Now showing items 1-20 of 15388

    • Trading off co-produced marine ecosystem services: Natural resource industries versus other use and non-use ecosystem service values 

      Aanesen, Margrethe; Armstrong, Claire W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-22)
      Ecosystem services (ESs) may be both non-market and market based. Both may provide important input to societal welfare. Using natural resources, or converting nature in the development of market based ES may impact the access to non-market or more conservationist ES, and vice versa. How does the general public trade-off between these two types of ES? We use two valuation studies in Northern Norway ...
    • Expert Assessment of Risks Posed by Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activities to Ecosystem Services in the Deep North Atlantic 

      Armstrong, Claire W.; Vondolia, Godwin Kofi; Foley, Naomi; Henry, Lea-Anne; Needham, Katherine; Ressurreição, Adriana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-24)
      Sustainable development of the ocean is a central policy objective in Europe through the Blue Growth Strategy and globally through parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Achieving sustainable exploitation of deep sea resources is challenged due to the huge uncertainty around the many risks posed by human activities on these remote ecosystems and the goods and services they provide. We ...
    • Learning to face global food challenges through tourism experiences 

      Bertella, Giovanna; Vidmar, Benjamin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-26)
      <i>Purpose</i> – The purpose of this paper is to provoke reflections on the potential contribution of food tourism experiences to achieving the sustainable development goals for eradicating hunger and malnutrition.<p> <p><i>Design/methodology/approach</i> – In line with the creative analytic practice in scientific inquiry, this study develops and discusses a futuristic scenario inspired by a ...
    • Use of Electronic Health and Its Impact on Doctor-Visiting Decisions Among People With Diabetes: Cross-Sectional Study 

      Hansen, Anne Helen; Claudi, Tor; Årsand, Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-26)
      <i>Background</i>: Despite the increasing prevalence of diabetes and increasing use of electronic health (eHealth) among people with diabetes, little is known about the association between the use of eHealth and the use of provider-based health services.<p> <p><i>Objective</i>: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the use of eHealth might change patients’ decisions regarding ...
    • Community-Working Occupational Therapists Serving as Fieldwork Supervisors: Characteristics and Associated Factors 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Dolva, Anne-Stine; Horghagen, Sissel; Sveen, Unni; Hagby, Cathrine; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-15)
      As enrollment numbers grow in occupational therapy academic programs in Norway, the need for more fieldwork placements and supervisors increases. More knowledge about factors of importance for occupational therapists’ decisions to take on the role of fieldwork supervisor may promote easier access to supervisors who are ready for the task, and it may assist in addressing the barriers for those who ...
    • Isolation and Charecterization of New secondary metabolites from the Arctic Bryozoans Securiflustra securifrons and Dendrobeania murrayana 

      Michael Siranjeevi, Raja Priyanka Mary (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2019-08-30)
      Marine bryozoans is a prolific source of structurally diverse bioactive secondary metabolites. However, the total number of natural products isolated from marine bryozoans is limited, The present study was focused on isolation and characterization of new compounds from Arctic marine bryozoans. The novel compounds were isolated by using two different approaches. For bioassay-guided isolation, fractions ...
    • Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus) stomach contents and stable isotope values reveal an ontogenetic dietary shift 

      Nielsen, Julius; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou; Grønkjær, Peter; Bushnell, Peter G.; Steffensen, John Fleng; Kiilerich, Helene O.; Præbel, Kim; Hedeholm, Rasmus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-04)
      Current knowledge on the feeding ecology of the Greenland shark (<i>Somniosus microcephalus</i>), a potential top predator in arctic marine ecosystems, is based on small sample sizes as well as narrow size ranges of sharks. Therefore, potential size-related feeding patterns remain poorly documented. Using stomach content data (<i>N</i> = 88) and stable isotope values of white muscle tissue (<i>N</i> ...
    • Differences in emotional and pain-related language in tweets about dentists and medical doctors: Text-analysis of Twitter content 

      Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset; Eggesvik, Trude Benedikte; Rørvik, Thea Heyerdahl; Hansen, Miriam Wöhlert; Wynn, Rolf; Kummervold, Per Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-06)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Social media provides people with easy ways to communicate their attitudes and feelings to a wide audience. Many people, unfortunately, have negative associations and feelings about dental treatment due to former painful experiences. Previous research indicates that there might be a pervasive and negative occupational stereotype related to dentists and that this stereotype is ...
    • Innovative Forms of Citizen Participation at the Fringe of the Formal Planning System 

      Nyseth, Torill; Ringholm, Toril Merete; Agger, Annika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-24)
      In the Nordic countries, we are witnessing a proliferation of novel and more experimental ways of citizen and authority interaction within the field of urban planning and governance. These formats are seen in urban regeneration projects and planning experiments that endorse more inclusive interactions between public authorities and local actors than in the traditional formal hearings. The intention ...
    • Dead or Alive; or Does It Really Matter? Level of Congruency Between Trophic Modes in Total and Active Fungal Communities in High Arctic Soil 

      Wutkowska, Magdalena; Vader, Anna; Mundra, Sunil; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Eidesen, Pernille Bronken (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
      Describing dynamics of belowground organisms, such as fungi, can be challenging. Results of studies based on environmental DNA (eDNA) may be biased as the template does not discriminate between metabolically active cells and dead biomass. We analyzed ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) coextracted from 48 soil samples collected from a manipulated snow depth experiment in two distinct ...
    • A red tide in the pack ice of the Arctic Ocean 

      Olsen, Lasse Mork; Duarte, Pedro; Peralta-Ferriz, Cecilia; Kauko, Hanna Maria; Johansson, Malin; Peeken, Ilka; Różańska-Pluta, Magdalena; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Jozef; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Hop, Haakon; Assmy, Phillipp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-02)
      In the Arctic Ocean ice algae constitute a key ecosystem component and the ice algal spring bloom a critical event in the annual production cycle. The bulk of ice algal biomass is usually found in the bottom few cm of the sea ice and dominated by pennate diatoms attached to the ice matrix. Here we report a red tide of the phototrophic ciliate <i>Mesodinium rubrum</i> located at the ice-water interface ...
    • A 160,000-year-old history of tectonically controlled methane seepage in the Arctic 

      Himmler, Tobias; Sahy, Diana; Martma, Tõnu; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Plaza-Faverola, Andreia; Bünz, Stefan; Condon, Daniel J.; Knies, Jochen; Lepland, Aivo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-07)
      The geological factors controlling gas release from Arctic deep-water gas reservoirs through seabed methane seeps are poorly constrained. This is partly due to limited data on the precise chronology of past methane emission episodes. Here, we use uranium-thorium dating of seep carbonates sampled from the seabed and from cores drilled at the Vestnesa Ridge, off West Svalbard (79°N, ~1200 m water ...
    • In Silico Methods for the Discovery of Orthosteric GABAB Receptor Compounds 

      Evenseth, Linn; Warszycki, Dawid; Bojarski, Andrzej J; Gabrielsen, Mari; Sylte, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-07)
      The GABA<sub>B</sub> receptor (GABA<sub>B</sub>-R) is a heterodimeric class C G protein-coupled receptor comprised of the GABA<sub>B1a/b</sub> and GABA<sub>B2</sub> subunits. The endogenous orthosteric agonist γ-amino-butyric acid (GABA) binds within the extracellular Venus flytrap (VFT) domain of the GABA<sub>B1a/b</sub> subunit. The receptor is associated with numerous neurological and ...
    • Is Full-autonomy the Way to Go Towards Maximizing the Ocean Potentials? 

      Zghyer, Rami; Ostnes, Runar; Halse, Karl Henning (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03)
      Growth prospects for ocean economy are promising because ocean industries are addressing challenges such as food security, energy security and climate change. However, safety and efficiency are the general challenges of ocean operations. Increased automation is believed to solve these problems. This paper discusses the impact of automation on safety and efficiency. A literature review of ‘Human ...
    • Improved CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing by fluorescence activated cell sorting of green fluorescence protein tagged protoplasts 

      Petersen, Bent Larsen; Möller, Svenning Rune; Mravec, Jozef; Jørgensen, Bodil; Christensen, Mikkel; Liu, Ying; Wandall, Hans H.; Bennett, Eric Paul; Yang, Zhang (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-17)
      <i>Background</i>: CRISPR/Cas9 is widely used for precise genetic editing in various organisms. CRISPR/Cas9 editing may in many plants be hampered by the presence of complex and high ploidy genomes and inefficient or poorly controlled delivery of the CRISPR/Cas9 components to gamete cells or cells with regenerative potential. Optimized strategies and methods to overcome these challenges are ...
    • Efficient sampling for ecosystem service supply assessment at a landscape scale 

      Murguzur, Francisco Javier Ancin; Munoz, Lorena; Monz, Christopher; Fauchald, Per; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-19)
      Decision makers and stakeholders need high-quality data to manage ecosystem services (ES) efficiently. Landscape-level data on ES that are of sufficient quality to identify spatial tradeoffs, co-occurrence and hotspots of ES are costly to collect, and it is therefore important to increase the efficiency of sampling of primary data. We demonstrate how ES could be assessed more efficiently through ...
    • Identification of Children of Parents With Mental Illness: A Necessity to Provide Relevant Support 

      Reedtz, Charlotte; Lauritzen, Camilla; Stover, Ylva; Freili, Janita; Rognmo, Kamilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
      <p><i>Background - </i>The main objective of this study was to identify and describe core life circumstances of children with mentally ill parents (COPMI) and their parents. Knowledge about COPMI aged 0–17 years is necessary, as assessment of the risk and protective factors in their lives provide solid background for preventive interventions. <p><i>Methods - </i>Participants (<i>N</i> = 422) were ...
    • High lactose whey cheese consumption and risk of colorectal cancer - The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study 

      Barnung, Runa Borgund; Jareid, Mie; Lukic, Marko; Oyeyemi, Sunday Oluwafemi; Rudolfsen, Jan Håkon; Sovershaeva, Evgeniya; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-22)
      The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has increased among Norwegian women, and is among the highest in the world. In order to understand this increase, country specific dietary exposures have been investigated. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between consumption of brown cheese, a common bread topping in Norway, and colorectal, colon, and rectal cancer in the prospective ...
    • A systematic review of quality of life research in medicine and health sciences 

      Haraldstad, Kristin; Wahl, Astrid Klopstad; Andenæs, Randi; Andersen, John Roger; Andersen, Marit Helen; Beisland, Elisabeth Grov; Borge, Christine Råheim; Engebretsen, Eivind; Eisemann, Martin; Halvorsrud, Liv Torill; Hanssen, Tove Aminda; Haugstvedt, Anne; Haugland, Trude; Johansen, Venke A; Larsen, Marie Hamilton; Løvereide, Lise; Løyland, Borghild; Kvarme, Lisbeth Gravdal; Moons, P; Norekvål, Tone M.; Ribu, Lis; Rohde, Gudrun E.; Urstad, Kristin Hjorthaug; Helseth, Sølvi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-11)
      <i>Purpose</i>: Quality of life (QOL) is an important concept in the feld of health and medicine. QOL is a complex concept that is interpreted and defned diferently within and between disciplines, including the felds of health and medicine. The aims of this study were to systematically review the literature on QOL in medicine and health research and to describe the country of origin, target groups, ...
    • Homogeneous integrable Legendrian contact structures in dimension five 

      Doubrov, Boris; Medvedev, Alexandr; The, Dennis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-04)
      We consider Legendrian contact structures on odd-dimensional complex analytic manifolds. We are particularly interested in integrable structures, which can be encoded by compatible complete systems of second order PDEs on a scalar function of many independent variables and considered up to point transformations. Using the techniques of parabolic differential geometry, we compute the associated ...