HPV mRNA testing is more specific than HPV DNA testing in triage of women with minor cervial lesions
AuthorSørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Fismen, Silje; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Mortensen, Elin; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil
In Norway, repeat cytology and HPV testing is used in delayed triage of women with minor cytological lesions. Repeat cytology, HPV DNA testing (Roche Cobas 4800), and HPV mRNA testing (NorChip PreTect HPV-Proofer) were used to follow up 575 women aged 25–69 years with ASCUS / LSIL in primary screening. A total of 206 women (35.8%) were DNA+ and 107 (18.6%) were mRNA+. Repeated ASC-US / LSIL was found in 249 women (43.3%), of whom 120 (48.2%) were DNA+ and 57 (22.9%) were mRNA+. We received biopsies from 75.8% (91/120) of the DNA+ and 73.7% (42/57) of the mRNA+ cases. The positive predictive values for CIN2+ were 22.0% (20/91) for DNA+ and 33.3% (14/42) for mRNA+. Of the 258 women with normal repeat cytology (NILM), 38 (14.7%) were DNA+ and 16 (6.2%) were mRNA+. Conclusions. HPV mRNA is more specific than HPV DNA in triage of women with repeated ASCUS / LSIL. The referral rate for colposcopy after repeated ASC-US / LSIL was double for DNA+ relative to mRNA+ cases, winning 6 more cases of CIN2+. The need for follow-ups in NILM patients was more than doubled for DNA+ cases relative to mRNA+ cases. Compared with the mRNAtest, the use of DNA-tests in triage created additional work for gynaecologists and laboratories, as well as unnecessary psychological stress for the patients. As long as repeated ASC-US / LSIL with negative mRNA are followed by a new cytology after 12 months, very few cases of CIN2+ captured by DNA at triage will be lost.
CitationEurogin Conference, (2013), 03.-06. November
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