Now showing items 1-20 of 15898

    • Results from the intercalibration of optical low-light calibration sources 2011 

      Brändström, B. Urban E.; Enell, Carl-Fredrik; Widell, Ola; Hansson, Thord; Whiter, Daniel; Mäkinen, Sanna; Mikhaylova, Daria; Axelsson, Katarina; Sigernes, Fred; Gulbrandsen, Njål; Schlatter, Nicola M.; Gjendem, Amund Gjerde; Cai, L.; Reistad, Jone Peter; Daae, Marianne; Demissie, Teferi Dejene; Andalsvik, Yngvild Linnea; Roberts, Owen; Poluyanov, Stepan Viktorovich; Chernouss, Sergey (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-05-03)
      Following the 38th Annual European Meeting on Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods in Siuntio in Finland, an intercalibration workshop for optical low light calibration sources was held in Sodankylä, Finland. The main purpose of this workshop was to provide a comparable scale for absolute measurements of aurora and airglow. All sources brought to the intercalibration workshop were compared to the ...
    • Troubled waters - Where is the bridge? Confronting marine plastic pollution from international watercourses 

      Finska, Linda; Howden, Julie Gjørtz (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-19)
      A considerable volume of marine plastic pollution derives from watercourses, and many of the world's largest and most heavily polluted watercourses are international. In spite of the clear factual link between the utilization and protection of international watercourses and marine plastic pollution there is hardly any interaction between the legal sub‐fields of international water law and marine ...
    • T cell and monocyte/macrophage activation markers associate with adverse outcome, but give limited prognostic value in anemic patients with heart failure: results from RED-HF 

      Abraityte, Aurelija; Aukrust, Pål; Kou, Lei; Anand, Inder S.; Young, James; Mcmurray, John J.V.; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.; Gullestad, Lars; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-07-26)
      <i>Background</i>: Activated leukocytes may contribute to the development and progression of heart failure (HF). We investigated the predictive value of circulating levels of stable and readily detectable markers reflecting both monocyte/macrophage and T-cell activity, on clinical outcomes in HF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: The association between ...
    • Know Your Heart: Rationale, design and conduct of a cross-sectional study of cardiovascular structure, function and risk factors in 4500 men and women aged 35-69 years from two Russian cities, 2015-18 

      Cook, Sarah; Malyutina, S; Kudryavtsev, Alexander; Averina, Maria; Bobrova, Natalia; Boytsov, S; Brage, S; Clark, TG; Diez Benavente, S; Eggen, Anne Elise; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Hughes, A; Johansen, Heidi; Kholmatova, Kamila; Kichigina, A; Kontsevaya, Anna; Kornev, M; Leong, D; Magnus, Per; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; McKee, M; Morgan, K; Nilssen, Odd-Ragnar; Plakhov, I; Quint, JK; Rapala, A; Ryabikov, A; Saburova, Lyudmila; Schirmer, Henrik; Shapkina, M; Shiekh, Suhail; Shkolnikov, VM; Stylidis, Michael; Voevoda, Mikhail; Westgate, Kate; Leon, David Adrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-04)
      Russia has one of the highest rates of cardiovascular disease in the world. The International Project on Cardiovascular Disease in Russia (IPCDR) was set up to understand the reasons for this. A substantial component of this study was the Know Your Heart Study devoted to characterising the nature and causes of cardiovascular disease in Russia by conducting large cross-sectional surveys in two Russian ...
    • Urban land cover classification with missing data modalities using deep convolutional neural networks 

      Kampffmeyer, Michael C.; Salberg, Arnt Børre; Jenssen, Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-14)
      Automatic urban land cover classification is a fundamental problem in remote sensing, e.g., for environmental monitoring. The problem is highly challenging, as classes generally have high interclass and low intraclass variances. Techniques to improve urban land cover classification performance in remote sensing include fusion of data from different sensors with different data modalities. However, ...
    • Enhanced T-lymphocyte infiltration in a desmoid tumor of the thoracic wall in a young woman treated with intratumoral injections of the oncolytic peptide LTX-315: a case report 

      Jebsen, Nina Louise; Apelseth, Torunn Oveland; Haugland, Hans Kristian; Rekdal, Øystein; Patel, Hamina; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Jøssang, Dag Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-10)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Desmoid tumors are intermediary malignant, fibrous lesions occurring in various soft tissues. Surgical treatment is relentlessly challenging because of the propensity for local aggressive behavior and high risk of recurrence. Consequently, a wide range of oncological drugs and radiation therapy are being used; however, outcomes are unpredictable. We investigated whether local ...
    • Taler i trykk: Bokhistoriske perspektiver på utgivelser av Læstadius' taler 

