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  • Effects of ‘doctor shopping’ behaviour on prescription of addictive drugs in Sweden 

    Zykova, Yana; Mannberg, Andrea; Myrland, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-22)
    Free choice of health care providers is aimed to improve the quality of health care by increasing both access to it and the competition between providers. However, it may also give patients possibilities for doctor shopping (DS) behaviour, i.e., visiting different providers to receive illicit drug prescriptions. Abuse of prescribed addictive drugs is a growing problem worldwide and is associated ...
  • We need more seafood influencers! 

    Alm, Siril (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-06)
    Despite the fact that people have become more concerned with having a healthy diet, seafood consumption has been declining for several years - especially among the young population. The health authorities recommend eating seafood for dinner two to three times a week, ie 300 to 450 grams of fish, to provide a basis for good health [1]. Norwegian statistics indicates that it is the oldest consumers ...
  • Food retailers’ motivation and barriers for donating surplus food to schools 

    Alm, Siril (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-06)
    The word is facing a food crisis that could affect millions of people worldwide. The newest reports estimate that that 811 million people go to bed hungry every night, and that the number of those facing acute food insecurity has more than doubled since 2019- from 135 million to 276 million [1]. Conflicts are the main driver for hunger. The war in Ukraine illustrates how conflicts force people out ...
  • Resource partitioning may limit interspecific competition among Arctic fish species during early life 

    Bouchard, Caroline; Chawarski, Julek; Geoffroy, Maxime; Klasmeier, Apasiri; Møller, Eva Friis; Mohn, Christian; Agersted, Mette Dalgaard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-28)
    Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) strongly dominates the ichthyoplankton assemblages of High Arctic seas, hence competition with other native species seldom has been studied. Yet, interspecific competition could negatively impact the survival of early life stages of fishes in Arctic areas where higher diversity prevails. We surveyed the ichthyoplankton community of the Greenland Sea, in August–September ...
  • Benthic transition zones in the Atlantic gateway to a changing Arctic ocean 

    Jørgensen, Lis Lindal; Pecuchet, Laurene; Ingvaldsen, Randi Brunvær; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-06)
    The biogeographic transition from boreal to Arctic marine communities entails a strong taxonomic and functional turnover. Communities living in these areas are being strongly affected by climate warming with rapid reorganizations and change in ecosystem functioning. We assess the megabenthic species composition and functional character in a transition zone around Svalbard. The relationships between ...
  • Forage fish as a predator: summer and autumn diet of Atlantic herring in Trinity Bay, Newfoundland 

    Randall, Jessica R.; Murphy, Hannah M.; Robert, Dominique; Geoffroy, Maxime (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-28)
    Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus; hereafter herring) is a forage fish that transfers energy from lower to higher trophic levels and sustains high-volume fisheries in the North Atlantic. This study aims to improve our understanding of the ecology of Newfoundland herring and its vulnerability to climate change by identifying key prey items and describing adult herring feeding strategies. We compared ...
  • A risk assessment review of mercury exposure in Arctic marine and terrestrial mammals 

    Dietz, Rune; Letcher, Robert J.; Aars, Jon; Andersen, Magnus; Boltunov, Andrei; Born, Erik W.; Ciesielski, Tomasz Maciej; Das, Krishna; Dastnai, Sam; Derocher, Andrew E.; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Eulaers, Igor; Ferguson, Steve; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.; Heide-Jørgensen, Mads P.; Heimbürger-Boavida, Lars-Eric; Hoekstra, Paul F.; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Kohler, Stephen Gustav; Larsen, Martin M.; Lindstrøm, Ulf Ove; Lippold, Anna; Morris, Adam; Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob; Nielsen, Nynne H.; Peacock, Elizabeth E.; Rigét, Frank F.; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Routti, Heli Anna Irmeli; Siebert, Ursula; Stenson, Garry; Stern, Gary; Strand, Jakob; Søndergaard, Jens; Treu, Gabriele; Víkingsson, Gisli A.; Wang, Feiyue; Welker, Jeffrey M.; Wilson, Simon J.; Sonne, Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-16)
    There has been a considerable number of reports on Hg concentrations in Arctic mammals since the last Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) effort to review biological effects of the exposure to mercury (Hg) in Arctic biota in 2010 and 2018. Here, we provide an update on the state of the knowledge of health risk associated with Hg concentrations in Arctic marine and terrestrial mammal ...
  • Successive extreme climatic events lead to immediate, large-scale, and diverse responses from fish in the Arctic 

    Husson, Berengere; Lind, Sigrid; Fossheim, Maria; Solvang, Hiroko Kato; Skern-Mauritzen, Mette; Pecuchet, Laurene; Ingvaldsen, Randi Brunvær; Dolgov, Andrey V.; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-06)
    The warming trend of the Arctic is punctuated by several record-breaking warm years with very low sea ice concentrations. The nature and reversibility of marine ecosystem responses to these multiple extreme climatic events (ECEs) are poorly understood. Here, we investigate the ecological signatures of three successive bottom temperature maxima concomitant with surface ECEs between 2004 and 2017 in ...
  • Initial experiments to assess short-term survival of discarded plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) caught in trammel nets during winter season 

    Ern, Rasmus; Molbo, Katrine; Jensen, Trine H.; Kucheryavskiy, Sergey V.; Møller, Peter Daniel Rask; Madsen, Niels (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-09)
    European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a key species in commercial fisheries in the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and Baltic Sea. The reformed European Union Common Fisheries Policy includes the possibility of exemptions from the landing obligation for “species for which scientific evidence demonstrates high survival rates”. Discard survival from set-net fisheries is poorly studied. Trials ...
  • Resultater av NFD prosjekt: “Sjømat som hverdagsmiddag" 

    Alm, Siril (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-03-17)
  • Bruk av internregnskap som faktor for motivasjon hos de ansatte. En kvalitativ casestudie av muligheten til å bruke internregnskapets nøkkelinformasjon som motivasjonsfaktor for de ansatte. Kan informasjonsdeling fra regnskap bidra til en mer effektiv drift? 

