• The Backward-Bending Supply Curve in Fisheries-Revisited 

      Pham, Thanh Thuy; Flaaten, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      This study discusses and estimates the backward-bending supply curve, using data for three years over a six-year time span from the inshore purse seine fishery in Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam. Four different models are developed for estimation based on fisheries data, in the absence of stock survey data. The estimated maximum sustainable yield for the anchovy in south-central Vietnam ranges from ...
    • Bacterial Diversity in the Digestive Tracts of Four Indian Air-Breathing Fish Species Investigated by PCR Based Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis 

      He, Suxu; Zhou, Zhigang; Banerjee, Goutam; Huang, Lu; Ray, Arun Kumar; Ringø, Einar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-02)
      An investigation was conducted to identify the allochthonous microbiota (entire intestine) and the autochthonous microbiota in proximal intestine (PI) and distal intestine (DI) of four species of Indian air-breathing fish (climbing perch; Anabas testudineus, murrel; Channa punctatus, walking catfish; Clarias batrachus and stinging catfish; Heteropneustes fossilis) by PCR based denaturing gradient ...
    • Bakterievekst under naturtørking av tørrfisk: Sammenligning av normal- og mucosovev 

      Bjørkevoll, Ingebrigt; Landfald, Bjarne; Ernstsen, Marita Holm; Joensen, Sjurdur; Tidemann, Even (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2008-04)
      Mikroorganismer antas å påvirke utviklingen av lukt og smak i tørrfisk, men det er lite er kjent om hvilke organismer som dominerer under tørkeprosessen. Samtidig er mikrobielle forhold er også antatt å være essensielle for utviklingen av mucoso, som er en kvalitetsfeil i tørrfisk der deler av fiskemuskelen blir oppløst og slimaktig. Slike partier må skjæres bort under bløtingsprosessen. Denne ...
    • Behov for Statfisk? 

      Trondsen, Torbjørn (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2016-09-15)
    • Bioactivity Screening of Microalgae for Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, Anticancer, Anti-Diabetes, and Antibacterial Activities 

      Lauritano, Chiara; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Hansen, Espen; Albrigtsen, Marte; Escalera, Laura; Esposito, Francesco; Helland, Kirsti; Østnes Hanssen, Kine; Romano, Giovanna; Ianora, Adrianna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-10)
      Marine microalgae are considered a potentially new and valuable source of biologically active molecules for applications in the food industry as well as in the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and cosmetic sectors. They can be easily cultured, have short generation times and enable an environmentally-friendly approach to drug discovery by overcoming problems associated with the over-utilization ...
    • A bioeconomic MPA study based on cellular automata population growth and distribution 

      Eide, Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      This paper investigates possible biological and economic effects of using marine sanctuaries as a management tool, employing cellular automata techniques to model biological growth and area distribution, assuming open access to the fish stock resources outside the protected area. The cellular automata model incorporates a fish harvest model based on standard assumptions. In agreement with previous ...
    • Bioeconomics of Commercial Marine Fisheries of Bay of Bengal: Status and Direction 

      Habib, Ahasan; Ullah, Md Hadayet; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Bomkast om privatisering av havet 

      Johnsen, Jahn Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2014)
      Anmeldelse av Henning Røed, "Fiskehistorier" Forlaget Manifest, 2013
    • Broadening the horizon of size selectivity in trawl gears 

      Stepputtis, Daniel; Herrmann, Bent; Mieske, Bernd; Santos, Juan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-12)
      The discussion of alternative harvest patterns in commercial fisheries has been raised by stock assessment and fishery modelers, especially in the wider context of balanced harvesting. But often, these theoretical approaches propose alternative exploitation patterns that are difficult to achieve within the current limitations in the selectivity characteristics of fishing gears, such as trawl gears. ...
    • Building fisheries institutions through collective action in Norway 

      Jentoft, Svein; Finstad, Bjørn-Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-16)
      Institutions, and the collective action that created them and which they enable, can play an important role in poverty eradication. In Norway, the Raw Fish Act passed in 1938 in the aftermath of the international financial crisis that hit the fishing industry hard, and the fishers’ cooperative sales-organizations that it authorized testify to this. Most of all, they helped to empower fishers in their ...
    • Carbon, Nitrogen and Sulphur isotopic fractionation in captive juvenile hooded seal (Cystophora cristata): application for diet analysis 