      Andreassen, Bengt-Ove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Målsettingen med denne artikkelen er todelt. Først gjøres en kartlegging av norske og svenske oversettelser og utgivelser av Lars Levi Læstadius’ taler (prekener). Dernest viser en bokhistorisk tilnærming til hver utgivelse hva bakgrunnen for utgivelsen og oversettelsen har vært. Kartleggingen har vist at senere postiller ses i sammenheng med tre finske utgivelser i perioden 1876 til 1924, som ...
    • Food web functions and interactions during spring and summer in the arctic water inflow region: Investigated through inverse modeling 

      Olli, Kalle; Halvorsen, Elisabeth; Vernet, Maria; Lavrentyev, Peter J.; Franzè, Gayantonia; Sanz-Martín, Marina; Paulsen, Maria Lund; Reigstad, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-28)
      We used inverse modeling to reconstruct major planktonic food web carbon flows in the Atlantic Water inflow, east and north of Svalbard during spring (18–25 May) and summer (9–13 August), 2014. The model was based on three intensively sampled stations during both periods, corresponding to early, peak, and decline phases of a <i>Phaeocystis</i> and diatom dominated bloom (May), and flagellates dominated ...
    • Microbial danger signals control transcriptional induction of distinct MHC class I L lineage genes in Atlantic salmon 

      Svenning, Steingrim; Gondek-Wyrozemska, Agata T; van der Wal, Yorick Andreas; Robertsen, Børre; Jensen, Ingvill; Jørgensen, Jorunn B; Edholm, Eva-Stina Isabella (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-11)
      Antigen processing and presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules is a cornerstone in vertebrate immunity. Like mammals, teleosts possess both classical MHC class I and multiple families of divergent MHC class I genes. However, while certain mammalian MHC class I-like molecules have proven to be integral in immune regulation against a broad array of pathogens, the biological ...
    • Sero-prevalence of brucellosis among slaughterhouse workers in Bahr el Ghazal region, South Sudan 

      Madut, Nuol Aywel; Ocan, Moses; Muwonge, Adrian; Muma, John Bwalya; Nasinyama, George William; Godfroid, Jacques; Jubara, Ambrose Samuel; Kankya, Clovice (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-22)
      <i>Background</i> - Brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic disease and is common especially among pastoral communities in most low and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to determine sero-prevalence, and risk factors of Brucella infection among Slaughterhouse workers, in Bahr el Ghazal region, South Sudan.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - A cross sectional study was conducted among Slaughterhouse ...
    • Genomic characterization of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a Ghanaian teaching hospital 

      Agyepong, Nicholas; Govinden, Usha; Owusu-Ofori, Alex; Amoako, Daniel Gyamfi; Allam, Mushal; Janice, Jessin; Pedersen, Torunn Annie; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Essack, Sabiha (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-23)
      <p><i>Objectives - </i>This study delineated the clonal lineages, antibiotic resistome and plasmid replicon types in multidrug-resistant <i>K. pneumoniae</i> isolates from a teaching hospital in Ghana. <p><i>Methods - </i>Identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing were done using the MALDI-TOF MS and Vitek-2 automated system. Genomic DNA extraction was carried out using the NucliSens ...
    • Design and Prestudy Assessment of a Dashboard for Presenting Self-Collected Health Data of Patients With Diabetes to Clinicians: Iterative Approach and Qualitative Case Study 

      Giordanengo, Alain; Årsand, Eirik; Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Bradway, Meghan; Grøttland, Astrid; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Granja, Conceição; Torsvik, Torbjørn; Hansen, Anne Helen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-09)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Introducing self-collected health data from patients with diabetes into consultation can be beneficial for both patients and clinicians. Such an initiative can allow patients to be more proactive in their disease management and clinicians to provide more tailored medical services. Optimally, electronic health record systems (EHRs) should be able to receive self-collected health ...
    • Integrating mental health into primary care in Arkhangelsk County, Russia: the Pomor model in psychiatry 

