Recent additions

  • Industry-specific impacts of global drivers in the European Arctic 

    Nygaard, Vigdis; Engen, Sigrid; Suopajärvi, Leena; Edvardsdóttir, Anna Guðrún; Iversen, Audun; Bogadóttir, R.; Tuulentie, Seija; Bjerke, Jarle Werner; Rautio, Pasi; Elomina, Jerbelle; Miettinen, J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-18)
    Natural resource-based industries in the European Arctic operate in an increasingly competitive and globalized Arctic. Knowledge of key drivers and their industrial impacts provide industries, companies, communities, and decision-makers at multiple levels with information on how to plan, manage and collaborate for the future. In this study, we explore the global drivers that affect key industries ...
  • Antibiotika - oppdagelse og utvikling fra før bakteriologiens gjennombrudd til i dag 

    Straand, Jørund; Gradmann, Christoph; Lindbæk, Morten; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-06)
    Oppdagelse og utvikling av antibakterielle legemidler er blant de største triumfene innen moderne medisin og også i menneskehetens historie. Takket være antibiotika og kjemoterapeutika ble leger i stand til å behandle alvorlige infeksjonssykdommer og helbrede pasienter som ellers var levnet små sjanser til overlevelse. Ikke rart at antibakterielle midler ble opplevd som mirakelmedisiner da de ble ...
  • Exploring the variation in associations between socioeconomic indicators and non-communicable diseases in the Tromsø Study: an algorithmic approach 

    Svalestuen, Sigbjørn; Sari, Emre; Langholz, Petja Lyn; Vo, Chi Quynh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-11)
    Aims: We contribute to the methodological literature on the assessment of health inequalities by applying an algorithmic approach to evaluate the capabilities of socioeconomic variables in predicting the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in a Norwegian health survey. Methods: We use data from the seventh survey of the population based Tromsø Study (2015–2016), including 11,074 women and ...
  • Secular trends in mental health problems among young people in Norway: a review and meta-analysis 

    Potrebny, Thomas; Nilsen, Sondre Aasen; Bakken, Anders; Soest, Tillman von; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Samdal, Oddrun; Sivertsen, Børge; Aase, Heidi; Bang, Lasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-16)
    There is a growing concern that the mental health of recent generations of youth is deteriorating, yet the etiology of these secular changes is not fully understood. We aimed to review the evidence on trends in mental health problems among young people in Norway. Seven large-scale repeated cross-sectional studies were included in this study, comprising 35 cross-sectional data collections between ...
  • Critical realism as a fractal philosophy 

    Isaksen, Karl Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-13)
    There are two overarching questions that guide this paper: What are some potential issues with the criterion for judgemental rationality as developed by Bhaskar? How can critical realism itself be justified without foundationalist assumptions or an infinite regress of justification? The paper considers how Bhaskar’s criterion for theory choice– developed in the natural sciencescan also be applied ...
  • Anthropogenic impacts on mud and organic carbon cycling 

    Bianchi, Thomas S.; Mayer, Lawrence M.; Amaral, Joao H. F.; Arndt, Sandra; Galy, Valier; Kemp, David B.; Kuehl, Steven A.; Murray, Nicholas J.; Regnier, Pierre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-09)
    Fine-grained muds produced largely from rock weathering at the Earth’s surface have great influence on global carbon cycling. Mud binds and protects organic carbon (OC) from remineralization, and its organic loading controls the amounts, timescales and pathways of OC sequestration in sediments and soils. Human activities have resulted in marked changes (both increases and decreases) in mud accumulation ...
  • Behavioral Inhibition and Social Anxiety Disorder as Predictors of Long-Term Outcomes of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Youth Anxiety Disorders 

    Skumsnes, Toril; Fjermestad, Krister Westlye; Wergeland, Gro Janne Henningsen; Aalberg, Marianne; Heiervang, Einar Røshol; Kodal, Arne; Ingul, Jo Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-05)
    The temperamental trait behavioral inhibition (BI) is related to the development and maintenance of anxiety, particularly much so to social anxiety disorder. We investigated if BI and social anxiety disorder predicted cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) outcomes for youth anxiety. Youth (N=179; M<sub>age</sub> = 11.6 years) were assessed 4 years following a randomized controlled CBT effectiveness ...
  • Research protocol Monitoring adverse events caused by systemic anticancer treatment – Safer Personalized Cancer Treatment digital follow-up - SPeCT HNF1626-22 

