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  • Atlantic salmon immune responses after infection with intracellular pathogens 

    van der Wal, Yorick Andreas (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-21)
    We focused on the responses of two arms of the Atlantic salmon immune system against intracellular pathogens: the antibody (Ab) production by B cells after challenge with the facultative intracellular bacterium <i>Pisciricketsia salmonis</i> and the interferon (IFN) responses in a salmonid cell line against salmon alphavirus (SAV), infectious necrotic pancreas virus (IPNV), and <i>P. salmonis</i>. ...
  • Distribution, conservation status and proposed measures for preservation of Radiodiscus microgastropods in Chile 

    Collado, Gonzalo A.; Salvador, Rodrigo Brincalepe; Vidal, Marcela; Aravena, Fernanda P.; Delgado, Vannia; Torres-Díaz, Cristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-10)
    The genus Radiodiscus includes minute terrestrial snails occurring throughout the American continent. We assessed the conservation status of eight poorly known Chilean Radiodiscus species using the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and NatureServe categories and criteria. Under the IUCN guidelines the species were assessed using the Criterion B of geographic range, which ...
  • Consulting on the European Union's 2050 tourism policies: An appreciative inquiry materiality assessment 

    Guix, Mireia; Font aulet, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-22)
    Stakeholder consultations serve as powerful legitimising devices upon the balance of participants, the quality of the process and its effective results. We propose a deliberative digital stakeholder consultation methodology based on an appreciative inquiry approach to materiality assessment. We illustrate its application in a four-month consultation for the European Commission (2020 European Tourism ...
  • How environmental gain messages affect cause involvement, attitude and behavioural intentions: the moderating effects of CSR scepticism and biospheric values 

    Stadlthanner, Katja Anna; Andreu, Luisa; Font aulet, Xavier; Ribeiro, Manuel Alector; Currás-Pérez, Rafael (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-27)
    Purpose - This study examines the direct effect of outcome message frames (gain vs loss) on cause involvement and the moderating roles of consumers' corporate social responsibility (CSR) scepticism and biospheric values. Furthermore, the authors analyse (1) the effects of gain-framed messages on consumer attitudes towards an environmental cause (i.e. the use of reusable coffee cups) and towards the ...
  • Standing with our hometowns? The relationship between residents' perceived threat from COVID-19 and intention to support tourism recovery in their hometown 

    Liu, Yan; Cao, XinYue; Font aulet, Xavier; Cao, XingPing (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-17)
    A hometown is the place to which an individual has an affective bond resulting from either being born there or living there for lived for a long time. This article investigates people's intention to support the revival of tourism in their hometowns post-COVID-19. The research hypothesises that individuals are affected by the threat to ontological security, freedom of movement, and freedom of ...
  • Trustworthy or misleading communication of voluntary carbon offsets in the aviation industry 

    Guix, Mireia; Ollé, Claudia; Font aulet, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-13)
    We assess the communications of 37 airlines on their own websites regarding voluntary carbon offsets (VCO) to determine the extent to which they are either trustworthy or misleading. We propose an innovative coding framework that captures the trustworthy or misleading attributes of the messages as they are applied to: i) the type of claim (product, process, fact or image), and ii) the nature of ...
  • COVID-19 social distancing compliance mechanisms: UK evidence 

    Wu, Jialin (Snow); Font aulet, Xavier; McCamley, Claire (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-23)
    Non-compliance with social distancing (SD) measures clearly has negative effects on both public health and post-pandemic economic recovery. However, little is as yet known about people's views on and factors influencing their behavioral intentions toward SD measures. This study draws on moral disengagement theory and the norm-activation model to investigate mechanisms that promote or hinder compliance ...
  • In search of innovation capability and its sources in local government organizations: a critical interpretative synthesis of the literature 

    Gullmark, Petter; Clausen, Tommy Høyvarde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-05)
    Empirical research has identified a long list of antecedents that promote innovation in local government organizations. However, less is known about how and why diverse antecedents—as well as their interplay—stimulate local government organizations to innovate and create public value. We address this gap through a systematic and critical interpretive synthesis of the empirical literature on innovation ...
  • How Many Reindeer? UAV Surveys as an Alternative to Helicopter or Ground Surveys for Estimating Population Abundance in Open Landscapes 

    Paulsen, Ingrid M.; Pedersen, Åshild Ø; Hann, Richard; Blanchet, Marie-Anne; Eischeid, Isabell; van Hazendonk, Charlotte Maartje; Ravolainen, Virve; Stien, Audun; Le Moullec, Mathilde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-20)
    Conservation of wildlife depends on precise and unbiased knowledge on the abundance and distribution of species. It is challenging to choose appropriate methods to obtain a sufficiently high detectability and spatial coverage matching the species characteristics and spatiotemporal use of the landscape. In remote regions, such as in the Arctic, monitoring efforts are often resource-intensive and there ...
  • Social commerce constructs and consumers' purchase intention from minimalist brands 

