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  • Effect of Codend Design and Postponed Bleeding on Hemoglobin in Cod Fillets Caught by Bottom Trawl in the Barents Sea Demersal Fishery 

    Jensen, Tonje Kristin; Tobiassen, Torbjørn Inge; Heia, Karsten; Møllersen, Kajsa; Larsen, Roger B.; Esaiassen, Margrethe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-03)
    Previous studies have reported that cod caught using a newly developed dual sequential codend showed significant reduction in external catch-related damage compared to cod caught by a conventional codend. In this study, it was investigated whether this new codend affects residual blood in cod fillets and/or mitigates the effect of postponed bleeding. Residual blood was assessed by measuring ...
  • Atmospheric CO2 drawdown, community dynamics and selection of surface microbiomes in marine cold-water ecosystems 

    Aalto, Nerea Johanna (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-10-10)
    <p>The European Arctic is characterized by large surface areas of coastal seas and long coastlines where important ecosystem processes are regulated by marine microbiomes that contribute to global carbon cycling via primary productivity and atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> drawdown. In addition to biogeochemical cycling, these complex microbial ecosystems also support major marine food webs and lend ...
  • Catch quality of Northeast Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) caught by bottom trawl and gillnet – Effects of changes in gear design and fishing practices 

    Jensen, Tonje Kristin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-10-07)
    <p>Cod caught with bottom trawls and gillnets have often been associated with poor and variable quality, and little is known about how changes in gear design and fishing practices may influence the quality of fish caught by these two fishing gears. It is difficult, if not impossible, to improve catch quality if fish are damaged during the capture process. Therefore, preventing the deterioration of ...
  • Importance of bacteria and protozooplankton for faecal pellet degradation 

    Morata, Nathalie; Seuthe, Lena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    The degradation mechanisms of faecal pellets are still poorly understood, although they determine their contribution to vertical fluxes of carbon. The aim of this study was to attempt to understand the microbial (bacteria and protozooplankton) degradation of faecal pellets by measuring the faecal pellet carbon-specific degradation rate (FP-CSD) as an indicator of pellet degradation. ‘In situ’ and ...
  • Marine mammal consumption and fisheries removals in the Nordic and Barents Seas 

    Skern-Mauritzen, Mette; Lindstrøm, Ulf Ove; Biuw, Martin; Elvarsson, Bjarki; Gunnlaugsson, Thorvaldur; Haug, Tore; Kovacs, Kit M.; Lydersen, Christian; McBride, Margaret; Mikkelsen, Bjarni; Øien, Nils Inge; Víkingsson, Gísli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-28)
    In this study, we assess prey consumption by the marine mammal community in the northeast Atlantic [including 21 taxa, across three regions: (I) the Icelandic shelf, Denmark Strait, and Iceland Sea (ICE); (II) the Greenland and Norwegian Seas (GN); and (III) the Barents Sea (BS)], and compare mammal requirements with removals by fisheries. To determine prey needs, estimates of energetic requirements ...
  • Spatio-temporal turnover and drivers of bentho-demersal community and food web structure in a high-latitude marine ecosystem 

    Pecuchet, Laurene; Jørgensen, Lis Lindal; Dolgov, Andreyv V.; Eriksen, Elena; Husson, Berengere; Skern-Mauritzen, Mette; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-14)
    Aim: Assess the spatial and temporal turnover of bentho-demersal marine fauna by integrating ecological metrics at the community and food web levels and evaluate their main environmental and anthropogenic drivers.<p> <p>Location: Barents Sea. <p>Method: We analysed data of benthic and bentho-pelagic fish and megabenthic invertebrates caught in the Barents Sea ecosystem survey in August–Septem ...
  • Combining local and international embeddedness in a rural context 

    Jørgensen, Eva Jenny Benedikte (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2022-10-27)
    The aim of this chapter is to explore the distinctiveness of international entrepreneurship in a rural context. Based on theory about international entrepreneurship, rural entrepreneurship and embeddedness, the study explores how international small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are embedded in their local and international contexts and how these two forms of embeddedness are combined. A case ...
  • Proximity dimensions and dynamics within an organisation: experiences from a change process 

    Jørgensen, Eva Jenny B.; Olafsen, Anja Hagen; Nilsen, Etty Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-16)
    Proximity between actors within an organisation can be relevant for interactive learning and innovation because it promotes collaboration and knowledge exchange. However, proximity has mainly been studied as a characteristic of the relationships between actors belonging to different organisations. In this paper, a case study of a faculty at a university is used to investigate proximity within this ...
  • Meroplankton on Arctic inflow shelves: Diversity, seasonality and origins of benthic invertebrate larvae on the Barents and Chukchi shelves 

