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  • Effects of season, bottom substrate and population dynamics on fish communities in shallow subarctic northeast Atlantic waters 

    Sørensen, Ole Johannes Ringnander; Pedersen, Torstein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-28)
    ish communities in the shallow waters (9–20 m depth) of outer Malangen (69o N), Northern Norway was studied to investigate effects of season, bottom substrate associations and population dynamic parameters on the fish assemblages. In four fieldtrips during one year at four locations, fish were sampled by trammel nets and bottom substrate composition was monitored by underwater video. A total of ...
  • Exploring the effect of habit strength on scholarly publishing 

    Moksness, Lars; Olsen, Svein Ottar; Tuu, Ho Huy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-30)
    Purpose - This study aims to explore the role of habit strength in explaining intention and open access (OA) and non-OA scholarly publishing.<p> <p>Design/methodology/approach - A decomposed theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is used as the conceptual framework to investigate a sample of 1,588 researchers from the major universities in Norway. Different latent construct models are analysed with a ...
  • Plant-Soil Feedback: Alpine Grassland Plants in Home and Away soil 

    Priyadarshi, Ribha (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-16)
    For the grassland, plant soil feedback (PSF) has been the focus of much recent research to understand plant species dynamics. Experimental methods are very important in the plant soil feedback (PSF) analysis, and it has been observed that various PSF experimental approaches yield in different feedback values. More field type experiments are required to understand the role of PSFs in plant communities ...
  • Effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on Spanish Cod market 

    Turnes Couselo, Ramón (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-17)
    Covid-19 was a pandemic situation that affect the world during 2020, creating an economic and health crisis due to the lockdowns that has affected all the sector of the economy including seafood sector. The subsequent lockdowns create disruptions on the supply chain, affecting the food system. The purpose of this thesis has been to explore how Covid-19 has affected the cod supply chain in Spain. ...
  • Skogens helsetilstand i Norge. Resultater fra skogskadeovervåkingen i 2020 

    Timmermann, Volkmar; Beachell, Andreas Myki; Brurberg, May Bente; Børja, Isabella; Clarke, Nicholas; Fløistad, Inger; Hietala, Ari Mikko; Hylen, Gro; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Nordbakken, Jørn-Frode; Pettersson, Martin; Solberg, Sverre; Solheim, Halvor; Talgø, Venche; Vindstad, Ole Petter Laksforsmo; Økland, Bjørn; Aas, Wenche (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2021-10-25)
    Skogens helsetilstand påvirkes i stor grad av klima og værforhold, enten direkte ved tørke, frost og vind, eller indirekte ved at klimaet påvirker omfanget av soppsykdommer og insektangrep. Klimaendringene og den forventede økningen i klimarelaterte skogskader gir store utfordringer for forvaltningen av framtidas skogressurser. Det samme gjør invaderende skadegjørere, både allerede etablerte arter ...
  • Endosymbiotic pathogen-inhibitory gut bacteria in three Indian Major Carps under polyculture system: A step toward making a probiotics consortium 

    Ghosh, Koushik; Mukherjee, Anjan; Dutta, Dipanjan; Banerjee, Sudeshna; Breines, Eva Marie; Hareide, Ellinor; Ringø, Einar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-10)
    The gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome in fish plays significant roles in health and disease resistance. This investigation was accomplished to enumerate, characterize and identify the potential probiotic bacteria from three Indian Major Carps (IMCs), viz., rohu (Labeo rohita), catla (Catla catla) and mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala) using culture dependent methods. Altogether, 105 pathogen-inhibitory ...
  • Transgenerational Health Effects of In Utero Exposure to Economic Hardship: Evidence from Preindustrial Southern Norway 

    Sari, Emre; Moilanen, Mikko; Sommerseth, Hilde Leikny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12)
    We studied whether in utero exposure to economic hardship during a grandmother's pregnancy has a transgenerational effect on her grandchildren's health condition. We used an individual-level three-generation data set covering people born between 1734 and 1840 in the municipality of Rendalen in Norway. We found a culling effect in which grandchildren whose grandmothers gave birth in years of economic ...
  • Development of a bio-optical model for the Barents Sea to quantitatively link glider and satellite observations 

