The importance of the Atlantic salmon peritoneal cavity B cell response: Local IgM secreting cells are predominant upon Piscirickettsia salmonis infection
Authorvan der Wal, Yorick Andreas; Jenberie, Shiferaw; Nordli, Henriette; Greiner-Tollersrud, Linn; Kool, Jaap; Jensen, Ingvill; Jørgensen, Jorunn
The intraperitoneal route is favored for administration of inactivated and attenuated vaccines in Atlantic salmon. Nevertheless, the immune responses in the teleost peritoneal cavity (PerC) are still incompletely defined. In this study, we investigated the B cell responses after intraperitoneal Piscirickettsia salmonis (P. salmonis) challenge of Atlantic salmon, focusing on the local PerC response versus responses in the lymphatic organs: spleen and head kidney. We observed a major increase of leukocytes, total IgM antibody secreting cells (ASC), and P. salmonis-specific ASC in the PerC at 3- and 6-weeks post infection (wpi). The increase in ASC frequency was more prominent in the spleen and PerC compared to the head kidney during the observed 6 wpi. The serum antibody response included P. salmonis-specific antibodies and non-specific antibodies recognizing the non-related bacterial pathogen Yersinia ruckeri and the model antigen TNP-KLH. Finally, we present evidence that supports a putative role for the adipose tissue in the PerC immune response.
Citationvan der Wal, Jenberie, Nordli, Greiner-Tollersrud, Kool, Jensen, Jørgensen. The importance of the Atlantic salmon peritoneal cavity B cell response: Local IgM secreting cells are predominant upon Piscirickettsia salmonis infection. Developmental and Comparative Immunology. 2021;123
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