Uric acid is associated with microalbuminuria and decreased glomerular filtration rate in the general population during 7 and 13 years of follow-up: The Tromsø Study
AuthorStorhaug, Hilde-Merete; Toft, Ingrid; Norvik, Jon Viljar; Jenssen, Trond Geir; Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar; Melsom, Toralf; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Solbu, Marit Dahl
Methods: In a prospective cohort study, we assessed the associations between change in SUA during follow-up, baseline SUA and RD (defined as albumin-creatinine-ratio (ACR) ≥1.13 mg albumin/mmol creatinine and/or eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) in a large cohort from a general population participating in the Tromsø Study (n = 2637). Participants were stratified according to tertiles of change in SUA between baseline (1994/95) and follow-up 13 years later. (upper tertile: SUA increasing group, two lower tertiles: SUA non-increasing group). Logistic regression analysis was applied with RD and each component of RD after 7 and 13 years as the dependent variables. Adjustments were made for baseline eGFR, cardiovascular risk factors, and the use of antihypertensive drugs including diuretics.
Results: After excluding participants with RD at baseline, SUA increasers, compared to SUA non-increasers, had a doubled risk of RD after 7 years (odds ratio 2.00, (95 % CI 1.45, 2.75)). Odds ratio for RD in SUA increasers after 13 years was 2.18 (95 % CI 1.71, 2.79). The risk of developing ACR ≥1.13 mg/mmol alone was not significantly increased after 7 years (odds ratio 1.30 (95 % CI 0.90, 1.89), but after 13 years (odds ratio 1.43 (95 % CI 1.09, 1.86)). An increase in baseline SUA of 59 μmol/L (1 mg/dL) gave an odds ratio for RD after 13 years of 1.16 (95 % CI 1.04, 1.29).
Conclusion: An increase in SUA during follow-up was associated with an increased risk of developing RD after 7 and 13 years.