    Zarea, Hadi; Su, Zhan; Abdollahi, Hooman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-17)
    The social media and online communities have established new platforms for e-commerce by engaging both consumers and corporations in producing new product or services. Moreover, individuals' interaction on the cyberspace has evolved e-commerce towards social commerce. On the other hand, business incorporations have found the use of minimalism application in designing, which removes unnecessary ...
  • Morphological features of the testis of freshwater blood flukes of the genus Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905, with consideration of the testicular patterns in the Aporocotylidae 

    Poddubnaya, Larisa G.; Zhokhov, Alexander E.; Hemmingsen, Willy; MacKenzie, Ken (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-13)
    This is the first detailed study assessing the morphological features of the testis and testicular sperm of members of the freshwater blood flukes Sanguinicola sp. from Leuciscus idus (Cyprinidae) and for S. volgensis from Pelecus cultratus (Cyprinidae), and the marine blood fluke Aporocotyle simplex from Hippoglossoides platessoides (Pleuronectidae). The present study reports a unique feature in ...
  • Brucella melitensis biovar 1 isolation in a captive wildlife population in the United Arab Emirates. First isolation in the scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) 

    Lignereux, Louis; Chabert, Anne-Lise; Fretin, David; Godfroid, Jacques Xavier Leon; Saegerman, Claude (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-07)
    In 2013, Brucella melitensis biovar 1 was recovered from the stomach contents of a scimitar-horned Oryx - SHO (Oryx dammah) aborted foetus, and from the articular fluid of a sand gazelle (Gazella marica) in a captive wildlife collection near Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Other evidence of exposure to the pathogen was collected through serological testing (Rose Bengal test) and B. melitensis-specific ...
  • The effect of temperature on growth performance and aerobic metabolic scope in Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.) 

    Beuvard, Christian; Imsland, Albert; Thorarensen, Helgi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-06)
    In recent years, Arctic char populations in Iceland have declined and the objective of this experiment was to throw further light on these changes by examining the effect of temperature (5, 9, 13, 17, and 21 °C) on the survival, growth rate, metabolism, and physiological indices of juvenile Arctic charr (initial mean body mass 4.02 ± 0.8 g). Mortality was 60% at 21 °C while at lower temperatures it ...
  • Macrozooplankton and micronekton diversity and associated carbon vertical patterns and fluxes under distinct productive conditions around the Kerguelen Islands 

    Cotté, C.; Ariza, A.; Berne, A.; Habasque, J.; Lebourges-Dhaussy, A.; Roudaut, G.; Espinasse, Boris Dristan; Hunt, B.P.V.; Pakhomov, E.A.; Henschke, N.; Péron, C.; Conchon, A.; Koedooder, C.; Izard, L.; Cherel, Y. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-13)
    Mesopelagic communities are characterized by a large biomass of diverse macrozooplankton and micronekton (MM) performing diel vertical migration (DVM) connecting the surface to the deeper ocean and contributing to biogeochemical fluxes. In the Southern Ocean, a prominent High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) and low carbon export region, the contribution of MM to the vertical carbon flux of the ...
  • Impacts of Nile tilapia cage culture on water and bottom sediment quality: The ability of an eutrophic lake to absorb and dilute perturbations 

    Musa, Safina; Aura, Christopher Mulanda; Tomasson, Tumi; Sigurgeirsson, Ólafur; Thorarensen, Helgi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-07)
    Environmentally sustainable aquaculture depends on accurate understanding of the impacts of aquaculture-derived organic matter (AOM) and the ability of aquaculture systems to absorb and dilute perturbations. To this end, the present study assessed the impacts of AOM from cage culture of Nile tilapia on the ecology of Lake Victoria, Kenya, using fish cages near Anyanga Beach in Siaya County from ...
  • Mucosal Environment Induces Phage Susceptibility in Streptococcus mutans 

    Sundberg, Lotta-Riina; Rantanen, Noora; de Freitas Almeida, Gabriel Magno (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-19)
    Pathogenic bacteria are attracted toward mucosa, as it is their way of entry into the body. However, we know surprisingly little about the phage-bacterium interactions in the mucosal environment. Here, we explored the effect of the mucosal environment on growth characteristics and phage-bacterium interactions in Streptococcus mutans, a causative agent of dental caries. We found that although mucin ...
  • Global Patterns and Controls of Nutrient Immobilization on Decomposing Cellulose in Riverine Ecosystems 