    Aanes, Siv Gyda; Haukland, Ellinor Christin; Wiig, Siri; Nieder, Carsten; Bates, David Westfall (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2024)
    Cancer patients experience more frequently patient harm than other patients, mostly from systemic anticancer treatment. To reduce avoidable patient harm from modern anticancer treatment such as immunotherapy and targeted therapies, precise and clinically relevant measurements are needed. The study aims through three different sub-studies to develop electronic methods for measuring automatically ...
  • A social and ethical game-changer? An empirical ethics study of CRISPR in the salmon farming industry 

    Winther, Hannah; Blix, Torill Pauline Bakkelund; Holm, Lotte; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Myskja, Bjørn Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-08)
    The genome editing technology CRISPR is described as a technological game-changer because of its flexibility and precision, and as an ethical game-changer due to its ability to engineer traits in living organisms without crossing species, avoiding a significant objection to genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In salmon farming, applications of CRISPR in breeding hold the promise of handling ...
  • Graph-based Forecasting with Missing Data through Spatiotemporal Downsampling 

    Marisca, Ivan; Alippi, Cesare; Bianchi, Filippo Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-04-16)
    Given a set of synchronous time series, each associated with a sensor-point in space and characterized by inter-series relationships, the problem of spatiotemporal forecasting consists of predicting future observations for each point. Spatiotemporal graph neural networks achieve striking results by representing the relationships across time series as a graph. Nonetheless, most existing methods rely ...
  • Spousal bereavement and its effects on later life physical and cognitive capability: the Tromsø study 

    Strand, Bjørn Heine; Håberg, Asta; Eyjólfsdóttir, Harpa Sif; Kok, Almar; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Huxhold, Oliver; Løset, Gøril Kvamme; Lennartsson, Carin; Schirmer, Henrik; Herlofson, Katharina; Veenstra, Marijke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-09)
    Spousal bereavement is associated with health declines and increased mortality risk, but its specific impact on physical and cognitive capabilities is less studied. A historical cohort study design was applied including married Tromsø study participants (N=5739) aged 50–70 years with baseline self-reported overall health and health-related factors and measured capability (grip strength, finger ...
  • Weakened pelagic-benthic coupling on an Arctic outflow shelf (Northeast Greenland) suggested by benthic ecosystem changes 

    Bodur, Yasemin Vicdan; Renaud, Paul Eric; Lins, Lidia; Da Costa Monteiro, Luana; Ambrose, William; Felden, Janine; Krumpen, Thomas; Wenzhöfer, Frank; Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; Braeckman, Ulrike (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-01-24)
    Arctic marine ecosystems are becoming more boreal due to climate change. Predictions of ecosystem change focus mainly on Arctic inflow or interior shelves, with few comprehensive studies on Arctic outflow regions. During September–October 2017, soft-bottom communities were sampled and benthic ecosystem processes were quantified at 12 stations on the Northeast Greenland shelf (outflow shelf) and ...
  • An analysis of training load in highly trained female football players 

    Winther, Andreas Kjæreng; Matias Do Vale Baptista, Ivan Andre; Pedersen, Sigurd; Brito, João; Randers, Morten B.; Johansen, Dag; Pettersen, Svein Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-03-28)
    This observational study aimed to analyze external training load in highly trained female football players, comparing starters and non-starters across various cycle lengths and training days. Method: External training load [duration, total distance [TD], high-speed running distance [HSRD], sprint distance [SpD], and acceleration- and deceleration distance [AccDecdist] from 100 female football players ...
  • Optimising Energy Performance of buildings through Digital Twins and Machine Learning: Lessons learnt and future directions 

