Identification of a Novel Human Polyomavirus in Organs of the Gastrointestinal Tract
ForfatterKorup, Sarah; Rietscher, Janita; Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien; Trusch, Franziska; Hofmann, Jörg; Moens, Ugo; Sauer, Igor; Voigt, Sebastien; Schmuck, Rosa; Ehlers, Bernhard
Polyomaviruses are small, non-enveloped viruses with a circular double-stranded DNA genome. Using a generic polyomavirus PCR targeting the VP1 major structural protein gene, a novel polyomavirus was initially identified in resected human liver tissue and provisionally named Human Polyomavirus 12 (HPyV12). Its 5033 bp genome is predicted to encode large and small T antigens and the 3 structural proteins VP1, VP2 and VP3. Phylogenetic analyses did not reveal a close relationship to any known human or animal polyomavirus. Investigation of organs, body fluids and excretions of diseased individuals and healthy subjects with both HPyV12-specific nested PCR and quantitative real-time PCR revealed additional virus-positive samples of resected liver, cecum and rectum tissues and a positive fecal sample. A capsomer-based IgG ELISA was established using the major capsid protein VP1 of HPyV12. Seroprevalences of 23% and 17%, respectively, were determined in sera from healthy adults and adolescents and a pediatric group of children. These data indicate that the virus naturally infects humans and that primary infection may already occur in childhood.
ForlagPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
SiteringPLoS ONE (2013), vol. 8(3): e58021.
Følgende lisensfil er knyttet til denne innførselen:
Viser innførsler relatert til tittel, forfatter og emneord.
Prognostic Impacts of Angiopoietins in NSCLC Tumor Cells and Stroma : VEGF-A Impact Is Strongly Associated with Ang-2 Andersen, Sigve; Dønnem, Tom; Al-Shibli, Khalid Ibrahim; Al-Saad, Samer; Stenvold, Helge; Busund, Lill-Tove; Bremnes, Roy M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)Angiopoietins and their receptor Tie-2 are, in concert with VEGF-A, key mediators in angiogenesis. This study evaluates the prognostic impact of all known human angiopoietins (Ang-1, Ang-2 and Ang-4) and their receptor Tie-2, as well as their relation to the prognostic expression of VEGF-A. 335 unselected stage I-IIIA NSCLC-patients were included and tissue samples of respective tumor cells and ...
Humant papillomavirus : en litteraturstudie om HPV, dets relasjon til cancer og tiltak mot videre spredning av virus Gabrielsen, Endre (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06-01)I 1983 oppdaget zur Hausen sammenhengen mellom Humant Papillomavirus (HPV) og livmorhalskreft. På denne tiden visste man ikke at det var HPV som var årsaken til at Helaceller kunne leve in vitro. Ny forskning relaterer HPV til en rekke andre cancertyper. En stor andel anal-, oropharyngeal-, penis-, vaginal-, og vulvacancer skyldes HPV. Det er også påvist HPV i tumorvev fra øsofagus, larynx, lunge, ...
Hoem, Gry (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by an expanded CGG repeat (>200 repeats) in the 5’ un-translated portion of the fragile mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) leading to deficiency or absence of the FMR1 protein (FMRP). FMRP is an RNA carrier protein that controls the translation of a number of other genes that regulate synaptic development and plasticity. Autism occurs in approximately 30% of FXS ...