    Olsen, Karina B. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-01)
    Studien var ute etter å svare på problemstillingen; Hvordan brukes tall fra regnskap og rapporter fra driften for å skape motivasjon internt i en bedrift Ved bruk av kvalitativ metode, med case studie har jeg svart på denne oppgavens problemstilling. Ved bruk av intervju har jeg fått et innblikk i mine 6 informanters arbeidshverdag, og opparbeidet meg kunnskap deres tanker om motivasjon. Konklusjonen ...
  • Spatiotemporal Variations in Trace Element Compositions in Pollock Populations under the Influence of Coastal Norwegian Salmon Farms 

    Fourdain, Linda; Arechavala-Lopez, Pablo; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-20)
    Pollock Pollachius virens (also known as Saithe) modify their feeding habits when including in their diet uneaten feed pellets from salmon aquaculture sea cages. To determine the influence of salmon farms on Pollock, multivariate and univariate analyses were conducted on the trace element signatures from muscle and liver tissues. Sample fish were caught in the vicinity of salmon farms and in control ...
  • Discussing tourism during a crisis: resilient reactions and learning paths towards sustainable futures 

    Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-07)
    This study’s purpose is to conceptualise the relationship between resilience and sustainability from a learning perspective. It asks how a community’s first reactions to a crisis can indicate the possible future development of a destination’s sustainability, and examines the resilience properties of elasticity, hysteresis and malleability in relation to single- and multiple-loop learning. Empirically, ...
  • Sensemaking of causality in agent-based models 

    Antosz, Patrycja; Szczepanska, Timo; Bouman, Loes; J. Gareth, Polhill; Jager, Wander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-25)
    Even though agent-based modelling is seen as committing to a mechanistic, generative type of causation, the methodology allows for representing many other types of causal explanations. Agent-based models are capable of integrating diverse causal relationships into coherent causal mechanisms. They mirror the crucial, multi-level component of emergent phenomena and recognize the important role of ...
  • GAM on! Six ways to explore social complexity by combining games and agent-based models 

    Szczepanska, Timo; Antosz, Patrycja; Berndt, Jan Ole; Borit, Melania; Chattoe-Brown, Edmund; Mehryar, Sara; Meyer, Ruth; Onngo, Stephan; Verhagen, Harko (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-27)
    GAM, combining games and agent-based models, shows potential for investigating complex social phenomena. Games offer engaging environments generating insights into social dynamics, perceptions, and behaviours, while agent-based models support the analysis of complexity. Games and agent-based models share the important ability both to input and output qualitative and quantitative data. Currently, ...
  • Care-full academic activism for sustainable transformations in tourism 

    Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-02)
    The urgent need for radical changes towards sustainability provides an opportunity to reconsider the epistemology and methodology of tourism research. The present study discusses this opportunity by adopting the concept of deep leverage points for sustainable transformations and an ethic of care perspective. The discussion highlights the vital role that a deep form of reflexivity plays in care-based ...
  • Experimental evidence of antimicrobial activity in Antarctic seaweeds: ecological role and antibiotic potential 

    Martín-Martín, Rafael P.; Carcedo-Forés, Marta; Camacho-Bolós, Pablo; García-Aljaro, Cristina; Preckler, Carlos Angulo; Avila, Conxita; Lluch, Jordi Rull; Garreta, Amelia Gómez (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-25)
    Seaweeds contain a wide range of secondary metabolites which serve multiple functions, including chemical and ecological mediation with microorganisms. Moreover, owing to their diverse bioactivity, including their antibiotic properties, they show potential for human use. Nonetheless, the chemical ecology of seaweeds is not equally understood across different regions; for example, Antarctic seaweeds ...
  • Social identity and risky leisure activities: implications for welfare and policy 

    Mannberg, Andrea; Sjogren, Tomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-22)
    In this paper, we build on theories in psychology and economics and link positional preferences to private agents’ identification with a social group, and the social norms present in that group. The purpose of our paper is to analyze behavioral, welfare, and policy implications of a link between private agents´ social identity and a risky leisure activity. Our results suggest that, when the outcome ...
  • New distribution records of kelp in the Kitikmeot Region, Northwest Passage, Canada, fill a pan-Arctic gap 

    Bluhm, Bodil; Brown, Kristina; Rotermund, Lina; Williams, William; Danielsen, Seth; Carmack, Eddy C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-01)
    Kelps play important roles in ecosystems as they provide structural habitat and protection, and supply food. Given these beneficial roles and observed increases in seaweed biomass and distribution ranges across the Arctic, mapping kelp occurrence around Arctic coasts is both timely and necessary for future conservation. Here, we fill spatial gaps in the knowledge of kelp distribution in the southern ...
  • Verdsettelse av SpareBank 1 Nord-Norge 

    Borch, Maja Johanne Nilsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-01)
    Formålet med denne avhandlingen var å estimere den fundamentale verdien til SpareBank 1 Nord-Norge sine egenkapitalbevis per 31.12.2022. Banker er komplekse selskap å verdsette grunnet særegenheter som skiller de ut fra tradisjonelle foretak. En viktig del av denne avhandlingen var derfor å gjennomgå litteratur som omhandler verdsettelse av banker. Den fundamentale verdsettelsen ble gjennomført ...

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