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  • Protection of Atlantic salmon against virus infection by intramuscular injection of IFNc expression plasmid 

    Chang, Chia Jung; Robertsen, Camilla; Sun, Baojian; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-07-02)
    n this work we have tested the in vivo antiviral activity of type I interferons (IFNs) in Atlantic salmon by injecting presmolts intramuscularly (i.m.) with plasmids encoding IFNa1, IFNb or IFNc under the control of a CMV promoter, and measured expression of antiviral genes in organs and protection against infection with infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV)infection. Allthree IFN plasmids induced ...
  • Sea ice dependence in Arctic marine organisms: life cycles, resource use, and trophic linkages 

    Kunisch, Erin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-06-01)
    Climate warming in the Arctic has resulted in widespread changes in the physical oceanographic characteristics of the Arctic Ocean. One particularly visible change is the loss of sea ice both within the Arctic Ocean and in the surrounding shelf seas. Compared to the other shelf seas, the Barents Sea has experienced the largest declines in sea ice extent, with much of this loss occurring during winter. ...
  • Modeling the "microbial chassis effect" on the performance of a genetic switch 

    Verusevski, Vanja (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-03-21)
    Escherichia coli is one of the most established bacterial hosts for genetic devices, partially due to the available knowledge and tools for ease of manipulation. However, there is an incentive to increase the current number of available recipients. For instance, marine bacteria are being recognized for their potential as microbial "chassis" due to their rich genetic and metabolic diversity. With ...
  • Trade volume affects bitcoin energy consumption and carbon footprint 

    Sarkodie, Samuel Asumadu; Yakubu, Maruf Ahmed; Leirvik, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-16)
    The environmental sustainability of bitcoin is making waves in the empirical literature, yet, no study has thus far examined the financial determinants of bitcoin energy consumption and carbon footprint. Here, we use novel estimation methods comprising dynamic ARDL simulations and general-to-specific VAR to examine steady-state effects, cumulative impulse-response, and counterfactual shocks of bitcoin ...
  • Divergent functional traits in three sympatric Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus morphs are not coupled with the age of the lineage divergence 

    Bryce, Carolyn; Alicia, Fraser; Knudsen, Rune; Greer, Ron; Adams, Colin Ean (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-24)
    Three genetically discrete morphs of Arctic charr in Loch Rannoch, Scotland originated from a recent divergence within the lake (in situ) (piscivore and benthivore morphs) and from secondary contact of two older lineages (ex situ; a planktivore–piscivore/ benthivore divergence). To test if the expression of traits with strong functional roles was linked to the age of the divergence, fin and ...
  • The use of stated preferences and bio-economic modeling in marine ecosystem service management: Case studies from Arctic Norway 

    Ahi, Julide Ceren (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-06-09)
    <p>Regarding the growing population and escalated development on the coasts, the environmental policymakers often face the dilemma of exploiting or protecting marine and coastal ecosystem services (ES). Therefore, the non-market valuation has become an essential instrument for supporting policymakers in eliciting preferences and welfare estimates regarding various ES, which further feed into the ...
  • Get out of the BAG! Silos in AI Ethics Education: Unsupervised Topic Modeling Analysis of Global AI Curricula 

    Javed, Rana Tallal; Nasir, Osama; Vanhée, Loïs; Borit, Melania; Zea, Elias; Gupta, Shivam; Vinuesa, Ricardo; Qadir, Junaid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-26)
    The domain of Artificial Intelligence (AI) ethics is not new, with discussions going back at least 40 years. Teaching the principles and requirements of ethical AI to students is considered an essential part of this domain, with an increasing number of technical AI courses taught at several higher-education institutions around the globe including content related to ethics. By using Latent Dirichlet ...
  • Monitoring bacterial community dynamics in a drinking water treatment plant: an integrative approach using metabarcoding and microbial indicators in large water volumes 

