Recent additions

  • Kunnskapsoppsummering og klassifisering av tiltaket Mitt valg! Ungdomsskole-versjonen (1. utg) 

    Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Aasheim, Merete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-09)
    <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - MITT VALG er en norsk tilpasset versjon av det universelt forebyggende undervisningsprogrammet Lions Quest som er utviklet i USA. MITT VALG er beskrevet som et livsmestringsprogram med fokus på sosial og emosjonell læring, psykisk helse, kritisk tenkning og faglig utvikling. Denne oppsummeringen tar for seg opplæringsprogrammet MITT VALG for ungdomskolen. MITT VALG eies av Stiftelsen ...
  • Working for the Best or Bracing for the Worst? Approach and Avoidance Motivation in Planning 

    Bø, Simen; Sjåstad, Hallgeir; Norman, Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-11)
    Even though planning is generally helpful in goal pursuit, people do not always choose to plan. The inclination to plan might depend on whether we focus on what we seek to approach or what we seek to avoid. In two pre-registered experiments, we tested the relative effect of approach versus avoidance motivation on willingness to plan (total <i>N</i>=1349). With outcome framing as the experimental ...
  • Distracting stimuli evoke ventral tegmental area responses in rats during ongoing saccharin consumption 

    Peters, Kate Z.; Young, Andrew M J; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-11)
    Disruptions in attention, salience and increased distractibility are implicated in multiple psychiatric conditions. The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is a potential site for converging information about external stimuli and internal states to be integrated and guide adaptive behaviours. Given the dual role of dopamine signals in both driving ongoing behaviours (e.g., feeding) and monitoring salient ...
  • Resonance frequency is not always stable over time and could be related to the inter‑beat interval 

    Capdevila, Lluis; Parrado, Eva; Ramos-Castro, Juan; Zapata-Lamana, Rafael; Lalanza, Jaume F (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-16)
    Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback (HRVB) is based on breathing at an optimal rate (or resonance frequency, RF) corresponding to the respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Our aim is to check whether the RF is a stable factor and analyse the HRV parameters individually per each breathing rate, comparing it with free slow breathing. A sample of 21 participants were trained in a test–retest HRVB ...
  • Rat ultrasonic vocalizations and novelty-induced social and non-social investigation behavior in a seminatural environment 

    Heinla, Indrek; Chu, Xi; Ågmo, Anders j; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-03)
    Although rats are known to emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), it remains unclear whether these calls serve an auditory communication purpose. For USVs to be part of communication, the vocal signals will need to be a transfer of information between two or more conspecifics, and with the possibility to induce changes in the behavior of the recipient. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate ...
  • Sexual incentive motivation and male and female copulatory behavior in female rats given androgen from postnatal day 20 

    Chu, Xi; Snoeren, Eelke; Södersten, Per; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-12)
    Masculinization and feminization of rat sexual behavior has been supposed to occur during a short postnatal period. However, much data have made it evident that these processes may continue until adolescence. In the present study, we evaluated whether androgen treatment of females from postnatal day 20 and onwards could alter sexual motivation and behavior in a male direction. Juveniles were ...
  • Ticket To Ride: A Longitudinal Journey to Work Engagement and Health in the JD-R model 

    Langseth-Eide, Benedicte; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-19)
    The present study addresses one of the limitations of the JD-R model, namely, that analyses of the outcomes of the motivational process have largely focused on organizational outcomes and have neglected to investigate the associations between job resources, work engagement and health-related outcomes. Specifically, the aim of this paper is to show that health-related indicators may be outcomes of ...
  • The effects of brief mindfulness training on attentional processes: mindfulness increases prepulse facilitation but not prepulse inhibition 

