Recent additions

  • Relaxation techniques as an intervention for chronic pain: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials 

    Vambheim, Sara Magelssen; Kyllo, Tonje; Hegland, Sanne; Bystad, Martin Kragnes (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-20)
    Chronic pain increases the risk of sleep disturbances, depression and disability. Even though medical treatments have limited value, the use of prescription-based analgesics have increased over the recent years. It is therefore important to evaluate the effect of non-pharmacological treatments. A systematic search for studies evaluating the effect of relaxation techniques on chronic pain was ...
  • Study Habits and Procrastination: The Role of Academic Self-Efficacy 

    Svartdal, Frode; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Dahl, Tove I.; Nemtcan, Efim; Gamst-Klaussen, Thor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-03)
    Inefficient study skills increase the probability that study work is perceived as difficult and aversive, with procrastination as a likely result. As a remedy, more effective study skills and habits may be encouraged. However, research indicates that good study skills and habits may not by themselves be sufficient to remedy problems, as this relationship may be mediated by efficacy beliefs related ...
  • Protein Appetite Drives Macronutrient-Related Differences in Ventral Tegmental Area Neural Activity 

    Chiacchierini, Giulia; Naneix, Fabien; Peters, Kate Z; Aspergis-Schoute, John; Snoeren, Eelke; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-09)
    Control of protein intake is essential for numerous biological processes as several amino acids cannot be synthesized de novo, however, its neurobiological substrates are still poorly understood. In the present study, we combined in vivo fiber photometry with nutrient-conditioned flavor in a rat model of protein appetite to record neuronal activity in the VTA, a central brain region for the control ...
  • Assessing a Sensory-Motor-Cognition Triad in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment With Dichotic Listening While Walking: A Dual-Task Paradigm 

    Gorecka, Marta Maria; Vasylenko, Olena; Waterloo, Knut; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-12)
    A contemporary topic in aging research relates to the significance of cognitive changes proper to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to higher risk of falls and gait deteriorations. The present study addresses this question in the amnestic type of MCI (aMCI) by examining a triad of interrelated comorbidities occurring in the MCI condition: attentional impairments, hearing loss and gait disturbances. ...
  • Age-related differences in self-report and objective measures of cognitive function in older patients prior to chemotherapy 

    Utne, Inger; Løyland, Borghild; Grov, Ellen Karine; Rasmussen, Hege Lund; Torstveit, Ann Helen; Paul, Steven M.; Lindemann, Kristina Yvonne Kathe; Vistad, Ingvild; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia; Miaskowski, Christine; Ritchie, Christine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-08)
    Aim: Evaluate for differences in demographic and clinical characteristics and subjective and objective measures of cognitive function (CF) between younger older adults (YOA, 60–69 years) and older adults (OA, ≥70 years). Design: Cross-sectional.<p> <p>Methods: Older oncology patients (n = 139) completed subjective (Attentional Function Index, European Organization for the Research and Treatment ...
  • "Eksistensiell omsorg" i bachelorutdanningen i sykepleie - En dokumentanalyse 

    Tornøe, Kirsten; Hillestad, Adelheid Hummelvoll; Breistig, Sigrund; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Sørlie, Venke; Hegertun, Rigmor; Eriksen, Liss Trine; Bakland, Maria; Prause, Daniel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-22)
    Bakgrunn: Sykepleiere møter pasienter der kunnskaper og ferdigheter innen eksistensiell omsorg kan utgjøre en stor forskjell i hvordan pasientene håndterer eksistensielle utfordringer. Både helse- og utdanningsmyndigheter har klare forventninger om at sykepleiere har den nødvendige kompetansen til å ivareta pasientenes eksistensielle behov. En viktig forutsetning er da at undervisningstilbudet ved ...
  • How romantic relationships affect individual career goal attainment: A transactive goal dynamics perspective 

    Kornblum, Angelika; Unger, Dana; Grote, Gudela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-11)
    Despite the importance of career goals for career self-management, we know little about the self-regulatory processes underlying career goal attainment. In this study, we draw on transactive goal dynamics theory to investigate whether and how romantic relationships impact career goal attainment. For testing our research model, we focused on the career goal of being successful in a political election, ...
  • Spared performance but increased uncertainty in schizophrenia: Evidence from a probabilistic decision-making task 

    Kreis, Isabel Viola; Zhang, Lei; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021)
    Aberrant attribution of salience to in fact little informative events might explain the emergence of positive symptoms in schizophrenia and has been linked to belief uncertainty. Uncertainty is thought to be encoded by neuromodulators, including norepinephrine. However, norepinephrinergic encoding of uncertainty, measured as task-related pupil dilation, has rarely been explored in schizophrenia. ...
  • Cutoff criteria for the placebo response: a cluster and machine learning analysis of placebo analgesia. 

