Viser treff 1-20 av 14527

    • Challenges in global Indigenous-Disability comparative research, or, why nation-state political histories matter 

      Soldatic, Karen; Melbøe, Line; Kermit, Patrick Stefan; Somers, Kelly (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Globally, Indigenous people, also known as First Peoples, have the poorest health outcomes of all population groups, resulting in significantly higher rates of chronic disease, ill-health, and disability. Recent research strongly suggests that Australian First Peoples and the Sami peoples of the Nordic region are positioned at opposite ends of the disability–health spectrum. Australia’s First Peoples, ...
    • Quaternary interaction of cryospheric and oceanographic processes along the central-east Greenland margin 

      Perez, Lara F.; Nielsen, Tove; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Winsborrow, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-16)
      The east Greenland margin has been influenced by oceanographic and cryospheric processes since the late Miocene, when the southwards flow of the East Greenland Current (EGC) initiated and ice sheets first advanced across the margin. However, the relative importance of these processes, and their influence on the sedimentation of the margin through time remains poorly understood. High‐resolution ...
    • Low levels of immunoglobulins and mannose-binding lectin are not associated with etiology, severity, or outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Skattum, Lillemor; Bosnes, Vidar; Garred, Peter; Frøland, Stig Sophus; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-05)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Disease severity and outcome in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) depend on the host and on the challenge of the causal microorganism(s). We measured levels of immunoglobulins (Igs) and complement in 257 hospitalized adults with CAP and examined the association of low levels of Igs or complement to microbial etiology, disease severity, and short-term and long-term ...
    • Outlier classification using autoencoders: Application for fluctuation driven flows in fusion plasmas 

      Kube, Ralph; Bianchi, Filippo Maria; LaBombard, Brian; Brunner, Dan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-16)
      Understanding the statistics of fluctuation driven flows in the boundary layer of magnetically confined plasmas is desired to accurately model the lifetime of the vacuum vessel components. Mirror Langmuir probes (MLPs) are a novel diagnostic that uniquely allow us to sample the plasma parameters on a time scale shorter than the characteristic time scale of their fluctuations. Sudden large-amplitude ...
    • Stereotype threat-effects for Turkish-origin migrants in Germany: Taking stock of cumulative research evidence 

      Froehlich, Laura; Mok, Sog Yee; Martiny, Sarah E.; Deaux, Kay (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-24)
      Turkish-origin migrants on average show lower academic performance than Germans. This achievement gap cannot be fully explained by socio-economic differences between the groups. Negative competence stereotypes about Turkish-origin students predict the causal attributions that German preservice teachers make for migrants’ academic underperformance. Specifically, the more strongly preservice teachers ...
    • Statistical properties of the plasma fluctuations and turbulent cross-field fluxes in the outboard mid-plane scrape-off layer of Alcator C-Mod 

      Kube, Ralph; Garcia, Odd Erik; Theodorsen, Audun; Kuang, Adam; LaBombard, Brian; Terry, Jim L.; Brunner, Dan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-29)
      The Alcator C-Mod mirror Langmuir probe diagnostic is used to characterize plasma fluctuations in the outboard mid-plane scrape-off layer (SOL). Ohmically heated L-mode plasmas with Greenwald fractions from 0.1 to 0.45 are analyzed. In plasmas with a low line-averaged core density, the radial profiles of the average electron density and temperature feature a two-scale structure with a strong gradient ...
    • Effect of requiring a general practitioner at scenes of serious injury: A systematic review 

      Straumann, Gyri Synnøve Hval; Austvoll-Dahlgren, Astrid; Holte, Hilde H; Wisborg, Torben (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-05)
      <p><i>Background - </i>In Norway, each municipality is responsible for providing first line emergency healthcare, and it is mandatory to have a primary care physician/general practitioner on call continuously. This mandate ensures that a physician can assist patients and ambulance personnel at the site of severe injuries or illnesses. The compulsory presence of the general practitioner at the scene ...
    • The significance of cultural norms and clinical logics for the perception of possible relapse in rural Northern Norway – sensing symptoms of cancer 

      Skowronski, Magdalena; Risør, Mette Bech; Foss, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-31)
      Little is known about the process from experiencing indeterminate bodily sensations to perceiving them as possible symptoms of cancer relapse. We explore how such processes are related to local values and to clinical practice in rural Northern Norway. One-year ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a coastal village involving ten key participants residing in the village who had undergone cancer ...
    • Following a long-distance classical race the whole-body kinematics of double poling by elite cross-country skiers are altered 

      Zoppirolli, Chiara; Bortolan, Lorenzo; Stella, Federico; Boccia, Gennaro; Holmberg, Hans-Christer; Schena, Federico; Pellegrini, Barbara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-25)
      Introduction: <br>Although short-term (approximately 10-min) fatiguing DP has been reported not to alter the joint kinematics or displacement of the centre of mass (COM) of high-level skiers, we hypothesize that prolonged DP does change these kinematics, since muscular strength is impaired following endurance events lasting longer than 2 h. <br>Methods:<br> During the 58-km Marcialonga race ...
    • Modelling persistent methane seepage offshore western Svalbard since early Pleistocene 

      Knies, Jochen; Daszinnies, Matthias Christian; Plaza-Faverola, Andreia; Chand, Shyam; Sylta, Øyvind; Bünz, Stefan; Johnson, Joel E; Mattingsdal, Rune; Mienert, Jurgen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-31)
      Recent observations of extensive methane release into the oceans and atmosphere have raised concern as to whether rising temperatures across the Arctic could drive rapid destabilization of gas hydrate reservoirs. Here, we report modelling results from hydrate-modulated methane seepage from Vestnesa Ridge, offshore western Svalbard, suggesting that continuous leakage has occurred from the seafloor ...
    • Subliminal priming og betinging av kunstige stereotyper 