    Åsli, Ole; Johansen, Martha; Solhaug, Ida (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-17)
    Mindfulness is intentional focus of one’s attention on emotions, thoughts, or sensations occurring in the present moment with a nonjudgmental attitude. Recently there has been increased interest in the effects of mindfulness practice on psychological processes such as concentration, focus, and attention. In the present study, a prepulse inhibition/facilitation (PPI/PPF) paradigm was employed to ...
  • Effects of cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic-interpersonal treatments for eating disorders: a meta-analytic inquiry into the role of patient characteristics and change in eating disorder-specific and general psychopathology in remission 

    Moberg, Leif Tore; Solvang, Birgitte; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Myrvang, Anna Dahl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-26)
    Background - Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic-interpersonal therapies (PIT) are two widely used and conceptually different outpatient treatments for eating disorders (EDs). To better understand how these treatments works, for whom, and under what circumstances, there is a need for knowledge about how outcomes are affected by diagnosis, comorbidity, changes in psychopathology, and ...
  • Regression-based norms for the FAS phonemic fluency test for ages 40–84 based on a Norwegian sample 

    Lorentzen, Ingrid Myrvoll; Espenes, Johan Jacob; Hessen, Erik; Waterloo, Knut; Bråthen, Geir; Timón, Santiago; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-08)
    <p>The FAS phonemic fluency test is a commonly used neuropsychological test of executive function and processing speed. Although Norwegian discrete norms have been developed for the FAS test, American regression-based norms are frequently used by clinicians in Norway. <p>However, language and cultural differences impact performance on the FAS test, and using foreign norms may not be appropriate. ...
  • Da laben hun tilhører stengte dørene, flyttet Solveig babyforskningen sin til Zoom 

    Sundquist, Jonas; Flatebø, Solveig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-08)
    Det så mørkt ut for Solveig Flatebøs doktorgradsarbeid da Norge erklærte unntakstilstand i mars i fjor. Så fikk hun en idé som gjorde forskningen mye lettere å gjennomføre.
  • What predicts student decision to leave? A new perspective on academic attrition 

    Nemtcan, Efim (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-05-02)
    The issue of attrition from higher education is a significant problem across Europe and especially Norway, where dropout rates are as high as 20-25%. In the current study, we address the issue from the perspective of attrition intentions that have been found closely associated with actual attrition behavior. In particular, we attempted to differentiate between types of students’ attrition intentions: ...
  • Crowdsourcing Hypothesis Tests: Making Transparent How Design Choices Shape Research Results 

    Landy, Justin F; Jia, Miaolei; Ding, Isabel L; Viganola, Domenico; Tierney, Warren; Dreber, Anna; Johannesson, Magnus; Pfeiffer, Thomas; Ebersole, Charles R; Gronau, Quentin F; Pfuhl, Gerit; Ly, Alexander; van den Bergh, Don; Marsman, Maarten; Derks, Koen; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan; Proctor, Andrew; Bartels, Daniel M.; Bauman, Christopher W.; Brady, William J.; Cheung, Felix; Cimpian, Andrei; Dohle, Simone; Donnellan, M. Brent; Hahn, Adam; Hall, Michael P.; Jiménez-Leal, William; Johnson, David J.; Lucas, Richard E.; Monin, Benoît; Montealegre, Andres; Mullen, Elizabeth; Pang, Jun; Ray, Jennifer; Reinero, Diego A.; Reynolds, Jesse; Sowden, Walter; Storage, Daniel; Su, Runkun; Tworek, Christina M.; Van Bavel, Jay J.; Walco, Daniel; Wills, Julian; Xu, Xiaobing; Yam, Kai Chi; Yang, Xiaoyu; Cunningham, William A.; Schweinsberg, Martin; Urwitz, Molly; Uhlmann, Eric L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-16)
    To what extent are research results influenced by subjective decisions that scientists make as they design studies? Fifteen research teams independently designed studies to answer five original research questions related to moral judgments, negotiations, and implicit cognition. Participants from 2 separate large samples (total N 15,000) were then randomly assigned to complete 1 version ...
  • The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) and its revision (LEIDS-RR): An investigation of the internal structure and conceptual validity in a Norwegian sample 