    Descôteaux, Raphaëlle (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-10-05)
    Planktonic early life stages of marine benthic invertebrates play an important role in dispersal and at times represent a substantial proportion of the zooplankton. Information about the larval communities present on the Arctic inflow shelves of the Barents and Chukchi Seas, however, is incomplete and limited because of infrequent sampling and low resolution of identification. The aims of the work ...
  • Langt hjemmefra 

    Finstad, Bjørn-Petter; Normann, Anne Katrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2022-04-06)
    Europa står i en krisesituasjon, med den største strømmen av mennesker på flukt siden andre verdenskrig, og kvinner og barn betaler som vanlig en høy pris. Men krig har brakt ukrainske kvinner til Norge før.
  • Chemosynthetic and photosynthetic trophic support from cold seeps in Arctic benthic communities 

    Åström, Emmelie; Bluhm, Bodil; Rasmussen, Tine Lander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-17)
    Benthic communities below the photic zone are largely reliant on the export of surface-water primary production and the flux of partially degraded organic matter to the seabed, i.e. pelagic−benthic coupling. Over the past decades, however, the role of chemosynthetically produced carbon in food webs has been recognized in various habitats. Cold seeps are now known to be widespread across circumpolar ...
  • The space of animal justice in wildlife sanctuaries: a posthuman perspective 

    Tomassini, Lucia; Bertella, Giovanna; Grasso, Chiara; Lenzi, Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-14)
    The growing debate on the Anthropocene epoch urges a critical reflection on the relationship between human and non-human animals. This paper reflects on the space of animal justice in wildlife sanctuaries from a post-human perspective. Our perspective on wildlife sanctuaries relies on posthumanism and its potential in terms of offering both a new epistemology and a theoretical grounding for an ...
  • Electronic monitoring trials on in the tropical tuna purse-seine fishery 

    Ruiz, J; Batty, A; Chavance, P; McElderry, H; Restrepo, V; Sharples, P; Santos, Jorge; Urtizberea, A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-12-17)
    The difficulty of ensuring adequate statistical coverage of whole fleets is a challenge for the implementation of observer programmes and may reduce the usefulness of the data they obtain for management purposes. This makes it necessary to find cost-effective alternatives. Electronic monitoring (EM) systems are being used in some fisheries as an alternative or a complement to human observers. The ...
  • MyD88 interacts with interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3 and IRF7 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): transgenic SsMyD88 modulates the IRF-induced type I interferon response and accumulates in aggresomes 

    Iliev, Dimitar Borisov; Sobhkhez, Mehrdad; Fremmerlid, Kjersti Kongsgården; Jørgensen, Jorunn B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-10-11)
    Background: MyD88 directly interacts and affects IRF activation in mammals, but no information has been available about lower vertebrates.<p> <p>Results: Transgenic MyD88 interacts with IRF3 and IRF7A/B and modulates the IRF-induced IFN response and accumulates in aggresomes in Atlantic salmon. <p>Conclusion: MyD88 is involved in the regulation of the IRF-induced IFN response in Atlantic ...
  • Dataset on social and psychological effects of COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey 

    SARI, Emre; Kağan, Gamze; Şencan Karakuş, Buse; Özdemir, Özgür (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-23)
    This data was gathered to investigate how individuals’ levels of intolerance to distress and instant anxiety are related to some of the behaviors that people can change in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We present a dataset based on a four-wave survey of the social and psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey (N = 2,817). Turkey was heavily impacted by the first waves of infections ...
  • Horizontal and Vertical Migration of Anglerfish Lophius piscatorius in Relation to Hydrography in Faroese Waters 

    Ofstad, Lise Helen; Hátún, Hjálmar; Pedersen, Torstein; Steingrund, Petur; Mikkelsen, Bjarni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-04)
    Adult anglerfish conduct annual migrations between spawning areas and feeding areas; for Faroese waters this migration has so far not been described. Therefore, anglerfish migration and distribution in Faroese waters was investigated by mark-recapture studies, including data storage tags, as well as data from scientific trawl surveys, commercial trawlers and gillnetters. The fish distribution was ...
  • Fungal Planet description sheets: 1383–1435 