    Kostakis, I.; Röttgers, R.; Orkney, A.; Bouman, H.A.; Porter, M.; Cottier, Finlo Robert; Berge, Jørgen; Mckee, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-31)
    A bio-optical model for the Barents Sea is determined from a set of in situ observations of inherent optical properties (IOPs) and associated biogeochemical analyses. The bio-optical model provides a pathway to convert commonly measured parameters from glider-borne sensors (CTD, optical triplet sensor— chlorophyll and CDOM fluorescence, backscattering coefficients) to bulk spectral IOPs ...
  • Topp-ledelsens involvering og læring i organisasjonen 

    Rakoczy, Emil (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-09)
    Formålet er å undersøke sammenhengen mellom toppledelsens involvering i kvalitetsstyring og læring i organisasjonen hos sykehuset Innlandet, med fokus på i hvilken grad topp-ledelsen må involvere seg. Oppgaven benytter en kvalitativ tilnærming under rammeverket til Malmi og Brown (Malmi & Brown, 2008). Det gjennomføres kvalitative intervjuer med ledelsen i organisasjonen på flere nivåer. Studien ...
  • Interactions between white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, seabirds and tourism; how the breeding success of the endangered black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla is affected 

    Myran, Ida Ward (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-17)
    In many seabird colonies along the coast of Norway, the increased population of white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and the growing industry of birdwatching tourism are causing a dilemma for management decisions. Thus, this study aimed to examine the indirect effect of white-tailed eagles and tourists on the breeding success of the endangered seabird species, black legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla ...
  • Bærekraftsmål og bruk av styringssystemer i norske dagligvarebutikker - En kvantitativ studie av holdnings- og barrieresystemer 

    Fjelltveit, Daniel Berg (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-02)
    Den langsiktige overlevelsen av organisasjoner og individer avhenger av et samfunn som er økonomisk, miljømessig og sosialt bærekraftig. Med utgangspunkt i dette forsøker studien å bidra med kunnskap om driverne bak bærekraft. Dette gjøres ved å undersøke om det er sammenhenger mellom bærekraftstrategi og styringssystemer gjennom følgende problemstilling: «Er det sammenheng mellom bærekraftstrategi ...
  • Decoupling of microbial community dynamics and functions in Arctic peat soil exposed to short term warming 

    Yang, Sizhong; Liebner, Susanne; Svenning, Mette Marianne; Tveit, Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-12)
    Temperature is an important factor governing microbe-mediated carbon feedback from permafrost soils. The link between taxonomic and functional microbial responses to temperature change remains elusive due to the lack of studies assessing both aspects of microbial ecology. Our previous study reported microbial metabolic and trophic shifts in response to short-term temperature increases in Arctic ...
  • Investorers beslutningspraksis 

    Bremmeng, Bjørnar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-01)
    Temaet for denne studien er investorers beslutningsprosess, og om investorene blir påvirket av ikke rasjonelle faktorer i prosessen. Formålet med studien er å undersøke om investeringer blir tatt på fundamentalt grunnlag. Jeg har tatt utgangspunkt i det rasjonelle synet på en investor, og lagt fundamental verdsetting som teoretisk utgangspunkt ved dette synet. Har videre innlemmet institusjonell ...
  • "Det var i alle fall et godt utgangspunkt" En studie i hvordan planlegge før implementering 

    Lund, Annelene Holm (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-11-26)
    Stadige forventninger om endrings- og effektiviseringsprosesser er i tråd med samfunnsutviklingen, og har dreid økonomistyring i det offentlige mot krav om en mer effektiv ressursutnyttelse. Min studie gjennomføres i en kommune som er i ferd med å bytte til nytt økonomisystem, som en følge av å drifte kommunen på en mest mulig effektiv måte. Formålet med denne studien er å se på hvordan forberedelsen ...
  • Zooplankton and sediment fluxes in two contrasting fjords reveal Atlantification of the Arctic 

