Women and Children First: the Gendered and Generational Social-ecology of Smaller-scale Fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador and Northern Norway
The resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed and developing countries has been used to provide lessons to conventional managers regarding ways to transition toward a social-ecological approach to understanding and managing fisheries. We contribute to the understanding of the relationship between management and the resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed countries by looking at these dynamics in the wake of the shock of stock collapse and fisheries closures in two contexts: Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and northern Norway. We revisit and update previous research on the gendered effects of the collapse and closure of the Newfoundland and Labrador northern cod fishery and the closure of the Norwegian cod fishery in the early 1990s and present new research on young people in fisheries communities in both contexts. We argue that post-closure fishery policy and industry responses that focused on downsizing fisheries through professionalization, the introduction of quotas, and other changes ignored the gendered and intergenerational household basis of small-scale fisheries and its relationship to resilience. Data on ongoing gender inequities within these fisheries and on largely failed recruitment of youth to these fisheries suggest they are currently at a tipping-point that, if not addressed, could lead to their virtual disappearance in the near future.
CitationEcology and Society (2013), vol 18(4): 64.
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dyspriani, Polite (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05-29)Shrimp world production in the last few years has shown very high growth rates. It is marked by an increasing of production volume, and by shifting from capture to aquaculture fisheries within the production system. This has occurred mostly regarding to the brackish water pond. For some years, the government has had to face hard choices in order to ensure shrimp aquaculture developed sustainable. ...
Karlsen, Kine Mari (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2011-08-26)The purpose of this thesis was to study granularity and its importance for traceability in seafood supply chains. The following hypothesis was applied in this thesis: The implementation of traceability of seafood is affected by the granularity level of the traceable units. Three sub-tasks were carried out to test the hypothesis: 1) identify critical traceability points (CTPs) of seafood products, ...
Nolde Nielsen, Kåre (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2008-11-21)What is the relationship between science and politics? What should it be? How are their respective roles conceived and acted out in practice? Should science and politics be clearly separated? How? Are there cases in which they can be usefully mixed? What cases are those, and are there some ways of mixing that are better than others? This project explores such questions by examining relationships ...