Women and Children First: the Gendered and Generational Social-ecology of Smaller-scale Fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador and Northern Norway
ForfatterNeis, Barbara; Gerrard, Siri; Power, Nicole
The resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed and developing countries has been used to provide lessons to conventional managers regarding ways to transition toward a social-ecological approach to understanding and managing fisheries. We contribute to the understanding of the relationship between management and the resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed countries by looking at these dynamics in the wake of the shock of stock collapse and fisheries closures in two contexts: Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and northern Norway. We revisit and update previous research on the gendered effects of the collapse and closure of the Newfoundland and Labrador northern cod fishery and the closure of the Norwegian cod fishery in the early 1990s and present new research on young people in fisheries communities in both contexts. We argue that post-closure fishery policy and industry responses that focused on downsizing fisheries through professionalization, the introduction of quotas, and other changes ignored the gendered and intergenerational household basis of small-scale fisheries and its relationship to resilience. Data on ongoing gender inequities within these fisheries and on largely failed recruitment of youth to these fisheries suggest they are currently at a tipping-point that, if not addressed, could lead to their virtual disappearance in the near future.
SiteringEcology and Society (2013), vol 18(4): 64.
Følgende lisensfil er knyttet til denne innførselen:
Viser innførsler relatert til tittel, forfatter og emneord.
Dyspriani, Polite (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05-29)Shrimp world production in the last few years has shown very high growth rates. It is marked by an increasing of production volume, and by shifting from capture to aquaculture fisheries within the production system. This ...
The management of lobster in coastal Skagerrak : recreational fisheries, unreported commercial catches andmarine protected areas Kleiven, Alf Ring (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-09-30)The implementation of four experimental lobster reserves in Norway in 2006 highlighted a set of important questions regarding lobster management. This thesis presents a study on the management and fishery of the European ...
Nolde Nielsen, Kåre (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2008-11-21)What is the relationship between science and politics? What should it be? How are their respective roles conceived and acted out in practice? Should science and politics be clearly separated? How? Are there cases in which ...