    Pinar-Méndez, Anna; Wangensteen, Owen S.; Præbel, Kim; Galofré, Belén; Méndez, Javier; Blanch, Anicet R.; García-Aljaro, Cristina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-30)
    Monitoring bacterial communities in a drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) may help to understand their regular operations. Bacterial community dynamics in an advanced full-scale DWTP were analyzed by 16S rRNA metabarcoding, and microbial water quality indicators were determined at nine different stages of potabilization: river water and groundwater intake, decantation, sand filtration, ozonization, ...
  • Population cycles in small rodents seen through the lens of a wildlife camera 

    Kleiven, Eivind Flittie (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-06-08)
    Population cycles in small rodents have attracted attention from ecologists for more than a century. This spectacular phenomenon is crucial for the functioning of many northern food-webs and has intrigued ecologist because of its lessons for general ecology. Knowledge about the rodent cycle has, however, been hampered by the lack of reliable monitoring methods both for rodents and some of their ...
  • For all audiences: Incorporating immature stages into standardised spider inventories has a major impact on the assessment of biodiversity patterns 

    Domènech, Marc; Wangensteen, Owen S.; Enguídanos, Alba; Malumbres-Olarte, Jagoba; Arnedo, Miquel A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-25)
    Although arthropods are the largest component of animal diversity, they are traditionally underrepresented in biological inventories and monitoring programmes. However, no biodiversity assessment can be considered informative without including them. Arthropod immature stages are often discarded during sorting, despite frequently representing more than half of the collected individuals. To date, ...
  • Kiselalger som fôrkomponent i laksefôr. Biokjemisk sammensetning og fettsyreprofil hos atlantisk laks (Salmo salar L.) fôret med ulike lipid- og proteinkilder 

    Heimland, Maria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-15)
    Det økende behovet for marine ressurser som ingrediens i fôr har ført til et søk etter nye ressurser, da dagens ressurser ikke lengre er bærekraftig. For å øke utbytte er det foreslått å rette søket lengre ned i næringskjeden. Marine kiselalger er et eksempel på slike organismer. Disse er ikke godt utnyttet i dag, hovedsakelig på grunn av manglende kunnskap rundt teknologi, samt forskning på hvilke ...
  • Pathogen exposure surveillance in Southern Ocean pinnipeds 

    Núñez Egido, Sandra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    An increased pressure of human activities that can introduce new infectious agents and therefore alter host-pathogen interactions, resulting in epizootics and biodiversity loss, challenges the Southern Ocean. Health status information and the potential effect of disease outbreaks in the Southern Ocean fauna is scare and evaluating the susceptibility to new infectious agents is decisive for its ...
  • Kundeopplevelser gjennom en bankbytteprosess. En studie av kundereisen fra gammel til ny bank 

    Isaksen, Anja (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-03-01)
    Formålet med denne studien var å avdekke kundeopplevelser gjennom en bankbytteprosess, som en studie av kundereisen fra gammel til ny bank. I henhold til det teoretiske rammeverket for kundereiser, ble bankbytteprosessen delt opp i tre faser, før, under og etter bankbytte. Videre ble bankkunders opplevelser knyttet til hver fase undersøkt. Opplevelse er i denne sammenheng definert som en helhetlig ...
  • Ufordøyelig binder i fôr til laks - evaluering av velferd og tilvekst 

    Tronsen, Kristina Finden (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-18)
    Med stadig økning i produksjon av oppdrettslaks og et relativt lavt antall tilgjengelig vannkilder til smoltproduksjon, ser man økt bygging av RAS-anlegg. Ved rensing av produksjonsvannet er første vannbehandlingstrinn mekanisk filtrering etterfulgt av biofiltrering, rensesystemets flaskehals. Biofilteret renser vannet for nitrogenholdige molekyler (TAN), som er giftig for laks, og er sensitivt for ...
  • The distribution of Eubothrium crassum (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) in brown trout, Salmo trutta, in allopatric and sympatric populations 

