Regression‐based normative data for the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test in Norwegian and Swedish adults aged 49–79 and comparison with published norms
ForfatterEspenes, Jacob; Eliassen, Ingvild Vøllo; Öhman, Fredrik; Hessen, Erik; Waterloo, Knut K; Eckerström, Marie; Lorentzen, Ingrid Myrvoll; Øien-Bergland, Cecilie; Niska, Madelene Halvari; Reina, Santiago Timon; Wallin, Anders; Fladby, Tormod; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind
Method: Participants were 244 healthy adults from Norway and Sweden between the aged 49 and 79years, with between 6 and 24years of education. Using a multiple multivariate regression-based norming procedure, we estimated effects of age, sex, and years of education on basic and derived RAVLT test scores. The newly developed norms were assessed in an independent comparison group of cognitively healthy adults (n=145) and compared to recently published North American regression-based norms.
Results: Lower age, female sex and more years of education predicted higher performance on the RAVLT. The new norms adequately adjusted for age, education, and sex in the independent comparison group. The American norms corrected for demographics on all RAVLT trials except trials 4, 7, list B, and trials 1–5 total. Test-retest (M=2.55 years) reliability varied from poor to good.
Conclusion: We propose regression-based norms for the RAVLT adjusting for pertinent demographics. The norms may be used for assessment of Norwegian and Swedish adults between the aged of 49 and 79years, with between 6 and 24years of education.