og herbicidtolerante maishybriden MON 89034 x NK603 (EFSA/GMO/NL/2009/72) fra Monsanto Company er utført av Faggruppe for genmodifiserte organismer i Vitenskapskomiteen for mattrygghet (VKM). VKM er bedt av Direktoratet for naturforvalting (DN) om å vurdere miljørisiko ved en eventuell godkjenning av maislinje MON 89034 x NK603 til dyrking og ...
    • Risk assessment of import and dissemination of intestinal pathogenic bacteria via fresh herbs and leafy vegetables from South-East Asia. Opinion of the Panel on Biological Hazards 

      Lassen, Jørgen Fredrik; Johannessen, Gro Skøien; Høiby, Ernst Arne; Kapperud, Georg; Lunestad, Bjørn Tore; Nesbakken, Truls; Nygård, Karin Maria; Olsvik, Ørjan; Robertson, Lucy Jane; Tranulis, Michael A.; Tryland, Morten; Rimstad, Espen (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2008-06)
      Several studies have demonstrated that fresh herbs and green or leafy vegetables can be contaminated by intestinal pathogenic bacteria such as <i>Salmonella</i> spp. Although systematic surveys are probably not conducted in any countries some places, in recent years the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) has received approximately 30 alerts annually on the detection of potentially pathogenic ...
    • Mestring i mottak og kommuner. Implementering og evaluering av Teaching Recovery Techniques i asylmottak, omsorgssentre og bosettingskommuner i Norge 

      Oppedal, Brit; Solhaug, Anne Kristine Nilsen; Friborg, Oddgeir; Biele, Guido (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019-03)
      Det er mangel på forskningsbaserte lavterskeltiltak som kan tilbys mange unge asylsøkere og flyktninger og avhjelpe traumerelaterte psykiske plager på relativt kort tid. Hensikten med denne rapporten er å informere om resultatene fra prosjektet Mestring i Mottak og Kommuner (MiMK), som evaluerte effekten av en lavterskelintervensjon for å redusere traumerelaterte psykiske plager blant asylsøkende ...
    • E-health in Norway Before and During the Initial Phase of the Covid-19 Pandemic 

      Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The use of e-health services has for many years gradually increased in Norway as in most European countries. Searching for information about health and illness has previously by far been the most popular service. In this study, we review the literature with the aim of examining any changes in e-health use during the Covid-19 pandemic. We find that there has been a marked change in Norway, with an ...
    • Heat Development in the Pulp Chamber During Curing Process of Resin-Based Composite Using Multi-Wave LED Light Curing Unit 

      Nilsen, Bo Wold; Mouhat, Mathieu; Haukland, Torbjørn; Örtengren, Ulf Tore; Mercer, James B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-08)
      <i>Objective</i>: The study aimed to investigate factors contributing to heat development during light curing of a flowable bulk-fill resin-based composite (SDR<sup>TM</sup>, Lot # 602000876, Dentsply Sirona, Konstanz, Germany) (RBC).<p><p> <i>Materials and Methods</i>: Temperatures were measured with calibrated thermocouples. A multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) light curing unit (LCU) was ...
    • Following the fate of dye-containing liposomes in vitro 

      Cauzzo, Jennifer; Nystad, Mona; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Basnet, Purusotam; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-09)
      The rather limited success of translation from basic research to clinical application has been highlighted as a major issue in the nanomedicine field. To identify the factors influencing the applicability of nanosystems as drug carriers and potential nanomedicine, we focused on following their fate through fluorescence-based assays, namely flow cytometry and imaging. These methods are often used to ...
    • Current situation of paediatric chronic pain in Switzerland: prevalence and paediatricians’ experiences 

      Carlander, Maria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-07-10)
      Background: Chronic pain (CP) prevalence in children and adolescents has been increasing over the past decades. The patient-reported prevalence is around 25% depending on the methodology and location of pain. Chronic pain is defined in this study as persisting or recurrent pain that has lasted longer than three months. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in children and adolescents ...
    • Managing chronic illnesses with remote patient monitoring in primary health care 

      Muller, Ashley Elizabeth; Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Jardim, Patricia; Johansen, Trine Bjerke; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2020-03)
      Remote patient monitoring (RPM) allows for the real-time transmission of health data, evaluation of this data, and appropriate follow-up. This allows providers to monitor the health status of chronically ill patients and quickly adjust treatment regimes, without requiring that patients continually visit providers’ offices.<p><p> We summarized systematic reviews of a specific type of RPM that the ...
    • Teen mothers and the use of antenatal care services in Georgia 2017 – 2019: A cross-sectional study 

      Carter, Reed Andrew (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-30)
      Teenage mothers are a particularly vulnerable population with a high risk of adverse health outcomes such as premature births and asphyxia compared to non-teen mothers. The Caucasus region historically has high rates of teenage pregnancies. The republic of Georgia is no exception therefore, this study aims to determine the utilization of ANC services of teens in order to ensure they are receiving ...