    Costello, David M.; Tiegs, Scott D.; Boyero, Luz; Canhoto, Cristina; Capps, Krista A.; Danger, Michael; Frost, Paul C.; Gessner, Mark O.; Griffiths, Natalie A.; Halvorson, Halvor M.; Kuehn, Kevin A.; Marcarelli, Amy M.; Royer, Todd V.; Mathie, Devan M.; Albariño, Ricardo J.; Arango, Clay P.; Aroviita, Jukka; Baxter, Colden V.; Bellinger, Brent J.; Bruder, Andreas; Burdon, Francis J.; Callisto, Marcos; Camacho, Antonio; Colas, Fanny; Cornut, Julien; Crespo-Pérez, Verónica; Cross, Wyatt F.; Derry, Alison M.; Douglas, Michael M.; Elosegi, Arturo; de Eyto, Elvira; Ferreira, Verónica; Ferriol, Carmen; Fleituch, Tadeusz; Follstad Shah, Jennifer J.; Frainer, André; Garcia, Erica A.; García, Liliana; García, Pavel E.; Giling, Darren P.; Gonzales-Pomar, R. Karina; Graça, Manuel A. S.; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Guérold, François; Hepp, Luiz U.; Higgins, Scott N.; Hishi, Takuo; Iñiguez-Armijos, Carlos; Iwata, Tomoya; Kirkwood, Andrea E.; Koning, Aaron A.; Kosten, Sarian; Laudon, Hjalmar; Leavitt, Peter R.; Lemes da Silva, Aurea L.; Leroux, Shawn J.; LeRoy, Carri J.; Lisi, Peter J.; Masese, Frank O.; McIntyre, Peter B.; McKie, Brendan G.; Medeiros, Adriana O.; Miliša, Marko; Miyake, Yo; Mooney, Robert J.; Muotka, Timo; Nimptsch, Jorge; Paavola, Riku; Pardo, Isabel; Parnikoza, Ivan Y.; Patrick, Christopher J.; Peeters, Edwin T. H. M.; Pozo, Jesus; Reid, Brian; Richardson, John S.; Rincón, José; Risnoveanu, Geta; Robinson, Christopher T.; Santamans, Anna C.; Simiyu, Gelas M.; Skuja, Agnija; Smykla, Jerzy; Sponseller, Ryan A.; Teixeira-de Mello, Franco; Vilbaste, Sirje; Villanueva, Verónica D.; Webster, Jackson R.; Woelfl, Stefan; Xenopoulos, Marguerite A.; Yates, Adam G.; Yule, Catherine M.; Zhang, Yixin; Zwart, Jacob A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-18)
    Microbes play a critical role in plant litter decomposition and influence the fate of carbon in rivers and riparian zones. When decomposing low-nutrient plant litter, microbes acquire nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from the environment (i.e., nutrient immobilization), and this process is potentially sensitive to nutrient loading and changing climate. Nonetheless, environmental controls on immobilization ...
  • The Role of Internal Legitimacy in Shifting a Large Established Company Towards Sustainability. A Case Study of a Sustainable Transition Shift in the Oil and Gas Industry 

    Jaber, Tahrir (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-16)
    <p>This thesis is motivated by the need to involve sustainability in the oil and gas industry. This thesis focuses on the sustainable transition in Equinor, the Norwegian oil and gas company. It looks, particularly, at a large established oil and gas company undergoing a sustainable change and how it performs its transition into sustainability. However, this transition poses challenges to a large ...
  • The rapid spread of the girdled snail Hygromia cinctella in New Zealand (Gastropoda: Helicoidea) 

    Salvador, Rodrigo Brincalepe; Ravalo, Lorenzo G. O.; Tennyson, Alan J. D. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    The girdled snail Hygromia cinctella originates from southern Europe but has been introduced to countries in northern Europe and, more recently, to Aotearoa New Zealand. In the latter country, the girdled snail was first noted in 2015 in Wellington, but it has since spread to other regions of the North Island. We report here the rapid spread of this exotic species in New Zealand and record its ...
  • The release of common pheasants and grey partridges for pointing dog training- consequences for biodiversity, animal welfare and health -Scientific Opinion of the Panel on biodiversity of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment 

    Rueness, Eli Knispel; Asmyhr, Maria Gulbrandsen; Basic, Dean; Eldegard, Katrine; Janczak, Andrew Michael; Ytrehus, Bjørnar; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Berg, Paul Ragnar; Bryn, Anders; Geange, Sonya Rita; Hindar, Kjetil; Hole, Lars Robert; Kirkendall, Lawrence Richard; Nielsen, Anders; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Sandercock, Brett; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Velle, Gaute (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-11-30)

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