    Renganayagalu, Sathiya kumar; Bodal, Terje; Bryntesen, Tom-Robert; Kvalvik, Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-31)
    In recent years, the energy efficiency of buildings has received increasing attention due to climate change mitigation goals, and higher energy costs. This paper explores the integration of 3D models, IoT sensors, Digital Twins (DT), data-driven modeling, and Artificial Intelligence (AI), particularly Machine Learning (ML) algorithms, to enhance energy performance prediction and optimisation in ...
  • A large-scale multivariate soccer athlete health, performance, and position monitoring dataset 

    Midoglu, Cise; Winther, Andreas Kjæreng; Boeker, Matthias; Pettersen, Susann Dahl; Pettersen, Sigurd; Ragab, Nourhan; Kupka, Tomas; Hicks, Steven; Bredsgaard Randers Thomsen, Morten; Jain, Ramesh; Dagenborg, Håvard Johansen; Pettersen, Svein Arne; Johansen, Dag; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-30)
    Data analysis for athletic performance optimization and injury prevention is of tremendous interest to sports teams and the scientific community. However, sports data are often sparse and hard to obtain due to legal restrictions, unwillingness to share, and lack of personnel resources to be assigned to the tedious process of data curation. These constraints make it difficult to develop automated ...
  • Teaching and Learning Abstract Ideas via the Abstraction Ladder - A Phenomenological Invitation 

    Isaksen, Karl Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024)
    This paper 1) argues for the inclusion of a phenomenological form of academic textual evidence, 2) makes a case for James Moffett's abstraction ladder for teaching and learning, and 3) provides concrete examples of the abstraction ladder both as inspiration for practical application by teachers and to demonstrate how it may be used to broaden academic written discourse. These three aims are ...
  • Editorial: The physiology of the female athlete—performance, health, and recovery 

    Welde, Boye; Kellawan, J. Mikhail; Larson, Rebecca D.; Morseth, Bente; Osborne, John Owen; Sandbakk, Øyvind Bucher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-31)
    Females are historically underrepresented in sports science research, with relatively few studies investigating female physiology in relation to exercise and sports performance, health, and recovery. This knowledge gap also extends to training planning, periodization, and peaking, where previous research has predominantly focused on male participants. Consequently, female athletes and their ...
  • Ekstraordinære arbeidstakere på ordinære arbeidsplasser – arbeidsvilkår, medvirkning, annengjøring og ableisme for arbeidstakere med utviklingshemming 

    Foss, Andrea Berg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-26)
    I artikkelen utforsker jeg hvordan arbeidstakere med utviklingshemming opplever arbeidsvilkår og medvirkning i VTA-tiltak (varig tilrettelagt arbeid) på ordinær arbeidsplass. Arbeidstakerne opplever utfordringer med å finne arbeidsoppgaver, og noen opplever lave forventninger fra ledelsen. De beskriver å ha noe medvirkning, men at det stilles få krav til dem. Vilkårene de tilbys som arbeidstakere, ...
  • Comparison of resistance training using barbell half squats and trap bar deadlifts on maximal strength, power performance, and lean mass in recreationally active females: an eight week randomised trial 

    Hagerupsen, Karianne; Pedersen, Sigurd; Giller, Nicoline Bastiansen; Thomassen, Nora Kristine; Heitmann, Kim Arne; Sagelv, Edvard Hamnvik; Osborne, John Owen; Johansen, Kristoffer Robin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-31)
    Background - The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high load resistance training using barbell half squats compared with trap bar deadlifts on maximal strength, power performance, and lean mass in recreationally active females.<p> <p>Methods - Twenty-two recreationally active female participants (age: 26.9 ± 7.7 yrs.; height: 166.0 ± 5.1 cm; weight: 68.6 ± 9.9 kg) were randomly ...
  • The land of pygmies and monsters - glimpses from the Arctic map collection at UiT 

    Aspaas, Per Pippin (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-05-15)
    During the 16th and 17th centuries, the very first Arctic explorations took place. The maps from that age not only express the mathematical and scientific knowledge of the time, they are also artistic artefacts with a rich symbolic language. Maps are often adorned with illustrations of indigenous peoples, exotic animals and mythological creatures, reflecting the mystique surrounding the Arctic.

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