Now showing items 1-20 of 20580

    • Intermittent fluctuations due to Lorentzian pulses in turbulent thermal convection 

      Decristoforo, Gregor; Theodorsen, Audun; Garcia, Odd Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-03)
      Turbulent motions due to flux-driven thermal convection are investigated by numerical simulations and stochastic modeling. Tilting of convection cells leads to the formation of sheared flows and quasi-periodic relaxation oscillations for the energy integrals far from the threshold for linear instability. The probability density function for the temperature and radial velocity fluctuations in the ...
    • Blob interactions in 2D scrape-off layer simulations 

      Decristoforo, Gregor; Militello, Fulvio; Nicholas, Thomas; Omotani, John; Marsden, Chris; Walkden, Nick; Garcia, Odd Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-01)
      Interaction of coherent structures known as blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetically confined plasmas is investigated. Isolated and interacting seeded blobs, as well as full plasma turbulence, are studied by two-dimensional numerical simulations. The features of the blobs (position, size, amplitude) are determined with a blob tracking algorithm, which identifies them as coherent structures with ...
    • Feeding ecology and interactions of invasive vendace and DR whitefish in the Pasvik watercourse 

      Høstmark, Malin Solheim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-02-15)
      Introductions and invasions of species outside their natural range can have devastating effects on the native species and be a major driver of biodiversity change. When the zooplanktivorous vendace invaded the Pasvik watercourse in the 1990s, it quickly took over the ecological role of the native DR whitefish. In the upper part of the watercourse, DR whitefish was displaced from the pelagic habitat ...
    • Gastrointestinal nematodes in Icelandic reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) 

      Dembereldagva, Selengemurun (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-01-18)
      Reindeer (<i>Rangifer tarandus</i>) are host to gastrointestinal-tract nematodes (GINs) throughout the world. Some populations of reindeer exist in almost complete isolation from others, and this can have a key influence on the species and infection rates of GINs. An example of an isolated reindeer population occurs in Iceland. In this study, I have investigated the prevalence of GINs in Icelandic ...
    • OPS som ny standardkontrakt Avdekket behov eller konstruert sannhet 

      Sundsvalen, Åse Johnsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-12-15)
      Oppgaven tar for seg OPS-modellen og skal redegjøres for hvorvidt det foreligger et behov for en ny standardkontrakt. Det vil herunder tas utgangspunkt i faktiske eksempler fra næringslivet i Norge, men også den danse utviklingen innenfor OPS-prosjektene.
    • A Review of the Legal Framework Governing Shipping’s Contributions to Ocean Acidification 

      Zaheri, Maryam (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-11-19)
      This thesis is going to analyse the legal framework governing shipping’s contributions to ocean acidification and its effects on the marine environment. Meanwhile, the phenomenon of ocean acidification is emerging, the United Nation Convention on Law of the Sea (LOSC) as a main legal framework does not directly mention the acidification of the oceans by ships, the lack of legal studies in this area ...
    • Oppdragervold – den nedre grensen for straffansvar etter straffeloven § 282 første ledd bokstav b, d og e 

      Kanagaratnam, Keerthiga (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-03)
      Tema for denne avhandlingen er straffeloven § 282 om mishandling i nære relasjoner. Nærmere bestemt rettes fokus mot hvordan straffeloven § 282 om mishandling i nære relasjoner kan anvendes i forbindelse med oppdragervold. Avhandlingen har som siktemål å klarlegge den nedre grensen for når reaksjoner og irettesettelse av barn i oppdragelsesøyemed går over til oppdragervold, som rammes av bestemmelsen ...
    • Pliktsystemet innenfor trålfiskeriene. En analyse med et forvaltningsrettslig perspektiv med fokus på kommunenes rettslige posisjon 

      Larsen, Henrik Seppola (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-03)
      Oppgaven tar utgangspunkt Meld. St. 10 hvor regjeringen ønsker å øke verdiskapningen innenfor sjømatindustrien. Ved stortingsmeldningen utfordrer Regjeringen et etablert fiskeriregime som har vedvart i flere tiår. Spørsmålet er om kystkommunene som nyter godt av pliktsystemet har noen rettslige grunnlag som kan hindre oppmykningen av pliktsystemet.
    • Vern av forretningshemmeligheter i sivil tvist - I hvilken grad ivaretar tvisteloven bedrifters behov for beskyttelse av forretningshemmeligheter ved behandlingen av sivile rettstvister? 

      Nygård, Signy Theresa (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-03)
      Forretningshemmeligheter oppnår beskyttelse ved hemmelighold. Hemmelighold kan være problematisk dersom opplysningene kreves fremlagt som bevis i sivil tvist. Oppgaven undersøker hvilken beskyttelse tvisteloven § 22-10 gir en bedrifts forretningshemmeligheter.
    • The influence of lifestyle on peak bone mass in Norwegian boys and girls between 15-19 years of age. The Tromsø study, Fit Futures 

      Nilsen, Ole Andreas (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-05-28)
      <p>Background: Osteoporotic fractures constitute a major health- and economic burden worldwide and because of an aging population the burden is estimated to rise. The individual consequences of fractures are severe. Norway has one of the highest fracture incidences in the world. The etiology of fracture risk at old age is less optimal bone mass accumulation in childhood and adolescence, rapid ...
    • EDMON - Electronic Disease Surveillance and Monitoring Network: A Personalized Health Model-based Digital Infectious Disease Detection Mechanism using Self-Recorded Data from People with Type 1 Diabetes 

      Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-05-28)
      Through time, we as a society have been tested with infectious disease outbreaks of different magnitude, which often pose major public health challenges. To mitigate the challenges, research endeavors have been focused on early detection mechanisms through identifying potential data sources, mode of data collection and transmission, case and outbreak detection methods. Driven by the ubiquitous nature ...
    • Prediction of unfavorable outcome in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and assessment of the long-term outcomes in JIA-associated uveitis – A prospective Nordic multicenter study of JIA from childhood to adulthood 

      Rypdal, Veronika Gjertsen (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-05-21)
      Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic childhood disease with joint inflammation as the main feature. The course and outcomes are heterogeneous with a large span in disease severity. There is increasing evidence that early aggressive treatment may modify the disease course in JIA. Precise determination of disease prognosis is therefore sought to guide early decisions on which children need ...
    • En studie av hva intensivsykepleierne forstår med kunnskapsbasert praksis, og hva det betyr for dem i deres arbeidshverdag 

      Aga, Trine Amundsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-04)
      Det er et økt krav fra myndighetene om å jobbe kunnskapsbasert i klinisk praksis og det er et stort fokus på implementering av kunnskapsbasert praksis (KBP) i helse- og omsorgsfagene. Å jobbe kunnskapsbasert å ta faglige avgjørelser som er basert på en systematisk innhenting av forskningsbasert kunnskap, erfaringsbasert kunnskap og pasientens egne ønsker og behov i situasjonen. Hensikten med studien ...
    • Dyes in Disguise: characterization of fluorescently labeled liposomes 

      Cauzzo, Jennifer; Nystad, Mona; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Basnet, Purusotam; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-09)
      The rather limited success of translation from basic research to clinical application has been highlighted as a major issue in the nanomedicine field. To identify the factors influencing the applicability of nanosystems as drug carriers and potential nanomedicine, we focused on following their fate through fluorescence-based assays, namely flow cytometry and imaging. These methods are often used to ...
    • Computational and experimental insights into asymmetric Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation with CO2 

      Pavlovic, Ljiljana; Pettersen, Martin; Gevorgyan, Ashot; Vaitla, Janakiram; Bayer, Annette; Hopmann, Kathrin Helen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-18)
      The asymmetric Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation of α,β‐unsaturated carbonyl compounds was originally developed by Mikami and co‐workers but gives only moderate enantiomeric excesses. In order to understand the factors controlling the enantioselectivity and to propose novel ligands for this reaction, we have used computational and experimental methods to study the Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation with ...
    • Snow and Ice Thickness Retrievals Using GNSS-R: Preliminary Results of the MOSAiC Experiment 

      Munoz-Martin, Joan Francesc; Perez, Adrian; Camps, Adriano; Ribó, Serni; Cardellach, Estel; Stroeve, Julienne; Nandan, Vishnu; Itkin, Polona; Tonboe, Rasmus; Hendricks, Stefan; Huntemann, Marcus; Spreen, Gunnar; Pastena, Massimiliano (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
      The FSSCat mission was the 2017 ESA Sentinel Small Satellite (S⌃3) Challenge winner and the Copernicus Masters competition overall winner. It was successfully launched on 3 September 2020 onboard the VEGA SSMS PoC (VV16). FSSCat aims to provide coarse and downscaled soil moisture data and over polar regions, sea ice cover, and coarse resolution ice thickness using a combined L-band microwave radiometer ...
    • Kan unger, tomsinger og gærninger straffes? En oppsummering og perspektivering av tilregnelighetsvilkårene 

      Olsen, Lone-Mari Sørnes (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-04)
      Avhandlingen tar gjennom sin problemstilling sikte på å gi en oppsummering og perspektivering av tilregnelighetsvilkårene etter dagens tilregnelighetslære. Spørsmålet om strafferettslig tilregnelighet er komplisert og preges av uklarheter, og avhandlingen har derfor dette temaet som utgangspunkt for sin problemstilling. På grunn av problemstillingens art, behandles sentrale spørsmål ved hjelp av ...
    • Rapid temperature rise may have triggered glacier surges all over Svalbard 

      Schytt Holmlund, Erik (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-04)
      Observational and geomorphological records suggest that most glaciers on Svalbard reached their maximum Little Ice Age extents by means of surging. Furthermore, it seems to have happened within just a few decades, suggesting that the rapid concurrent changes in climate might have triggered this widespread surging. The specific precipitation and temperature range of Svalbard seems optimal for glacier ...
    • Adgangen til å pålegge vrakfjerning i norsk territorialfarvann: Det tosporede system ved gjennomføring av vrakfjerningskonvensjonen i norsk rett. 

      Ekhorn, Miriam Landsem (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-03)
      Avhandlingens tema er adgangen til å pålegge fjerning av skipsvrak i norsk territorialfarvann. Norge har nylig ratifisert Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, som i hovedsak skal implementeres i norsk rett gjennom nye regler i sjøloven. Ved gjennomføringen av konvensjonen er det planlagt et tosporet system, hvilket innebærer at konvensjonsreglene og allerede gjeldende norske ...
    • Health, Social, and Lifestyle Factors Related to Combined Alcohol and Sleep Problems: Investigating Risks of Chronic Pain, Welfare Benefits, Divorce, Smoking, and Low Physical Activity in Relation to Alcohol and Sleep Problems 

      Storvik, Mia Caroline (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-05-02)
      The purpose of the study was to uncover whether there are increased risks associated to having combined alcohol and sleep problems in association to health, social, and lifestyle factors. This in comparison to having either alcohol and sleep problems, as opposed to having neither alcohol nor sleep problems. This study investigates potential risks in association to chronic pain, reception of welfare ...