    Aslaksen, Per M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-28)
    Computations of placebo effects are essential in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for separating the specific effects of treatments from unspecific effects associated with the therapeutic intervention. Thus, the identification of placebo responders is important for testing the efficacy of treatments and drugs. The present study uses data from an experimental study on placebo analgesia to suggest ...
  • Here, there, and everywhere: Applying vignettes to investigate appraisals of job demands 

    Langseth-Eide, Benedicte; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-21)
    The job characteristics literature has revealed that job demands can be differentiated into hindrance and challenge demands. However, there has been little consensus on this categorization. Additionally, studies have revealed that job demands can be perceived as hindering and challenging at the same time. The present study aims to bring nuance to this topic by investigating two job demands (i.e., ...
  • Substituting facial movements in singers changes the sounds of musical intervals 

    Laeng, Bruno; Kuyateh, Sarjo; Kelkar, Tejaswinee (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-17)
    Cross-modal integration is ubiquitous within perception and, in humans, the McGurk effect demonstrates that seeing a person articulating speech can change what we hear into a new auditory percept. It remains unclear whether cross-modal integration of sight and sound generalizes to other visible vocal articulations like those made by singers. We surmise that perceptual integrative effects should ...
  • Cerebrospinal fluid markers for synaptic function and Alzheimer type changes in late life depression 

    Siafarikas, Nikias Ioannis; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Srivastava, Deepak P; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Auning, Eirik; Hessen, Erik; Selbæk, Geir; Blennow, Kaj; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-13)
    To explore markers for synaptic function and Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology in late life depression (LLD), predementia AD and normal controls (NC). A cross-sectional study to compare cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of neurogranin (Ng), Beta-site amyloid-precursor-protein cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1), Ng/BACE1 ratio and Amyloid-β 42/40 ratio, phosphorylated-tau and total-tau in LLD with (LLD AD) or ...
  • The effects of virutal reality on procedural pain and anxiety in pediatrics: A systematic review and meta-analysis 

    Nordgård, Rikke Kathrine; Låg, Torstein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-15)
    Distraction and procedural preparation techniques are frequently used to manage pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures. An increasing number of studies have indicated that Virtual Reality (VR) can be used to deliver these interventions, but treatment effects vary greatly. The present study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that have used VR to reduce procedural ...
  • The prevalence of potentially traumatic events in the seventh survey of the population-based Tromsø study (Tromsø 7) 

    Thimm, Jens; Rognmo, Kamilla; Rye, Marte; Flåm, Anna Margrete; Næss, Eva Therese; Skre, Ingunn; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-20)
    Aims: Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) can have detrimental consequences for an individual’s physical and mental health. Exposure to PTEs is therefore increasingly assessed in population-based studies. Consistent with this trend, the most recent wave of the longitudinal population-based Tromsø study (Tromsø 7) in Northern Norway included a list of PTEs. The aim of the present study was to describe ...
  • Here's the TRIQ: The Tromsø Interest Development Questionnaire based on the four-phase model of interest development 

    Dahl, Tove I.; Nierenberg, Ellen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-08)
    The Tromsø Interest Questionnaire (TRIQ) is the first suite of self-report subscales designed for focused investigations on how interest is experienced in relation to Hidi and Renninger’s four-phase model of interest development. In response to the plethora of varied interest measures that already exist in terms of theoretical grounding, form, and tested quality, the TRIQ subscales were designed ...
  • Napping alone in the snow and cuddling with mommy at night: An exploratory, qualitative study of Norwegian beliefs on infant sleep 

    Abels, Monika; Bosy, Caroline; Fredriksen, Ingrid-Camilla Myhre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-23)
    This study addresses Norwegian infants’ sleeping places during the day and night. In the first part we asked the general public to indicate where they think infants should sleep by placing stickers on a depiction of different sleeping places. This revealed that infants were expected to predominantly sleep outside in a stroller during the day and either bedshare, room share or sleep independently ...
  • The Impact of COVID-19-Induced Changes at Schools on Elementary Students' School Engagement 

    Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Parks-Stamm, Elizabeth J.; Olsen, Marte; Kvalø, Marie; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-09)
    In spring 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic led to the shutdown of schools in many countries. Emerging research documents the negative effects of the pandemic and particularly of the shutdown of schools on children's well-being. The present research extends this research by investigating how structural changes made in schools upon reopening to align with COVID-19 restrictions were related to children's ...
  • Protein, creatine and dieting supplements among adolescents: Use and associations with eating disorder risk factors, exercise- and sports participation, and immigrant status 

    Svantorp-Tveiten, Kethe Marie Engen; Friborg, Oddgeir; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Sundgot-Borgen, Christine; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Pettersen, Gunn; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-13)
    Objective: This study aimed to estimate the number of weekly users of protein, creatine, and dieting supplements and to explore whether weekly use was related to eating disorder (ED) risk factors, exercise, sports participation, and immigrant status.<p><p> Methods: In total, 629 and 1,060 high school boys and girls, respectively, self-reported weekly frequency of protein, creatine, and dieting ...
  • Altered functional connectivity in adolescent anorexia nervosa is related to age and cortical thickness 

    Myrvang, Anna Dahl; Vangberg, Torgil R.; Linnman, Clas; Stedal, Kristin; Rø, Øyvind; Endestad, Tor; Rosenvinge, Jan H.; Aslaksen, Per M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-06)
    Introduction - Functional networks develop throughout adolescence when anorexia nervosa (AN) normally debuts. In AN, cerebral structural alterations are found in most brain regions and may be related to the observed functional brain changes. Few studies have investigated the functional networks of the brain in adolescent AN patients.. The aim of this explorative study was to investigate multiple ...
  • The hers and his of prosociality across 10 countries 

    Olsson, Maria; Froehlich, Laura; Dorrough, Angela R.; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-19)
    Is there a ‘more helpful’ gender? The present research assessed gender differences in prosocial self-perceptions, prosocial behavioural intentions, and prosocial (transfer) behaviour in same- and other-gender interactions in 10 countries (N = 1,915). The present results showed negligible differences in the degree to which women and men saw themselves as prosocial. However, larger gender differences ...

View more