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dc.contributor.authorEspenes, Jacob
dc.contributor.authorEliassen, Ingvild Vøllo
dc.contributor.authorÖhman, Fredrik
dc.contributor.authorHessen, Erik
dc.contributor.authorWaterloo, Knut K
dc.contributor.authorEckerström, Marie
dc.contributor.authorLorentzen, Ingrid Myrvoll
dc.contributor.authorØien-Bergland, Cecilie
dc.contributor.authorNiska, Madelene Halvari
dc.contributor.authorReina, Santiago Timon
dc.contributor.authorWallin, Anders
dc.contributor.authorFladby, Tormod
dc.contributor.authorKirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind
dc.description.abstractObjective: The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) is a widely used measure of episodic verbal memory. To our knowledge, culturally adapted and demographically adjusted norms for the RAVLT are currently not available for Norwegian and Swedish adults, and imported North American norms are often used. We here develop regression-based norms for Norwegian and Swedish adults and compare our norms to North American norms in an independent sample of cognitively healthy adults.<p> <p>Method: Participants were 244 healthy adults from Norway and Sweden between the aged 49 and 79years, with between 6 and 24years of education. Using a multiple multivariate regression-based norming procedure, we estimated effects of age, sex, and years of education on basic and derived RAVLT test scores. The newly developed norms were assessed in an independent comparison group of cognitively healthy adults (n=145) and compared to recently published North American regression-based norms. <p>Results: Lower age, female sex and more years of education predicted higher performance on the RAVLT. The new norms adequately adjusted for age, education, and sex in the independent comparison group. The American norms corrected for demographics on all RAVLT trials except trials 4, 7, list B, and trials 1–5 total. Test-retest (M=2.55 years) reliability varied from poor to good. <p>Conclusion: We propose regression-based norms for the RAVLT adjusting for pertinent demographics. The norms may be used for assessment of Norwegian and Swedish adults between the aged of 49 and 79years, with between 6 and 24years of education.en_US
dc.identifier.citationEspenes, Eliassen, Öhman, Hessen, Waterloo, Eckerström, Lorentzen, Øien-Bergland, Niska, Reina ST, Wallin, Fladby, Kirsebom. Regression‐based normative data for the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test in Norwegian and Swedish adults aged 49–79 and comparison with published norms. The Clinical Neuropsychologist. 2022en_US
dc.identifier.cristinIDFRIDAID 2045529
dc.relation.ispartofEspenes, J.J. (2023). Dementia Disease Initiation: Demographically adjusted norms based on Scandinavian samples and comparison with published norms from North America. (Doctoral thesis). <a href=></a>.
dc.relation.journalThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 The Author(s)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)en_US
dc.titleRegression‐based normative data for the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test in Norwegian and Swedish adults aged 49–79 and comparison with published normsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Med mindre det står noe annet, er denne innførselens lisens beskrevet som Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)