    Crous, Pedro W.; Ganzert, Lars; Rämä, Teppo; Groenewald, Johannes Z.; Boers, J.; Holdom, D.; Osieck, E.R.; Steinrucken, T.V.; Tan, Y.P.; Vitelli, J.S.; Shivas, R.G.; Barrett, M.; Boxshall, A.G.; Broadbridge, J.; Larsson, E.; Lebel, T.; Pinruan, U.; Sommai, S.; Alvarado, P.; Bonito, G.; Decock, C.A.; De la Peña-Lastra, S.; Delgado, G.; Houbraken, J.; Maciá-Vicente, J.G.; Raja, H.A.; Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A.; Rodríguez, A.; Wingfield, M.J.; Adams, S.J.; Akulov, A.; AL-Hidmi, T.; Antonín, V.; Arauzo, S.; Arenas, F.; Armada, F.; Aylward, J.; Bellanger, J-M.; Berraf-Tebbal, A.; Bidaud, A.; Boccardo, F.; Cabero, J.; Calledda, F.; Corriol, G.; Crane, J.L.; Dearnaley, J.D.W.; Dima, B.; Dovana, F.; Eichmeier, A.; Esteve-Raventós3, F.; Fine, M.; Ganzert, L.; García, D.; Torres-Garcia, D.; Gené, J.; Gutiérrez, A.; Iglesias, P.; Istel, Ł.; Jangsantear, P.; Jansen, G.M.; Jeppson, M.; Karun, N.C.; Karich, A.; Khamsuntorn, P.; Kokkonen, K.; Kolařík, M.; Kubátová, A.; Labuda, R.; Lagashetti, A.C.; Lifshitz, N.; Linde, C.; Loizides, M.; Luangsa-ard, J.J.; Lueangjaroenkit, P.; Mahadevakumar, S.; Mahamedi, A.E.; Malloch, D.W.; Marincowitz, S.; Mateos, A.; Moreau, P.-A.; Miller, A.N.; Molia, A.; Morte, A.; Navarro-Ródenas, A.; Nebesářová, J.; Nigrone, E.; Nuthan, B.R.; Oberlies, N.H.; Pepori, A.L.; Rapley, D.; Reschke, K.; Robicheau, B.M.; Roets, F.; Roux, J.; Saavedra, M.; Sakolrak, B.; Santini, A.; Ševčíková, H.; Singh, P.N.; Singh, S.K.; Somrithipol, S.; Spetik, M.; Sridhar, K.R.; Starink-Willemse, M.; Taylor, V.A.; van Iperen, A.L.; Vauras, J.; Walker, A.K.; Wingfield, B.D.; Yarden, O.; Cooke, A.W.; Manners, A.G.; Pegg, K.G. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-12)
    Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia, Agaricus albofoetidus, Agaricus aureoelephanti and Agaricus parviumbrus on soil, Fusarium ramsdenii from stem cankers of Araucaria cunninghamii, Keissleriella sporoboli from stem of Sporobolus natalensis, Leptosphaerulina queenslandica and Pestalotiopsis chiaroscuro from leaves of Sporobolus ...
  • Mixed interactions among life history stages of two harvested related species 

    Bellier, Edwige (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-07)
    Climate change and harvesting can affect the ecosystems' functioning by altering the population dynamics and interactions among species. Knowing how species interact is essential for better understanding potentially unintended consequences of harvest on multiple species in ecosystems. I analyzed how stage-specific interactions between two harvested competitors, the haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) ...
  • Livslang læring - fra slagord til reform 

    Arbo, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-15)
    Livslang læring er det nye mantraet. Det dukket opp som et slagord for utdanningsreform på 1970-tallet og er i dag noe som alle tilsynelatende er enige om. Men livslang læring har ulike betydninger og begrunnelser. Veien fra slagord til reform har også vært lang. Denne artikkelen gir et tilbakeblikk på den sammensatte bruken av begrepet og oppsummerer de viktigste reformene som har vært gjennomført ...
  • A review of the scientific knowledge of the seascape off Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica 

    Lowther, Andrew; von Quillfeldt, Cecilie; Assmy, Philipp; de Steur, Laura; Descamps, Sebastien; Divine, Dmitry V; Elvevold, Synnøve; Forwick, Matthias; Fransson, Agneta; Fraser, Alexander; Gerland, Sebastian; Granskog, Mats A.; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.; Hattermann, Tore; Itkin, Mikhail; Hop, Haakon; Husum, Katrine; Kovacs, Kit M.; Lydersen, Christian; Matsuoka, Kenichi; Miettinen, Arto; Moholdt, Geir; Moreau, Sebastien; Myhre, Per Inge; Orme, Lisa; Pavlova, Olga; Tandberg, Anne Helene S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-29)
    Despite the exclusion of the Southern Ocean from assessments of progress towards achieving the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Strategic Plan, the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) has taken on the mantle of progressing eforts to achieve it. Within the CBD, Aichi Target 11 represents an agreed commitment to protect 10% of the global coastal and ...

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