      Brandt, Kai Erik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-09)
      En hyppig brukt metode for å studere subliminale fenomener er det maskerte primings-paradigmet. Tidligere studier med dette paradigmet har vist at subliminal priming og betinging har en effekt, men det er likevel uklarheter knyttet til ulike modererende faktorer. Slike modererende faktorer kan for eksempel være forsøksdeltakeres holdninger mot en stimulus eller det kan også være av mer teknisk art ...
    • An assessment of biomarker-based multivariate classification methods versus the PIP25 index for paleo Arctic sea ice reconstruction 

      Koseoglu, Denizcan; Belt, Simon T.; Husum, Katrine; Knies, Jochen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-30)
      The development of various combinative methods for Arctic sea ice reconstruction using the sympagic highly-branched isoprenoid (HBI) IP<sub>25</sub> in conjunction with pelagic biomarkers has often facilitated more detailed descriptions of sea ice conditions than using IP<sub>25</sub> alone. Here, we investigated the application of the Phytoplankton-IP<sub>25</sub> index (PIP<sub>25</sub>) and a ...
    • Prevention of anxiety and depression in school children: Effectiveness of the transdiagnostic EMOTION program 

      Martinsen, Kristin Dagmar; Rasmussen, Lene-Mari Potulski; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Holen, Solveig; Sund, Anne Mari; Løvaas, Mona Elisabeth S; Patras, Joshua; Kendall, Philip C; Waaktaar, Trine; Neumer, Simon-Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      <i>Objective</i>: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).<p> <p><i>Method</i>: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. ...
    • Biogenic silica production and diatom dynamics in the Svalbard region during spring 

      Krause, J. W.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Marquez, I. A.; Assmy, Phillipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Wiedmann, Ingrid; Wassmann, Paul; Kristiansen, Svein; Agusti, Susana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-06)
      Diatoms are generally the dominant contributors to the Arctic Ocean spring bloom, which is a key event in regional food webs in terms of capacity for secondary production and organic matter export. Dissolved silicic acid is an obligate nutrient for diatoms and has been declining in the European Arctic since the early 1990s. The lack of regional silicon cycling information precludes understanding the ...
    • In search of a common currency: A comparison of seven EQ‐5D‐5L value sets 

      Olsen, Jan Abel; Lamu, Admassu Nadew; Cairns, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-24)
      The recently published EQ‐5D‐5L value sets from Canada, England, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Spain, and Uruguay are compared with an aim to identify any similarities in preference pattern. We identify some striking similarities for Canada, England, the Netherlands, and Spain in terms of (a) the relative importance of the 5 dimensions; (b) the relative utility decrements across the 5 levels; and ...
    • Live-cell imaging of human spermatozoa using structured illumination microscopy 

      Opstad, Ida Sundvor; Popova, Daria; Acharya, Ganesh; Basnet, Purusotam; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-05)
      Structural details of spermatozoa are interesting from the perspectives of fundamental biology and growing reproductive health problems. Studies of nanostructural details of these extremely motile cells have been limited to fixed cells, largely using electron microscopy. Here we provide the protocols for and demonstrate live-cell multi-color super-resolution imaging of human spermatozoa using ...
    • Teamwork in primary palliative care: general practitioners’ and specialised oncology nurses’ complementary competencies 

      Johansen, May-Lill; Ervik, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-21)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Generalists such as general practitioners and district nurses have been the main actors in community palliative care in Norway. Specialised oncology nurses with postgraduate palliative training are increasingly becoming involved. There is little research on their contribution. This study explores how general practitioners (GPs) and oncology nurses (ONs) experience their ...
    • Patterns of detectable viraemia among children and adults with HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe 

      Sovershaeva, Evgeniya; Shamu, Tinei; Wilsgaard, Tom; Bandason, Tsitsi; Flægstad, Trond; Katzenstein, David; Ferrand, Rashida A.; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-31)
      <i>Objective</i>: To investigate the incidence and predictors of viraemia among individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Harare, Zimbabwe.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Children (0–19 years) and adults (>19 years) starting ART between 2013 and 2015 were followed for a median of 2.8 and 2.7 years, respectively. The incidence rates of virological failure (VF), low-level viraemia (LLV), and viral ...
    • Functional roles and redundancy of demersal Barents Sea fish: Ecological implications of environmental change 

      Aune, Magnus; Aschan, Michaela; Greenacre, Michael; Dolgov, Andrey V.; Fossheim, Maria; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-21)
      When facing environmental change and intensified anthropogenic impact on marine ecosystems, extensive knowledge of how these systems are functioning is required in order to manage them properly. However, in high-latitude ecosystems, where climate change is expected to have substantial ecological impact, the ecosystem functions of biological species have received little attention, partly due to the ...
    • External damage to trawl-caught Northeast arctic cod (Gadus morhua): Effect of codend design 

      Tveit, Guro Møen; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Herrmann, Bent; Brinkhof, Jesse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-22)
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of external damage (gear marks, pressure injuries, ecchymosis and skin abrasion) present on trawl-caught cod (Gadus morhua) and to examine whether the extent of damage could be reduced by introducing changes in the gear. We tested whether changing the 2-panel knotted codend used by the Norwegian trawler fleet operating in the Barents Sea today ...