Early Maladaptive Schemas and Mental Disorders in Adulthood: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ForfatterThimm, Jens; Chang, Michelle
Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are broad and pervasive themes regarding oneself and one’s relationships with others originating from adverse childhood experiences. Although the concept of EMSs was initially developed for the treatment of personality disorders, the associations of EMSs with a variety of other mental disorders have been investigated. The goal of the present study was to summarize and analyze the EMSsdisorder associations in studies in which patients with specifc psychiatric diagnoses were compared to healthy controls. Of the 28 studies that met the inclusion criteria, 27 were included in a meta-analysis. Across diagnoses, all EMSs were elevated in the clinical groups. The largest efect sizes were observed for the social isolation, the negativity/pessimism, the defectiveness/shame, and social undesirability schemas. Depression (n=8), borderline personality disorder (n=5), and obsessive–compulsive disorder (n=5) were the most frequently studied mental disorders. Heterogeneity between studies was high. Results suggest that mental disorders are not characterized by specifc EMSs.
SiteringThimm, Chang. Early Maladaptive Schemas and Mental Disorders in Adulthood: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. 2022
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