European-Russian-Chinese Arctic Energy System
The Yamal LNG and Arctic LNG 2 projects have set an example of successful cooperation between French, Russian, and Chinese private enterprises. A new energy system that has longterm consequences for European-Russian-Chinese relations. In this chapter, we discuss how Russian Arctic LNG (liquified natural gas) links China and Europe in a global energy network of natural gas trade, and what role it plays in a transition of the world system from unipolarity to a loose biopolarity. We analyze geopolitical, geo-economic, and geo-strategic factors of the development of the new energy system. Our core argument is that the new European-RussianChinese Arctic energy system challenges the unipolar world order and American leadership. This research combines the results of theoretical and field research conducted in Russia, China, Northern Europe, and France.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in China-EU Relations in a New Era of Global Transformation on 13.07.21, available online: https://www.routledge.com/China-EU-Relations-in-a-New-Era-of-Global-Transformation/Xing/p/book/9780367562397#.
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationKobzeva M, Bertelsen RG: European-Russian-Chinese Arctic Energy System. In: Li X. China-EU Relations in a New Era of Global Transformation, 2021. Routledge
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