      Pinzone, Marianna; Acquarone, Mario; Huyghebaert, Loreen; Sturaro, Nicolas; Michel, Loïc N.; Siebert, Ursula; Das, Krishna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-15)
      <p><i>Rationale</i>: Intrinsic biogeochemical markers, such as stable isotope ratios of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, are increasingly used to trace the trophic ecology of marine top predators. However, insufficient knowledge of fractionation processes in tissues continues to hamper the use of these markers.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: We performed a controlled feeding experiment with eight juvenile ...
    • Catch and release patterns for target and bycatch species in the Northeast Atlantic deep-water shrimp fishery: Effect of using a sieve panel and a Nordmøre grid 

      Larsen, Roger B.; Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Brinkhof, Jesse; Santos, Juan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-21)
      The Nordmøre grid and the sieve panel are two of the main devices used to reduce fish bycatch in trawl fisheries targeting shrimp species. However, even when using such devices, some small-sized fish enter the codend of the trawl together with the targeted shrimp. Therefore, bycatch reduction remains a problem in some shrimp fisheries. One such fishery is the Northeast Atlantic deep-water shrimp ...
    • Catch Efficiency of Groundgears in a Bottom Trawl Fishery: A Case Study of the Barents Sea Haddock 

      Larsen, Roger B.; Herrmann, Bent; Brinkhof, Jesse; Grimaldo, Eduardo; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Tatone, Ivan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-10)
      The catch efficiency of two types of groundgear—a conventional rockhopper and a new type of groundgear called the semicircular spreading gear (SCSG)—was investigated through experimental fishing for Haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus conducted in the Barents Sea. A retainer bag was attached behind the footrope of the trawl, and the number of fish that were overrun by the trawl was compared with the ...
    • Causes and consequences of fleet diversity in fisheries: The case of the Norwegian Barents Sea cod fishery 

      Eide, Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-25)
      Fisheries operate under fluctuating environmental conditions, targeting fish stocks that appear in varying densities in different areas, often with abrupt and unexpected local changes. Physical conditions, markets and management regulations constrain vessels in different and varying ways. These factors all contribute to forming the fleet diversity we find in most fisheries. Here, a simulation model ...
    • Cellular Antioxidant Effect of Four Bromophenols from the Red Algae, Vertebrata lanosa 

      Olsen, Elisabeth Klungerbo; Hansen, Espen; Isaksson, Johan; Andersen, Jeanette hammer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Three known bromophenols, 2,3-dibromo-4,5-dihydroxybenzylaldehyde (1), 2,2′,3-tribromo-3′,4,4′,5-tetrahydroxy 6′-hydroxymethyldiphenylmethane (2) and bis(2, 3-dibromo-4,5-dihydroxylbenzyl) ether (3), and one new one, 5,5″-oxybis(methylene)bis (3-bromo-4-(2′,3′-dibromo-4′,5′-dihydroxylbenzyl)benzene-1,2-diol) (4), were isolated from an extract of the red alga, Vertebrata lanosa. The antioxidant ...
    • Change in Fish Community Structure in the Barents Sea 

      Aschan, Michaela; Fossheim, Maria; Greenacre, Michael; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Change in oceanographic conditions causes structural alterations in marine fish communities, but this effect may go undetected as most monitoring programs until recently mainly have focused on oceanography and commercial species rather than on whole ecosystems. In this paper, the objective is to describe the spatial and temporal changes in the Barents Sea fish community in the period 1992–2004 while ...
    • Changes in softbottom macrofauna communities along environmental gradients 

      Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 1990-12-21)
    • Characterization of Rhamnolipids Produced by an Arctic Marine Bacterium from the Pseudomonas fluorescence Group 

      Kristoffersen, Venke; Rämä, Teppo; Isaksson, Johan; Andersen, Jeanette H.; Gerwick, William H.; Hansen, Espen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-14)
      The marine environment is a rich source of biodiversity, including microorganisms that have proven to be prolific producers of bioactive secondary metabolites. Arctic seas are less explored than warmer, more accessible areas, providing a promising starting point to search for novel bioactive compounds. In the present work, an Arctic marine Pseudomonas sp. belonging to the Pseudomonas (P.) fluorescence ...
    • Characterization of the gut microbiome of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) 

      Acquarone, Mario; Salgado, Alejandro Flores; Sundset, Monica Alterskjær (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016-03-14)
    • Climate change alters the structure of arctic marine food webs due to poleward shifts of boreal generalists 

      Kortsch, Susanne; Primicerio, Raul; Fossheim, Maria; Dolgov, Andrey V.; Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-02)
      Climate-driven poleward shifts, leading to changes in species composition and relative abundances, have been recently documented in the Arctic. Among the fastest moving species are boreal generalist fish which are expected to affect arctic marine food web structure and ecosystem functioning substantially. Here, we address structural changes at the food web level induced by poleward shifts via ...