    Hofstad Lian, Anne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-17)
    Sticklebacks in particular have been suspected to have a role in transmission of E. crassum to its final host, the brown trout. In this study, prevalence and mean abundance of E. crassum in trout have been examined in allopatric and sympatric populations to address the suspected role of sticklebacks in the life cycle of E. crassum. 1106 trout from 22 lakes in the northern parts of Norway were ...
  • Ordningen med utviklingstillatelser Et bidrag til innovasjon i norsk oppdrettsnæring 

    Bekkeli, Karl Erik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-15)
    Norsk oppdrettsnæring har opplevd eventyrlig vekst. I løpet av en et halvt århundre har næringen utviklet seg fra omtrent ingenting til å bli blant våre viktigste og største eksportnæringer. Veksten har i stor grad skyltes oppdretternes kontinuerlige produktivitetsforbedringer, basert på forbedring av utstyr, avl og utvikling av vaksiner og fôr. Skal eventyret få fortsette er næringen avhengig av å ...
  • Robuste sjømatinntekter også under COVID-19 pandemien 

    Bertheussen, Bernt Arne; Bendiksen, Bjørn Inge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-09)
    Norge er verdens nest største eksportør av sjømat. Inntektene skaper arbeid og aktivitet i lokalsamfunn langs hele kysten. Denne studien undersøker hvor sårbare inntektene til sjømatnæringen har vært under Covid-19 pandemien som har preget mesteparten av 2020 og hele 2021. I tillegg til å analysere inntektsutviklingen på aggregert nivå for fiskeri og havbruk, presenterer studien sektorvise analyser ...
  • Vi trenger flere sjømat-influensere! 

    Alm, Siril (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2022-04-29)
    Til tross for at folk er blitt mer opptatt av å ha et sunt kosthold, har sjømatkonsumet vært dalende i flere år – spesielt blant den unge befolkningen. Kan sosiale medier og influensere være løsningen på problemet?
  • The future of Arctic sea-ice biogeochemistry and ice-associated ecosystems 

    Lannuzel, Delphine; Tedesco, Letizia; Leeuwe, Maria van; Campbell, Karley; Flores, Hauke; Delille, Bruno; Miller, Lisa; Stefels, Jacqueline; Assmy, Philipp; Bowman, Jeff; Brown, Kristina; Castellani, Giulia; Chierici, Melissa; Crabeck, Odile; Damm, Ellen; Else, Brent; Fransson, Agneta; Fripiat, Francois; Geilfus, Nicolas-Xavier; Jacques, Caroline; Jones, Elizabeth; Kaartokallio, Hermanni; kotovitch, marie; Meiners, Klaus M.; Moreau, Sebastien; Nomura, Daiki; Peeken, Ilka; Rintala, Janne-Markus; Steiner, Nadja; Tison, Jean-Louis; Vancoppenolle, Martin; Linden, Fanny Van der; Vichi, Marcello; Wongpan, Pat (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-27)
    The Arctic sea-ice-scape is rapidly transforming. Increasing light penetration will initiate earlier seasonal primary production. This earlier growing season may be accompanied by an increase in ice algae and phytoplankton biomass, augmenting the emission of dimethylsulfide and capture of carbon dioxide. Secondary production may also increase on the shelves, although the loss of sea ice exacerbates ...
  • Antimikrobielle forbindelser i kongsnegl (Buccinum undatum) og neptunsnegl (Neptunea despecta) 

    Martinsen, Lindsey Leigh Beecher (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-15)
    Det økende antall patogene bakteriestammer som utvikler resistens mot dagens kommersielle antibiotika er en av de største truslene mot den globale helsen i vår tid. Infeksjonssykdommer som tidligere kunne behandles med antibiotika har nå nesten blitt umulige å behandle, det er derfor et umiddelbart behov for nye typer antibiotika med nye virkningsmekanismer enn det som allerede eksisterer på markedet. ...

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