    Weydmann-Zwolicka, Agata; Prątnicka, Paula; Łącka, Magdalena; Majaneva, Sanna; Cottier, Finlo Robert; Berge, Jørgen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-04)
    Svalbard fjords are facing a significant increase in Atlantic water inflow, which influences all ecosystem components, thus the objective of this study was to assess how recent Atlantification impacts the functioning of zooplankton community. For this purpose, two year-round operating sediment traps and associated hydrographic instruments, providing continuous time series of zooplankton and sediment ...
  • Bycatch reduction in the deep-water shrimp (Pandalus borealis) trawl fishery by increasing codend mesh openness 

    Jacques, Nadine; Cerbule, Kristine; Pettersen, Hermann; Herrmann, Bent; Ingólfsson, Ólafur; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Larsen, Roger B.; Brinkhof, Jesse; Grimaldo, Vela Eduardo; Brčić, Jure; Lilleng, Dagfinn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-03)
    In most trawl fisheries, drag forces tend to close the meshes in large areas of diamond mesh codends, negatively affecting their selective potential. In the Barents Sea deep-water shrimp (Pandalus borealis) trawl fishery, selectivity is based on a sorting grid followed by a diamond mesh codend. However, the retention of juvenile fish as well as undersized shrimp is still a problem. In this study, ...
  • Immunostimulant Bathing Influences the Expression of Immune- and Metabolic-Related Genes in Atlantic Salmon Alevins 

    Figueiredo, Filipe; Kristoffersen, Harald; Bhat, Shripathi; Zhang, Zuobing; Godfroid, Jacques; Peruzzi, Stefano; Præbel, Kim; Dalmo, Roy Ambli; Xu, Xiaoli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-29)
    Disease resistance of fish larvae may be improved by bath treatment in water containing immunostimulants. Pattern recognition receptors, such as TLR3, TLR7, and MDA5, work as an “early warning” to induce intracellular signaling and facilitate an antiviral response. A single bath of newly hatched larvae, with Astragalus, upregulated the expression of IFNα, IFNc, ISG15, MDA5, PKR, STAT1, TLR3, and ...
  • Susceptibility of polar cod (Boreogadus saida) to a model carcinogen 

    Lerebours, Adélaïde; Murzina, Svetlana; Song, You; Tollefsen, Knut-Erik; Benedetti, Maura; Regoli, Francesco; Rotchell, Jeanette M.; Nahrgang, Jasmine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-27)
    Studies that aim to characterise the susceptibility of the ecologically relevant and non-model fish polar cod (Boreogadus saida) to model carcinogens are required. Polar cod were exposed under laboratory conditions for six months to control, 0.03 μg BaP/g fish/week and 0.3 μg BaP/g fish/week dietary benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a reference carcinogen. The concentrations of the 3-OH-BaP bile metabolite and ...
  • Variable responses of carbon and nitrogen contents in vegetation and soil to herbivory and warming in high-Arctic tundra 

    Petit Bon, Matteo; Bøhner, Hanna; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Ravolainen, Virve; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-21)
    Chemical responses of tundra vegetation and tundra soil to environmental changes are likely to differ, with implications for ecosystem functioning, yet they are rarely compared. Here, we aimed at comparing sensitivity and magnitude of short-term carbon and nitrogen responses of three main tundra ecosystem compartments: vascular plants, mosses, and soil, to two environmental perturbations: herbivore ...
  • Powder Fever and Its Impact on Decision-Making in Avalanche Terrain 

    Mannberg, Andrea; Hetland, Audun; Hendrikx, Jordy; Johnson, Jerry (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-09)
    We examined the effect of emotions, associated with “powder fever”, on decision-making in avalanche terrain. Background: Skiing in avalanche terrain is a voluntary activity that exposes the participant to potentially fatal risk. Impaired decision-making in this context can therefore have devastating results, often with limited prior corrective feedback and learning opportunities. Previous research ...

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