      Rezvy, Grigory; Andreeva, Elena; Ryzhkova, Nadezhda; Yashkovich, Vera; Sørlie, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-13)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Primary health care is still peripheral in the identification and treatment of mental health and substance use disorders in the Russian Federation. However, the development of primary health services has been given priority. A long-standing collaboration between Arkhangelsk County and northern Norway on mental health service development in Arkhangelsk has promoted the integration ...
    • Universal linguistic hierarchies are not innately wired. Evidence from multiple adjectives 

      Leivada, Evelina; Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-01)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Linguists and psychologists have explained the remarkable similarities in the orderings of linguistic elements across languages by suggesting that our inborn ability for language makes available certain innately wired primitives. Different types of adjectives, adverbs, and other elements in the functional spine are considered to occupy fixed positions via innate hierarchies ...
    • Loss of life years due to unavailable helicopter emergency medical service: a single base study from a rural area of Norway 

      Zakariassen, Erik; Østerås, Øyvind; Nystøyl, Dag Ståle; Breidablik, Hans Johan; Solheim, Eivind; Brattebø, Guttorm; Ellensen, Vegard Skalstad; Hoff, Jana Midelfart; Hordnes, Knut; Aksnes, Arne; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth; Hunskaar, Steinar; Hotvedt, Ragnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-29)
      <i>Background</i>: Despite the potential benefits of physician-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS), many dispatches to primary HEMS missions in Norway are cancelled before patient encounter. Information is sparse regarding the health consequences when medically indicated HEMS missions are cancelled and the patients are treated by a GP and ambulance staff only. We aimed to estimate ...
    • Glutamine to proline conversion is associated with response to glutaminase inhibition in breast cancer 

      Grinde, Maria Tunset; Hilmarsdòttir, Bylgja; Tunset, Hanna Maja; Henriksen, Ida Marie; Kim, Jana; Haugen, Mads Haugland; Rye, Morten Beck; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Moestue, Siver Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-14)
      <p><i>Introduction - </i>Glutaminase inhibitors target cancer cells by blocking the conversion of glutamine to glutamate, thereby potentially interfering with anaplerosis and synthesis of amino acids and glutathione. The drug CB-839 has shown promising effects in preclinical experiments and is currently undergoing clinical trials in several human malignancies, including triple-negative breast cancer ...
    • The dsDNA, Anti-dsDNA Antibody, and Lupus Nephritis: What We Agree on, What Must Be Done, and What the Best Strategy Forward Could Be 

      Rekvig, Ole Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-15)
      This study aims to understand what lupus nephritis is, its origin, clinical context, and its pathogenesis. Truly, we encounter many conceptual and immanent tribulations in our attempts to search for the pathogenesis of this disease—and how to explain its assumed link to SLE. Central in the present landscape stay a short history of the early studies that substantiated the structures of isolated or ...
    • De yngste barna som vegfarere i barnehagen 

      Sverdrup, Toril; Myrstad, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-04)
      Artikkelen fokuserer på de yngste barnas læringsprosesser gjennom deres involvering og engasjement med sosiale og fysiske omgivelser i barnehagen. Det løftes fram hvordan barnekropper i bevegelse er kilde for erkjennelse og læring. Som utgangspunkt for analysen har vi valgt to eksempler fra barns aktivitet i barnehagens uteområde. Forsker har vært tilstede som deltakende observatør, og inngått som ...
    • A new method of inferring the size, number density, and charge of mesospheric dust from its in situ collection by the DUSTY probe 

      Havnes, Ove; Antonsen, Tarjei; Baumgarten, Gerd; Hartquist, Thomas W.; Biebricher, Alexander; Fredriksen, Åshild; Friedrich, Martin; Hedin, Jonas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-15)
      <p>We present a new method of analyzing measurements of mesospheric dust made with DUSTY rocket-borne Faraday cup probes. It can yield the variation in fundamental dust parameters through a mesospheric cloud with an altitude resolution down to 10 cm or less if plasma probes give the plasma density variations with similar height resolution. A DUSTY probe was the first probe that unambiguously detected ...
    • Do Various Respirator Models Fit the Workers in the Norwegian Smelting Industry? 

      Føreland, Solveig; Robertsen, Øystein; Hegseth, Marit Nøst (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-19)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Respirator fit testing is a method to assess if the respirator provides an adequate face seal for the worker. <p><i>Methods - </i>Workers from four Norwegian smelters were invited to participate in the study, and 701 respirator fit tests were performed on 127 workers. Fourteen respirator models were included: one FFABE1P3 and 11 FFP3 respirator models produced in one size and ...