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  • Infection and microbial molecular motifs modulate transcription of the interferon-inducible gene ifit5 in a teleost fish 

    Bela-Ong, Dennis; Greiner-Tollersrud, Linn; van der Wal, Yorick Andreas; Jensen, Ingvill; Seternes, Ole Morten; Jørgensen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-21)
    Interferon-induced proteins with tetratricopeptide repeats (IFITs) are involved in antiviral defense. Members of this protein family contain distinctive multiple structural motifs comprising tetratricopeptides that are tandemly arrayed or dispersed along the polypeptide. IFIT-encoding genes are upregulated by type I interferons (IFNs) and other stimuli. IFIT proteins inhibit virus replication by ...
  • Understanding and managing the interactions of impacts from nature-based recreation and climate change 

    Monz, Christopher; Gutzwiller, Kevin J.; Hausner, Vera Helene; Brunson, Mark W.; Buckley, Ralf; Pickering, Catherine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-04)
    Disturbance to ecosystems in parks and protected areas from nature-based tourism and recreation is increasing in scale and severity, as are the impacts of climate change—but there is limited research examining the degree to which these anthropogenic disturbances interact. In this perspective paper, we draw on the available literature to expose complex recreation and climate interactions that may ...
  • Acceptance of near-natural greenspace management relates to ecological and socio-cultural assigned values among European urbanites 

    Lampinen, Jussi; Tuomi, Maria; Bucharova, Anna; Cancellieri, Laura; Casado-Arzuaga, Izaskun; Deák, Balázs; Eriksson, Ove; Fernández de Manuel, Beatriz; Filibeck, Goffredo; Kowarik, Ingo; Pons, Xavier; Schröder, Roland; Sperandii, Marta Gaia; Valkó, Orsolya (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-31)
    Grasslands are widespread elements of urban greenspace providing recreational, psychological and aesthetic benefits to city residents. Two urban grassland types of contrasting management dominate urban greenspaces: frequently mown, species-poor short-cut lawns and less intensively managed, near-natural tall-grass meadows. The higher conservation value of tall-grass meadows makes management interventions ...
  • Verdifulle turismeopplevelser - verdi for hvem? 

    Vespestad, May Kristin; Hansen, Odd Birger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-02)
    Verdifulle opplevelser står sentralt i turismenæringen og har betydning både for bedrift og kunde. Denne artikkelen tar for seg hvordan verdi kan forstås fra både kunde- og bedriftsperspektiv. Studien sammenholder finansiell verdi og kundeverdi gjennom kvalitativ analyse av regnskaper og kundeomtaler for to reiselivsbedrifter med fokus på opplevelser. Analysen av kunders opplevde verdi, synliggjør ...
  • Discovery and Biosynthetic Investigation of a New Antibacterial Dehydrated Non‐Ribosomal Tripeptide 

    Wang, Shan; Fang, Qing; Lu, Zhou; Gao, Yingli; Trembleau, Laurent; Ebel, Rainer; