Evaluation of the proliferation marker Ki-67 in a large prostatectomy cohort
AuthorRichardsen, Elin; Andersen, Sigve; Al-Saad, Samer; Rakaee, Mehrdad; Nordby, Yngve; Pedersen, Mona Irene; Ness, Nora; Grindstad, Thea K.W.; Movik, Ingeborg; Dønnem, Tom; Bremnes, Roy M.; Busund, Lill-Tove
The tumor proliferation index marker Ki-67 is strongly associated with tumor cell proliferation, growth and progression, and is widely used in routine clinicopathological investigation. Prostate cancer is a complex multifaceted and biologically heterogeneous disease, and overtreatment of localized, low volume indolent tumors, is evident. Here, we aimed to assess Ki-67 expression and related outcomes of 535 patients treated with radical prostatectomy. The percentage of tumor epithelial cells expressing Ki-67 was determined by immunohistochemical assay, both digital image analysis and visual scoring by light microscope were used for quantification. The association of Ki-67 and prostate cancer was evaluated, as well as its prognostic value. There was a positive correlation between high expression of Ki-67 and Gleason score > 7 (p < 0.001) as well as tumor size ( 20 mm, p = 0.03). In univariate analyses, a high expression of Ki-67 in tumor epithelium was significantly associated with biochemical failure (BF) (digital scoring, p = 0.014) and (visual scoring, p = 0.004). In the multivariate analyses, a high level of Ki-67 was an independent poor prognostic factor for biochemical failure-free survival (BFFS) (Visual scoring, Ki67, p = 0.012, HR:1.50, CI95% 1.10±2.06). In conclusion, high Ki-67 expression is an independent negative prognostic marker for biochemical failure. Our findings support the role of Ki-67 as a significant, poor prognostic factor for in prostate cancer outcome.