    Himle, Aslak E; Havik, Odd E.; Thimm, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-16)
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency, factor structure, and validity of the Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) and a recent revision of the LEIDS-R (LEIDS-RR) in Norway. The LEIDS-R is a self-report inventory measuring cognitive reactivity. Cognitive reactivity is defined as the relative ease with which negative thinking is activated by mild low ...
  • Social identity’s relasjon til social approach motivation (via sense of belonging) hos universitetstudenter med innvandrerbakgrunn 

    Refsnes, Silje (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Frafall på universitetet representerer en rekke sosiale og sosioøkonomisk utfordringer. En gruppe som er mer utsatt for å droppe ut fra universitetene i Norge, er innvandrerstudenter. Denne gruppen er preget av høyere frafall enn sine norske medstudenter, samtidig som forskning viser at denne gruppen er utsatt for negative stereotypier i akademia. Den høye frafallstatistikken kan delvis forklares ...
  • Korona-situasjonen forbedret baby-forskning 

    Haugseth Moe, Trude; Flatebø, Solveig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-27)
    Da Norge stengte ned i mars, måtte også lab’en der forskerne studerer barns utvikling stenge. Det førte til at forskerne fikk en lys idé – som gjorde prosjektet mye bedre.
  • Demographically adjusted trail making test norms in a Scandinavian sample from 41 to 84 years 

    Espenes, Johan Jacob; Hessen, Erik; Eliassen, Ingvild Vøllo; Waterloo, Knut; Eckerström, Marie; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Timón, Santiago; Wallin, Anders; Fladby, Tormod; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-09)
    <i>Objective</i> - The trail making test (TMT) is one of the most widely used neuropsychological tests. TMT-A provides measures of visual scanning/visuomotor speed and TMT-B involves additional demands on executive functions. Derived scores TMT B-A and TMT B/A enhance measures of executive functioning. However, simple B-A subtraction may lead to false estimates of executive dysfunction in clinical ...
  • Dichotic listening while walking: A dual-task paradigm examining gait asymmetries in healthy older and younger adults 

    Gorecka, Marta Maria; Vasylenko, Olena; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-08)
    Dual-task studies have employed various cognitive tasks to evaluate the relationship between gait and cognition. Most of these tests are not specific to a single cognitive ability or sensory modality and have limited ecological validity. In this study, we employed a dual-task paradigm using Dichotic Listening (DL) as concomitant cognitive task to walking. We argue that DL is a robust task to unravel ...
  • Er aktive ansatte mindre sykemeldte? En longitudinell studie av sammenhengen mellom registrert fysisk aktivitet i mobilapplikasjonen SPOR og sykefravær ved Sparebank 1 Nord-Norge 

    Stensland, Eva (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-04)
    Norsk sykefravær er høyt sammenlignet med andre land i Europa og hovedårsakene til fraværet er muskel og skjelettlidelser, samt lettere psykiske lidelser. Fysisk aktivitet er en faktor som kan forebygge disse lidelsene. Studiens hovedmål var å undersøke den potensielle sammenhengen mellom fysisk aktivitet og sykefravær. Studien har benyttet data for sykefravær til ansatte ved SpareBank 1 Nord-Norge ...
  • Health, Social, and Lifestyle Factors Related to Combined Alcohol and Sleep Problems: Investigating Risks of Chronic Pain, Welfare Benefits, Divorce, Smoking, and Low Physical Activity in Relation to Alcohol and Sleep Problems 

    Storvik, Mia Caroline (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-05-02)
    The purpose of the study was to uncover whether there are increased risks associated to having combined alcohol and sleep problems in association to health, social, and lifestyle factors. This in comparison to having either alcohol and sleep problems, as opposed to having neither alcohol nor sleep problems. This study investigates potential risks in association to chronic pain, reception of welfare ...

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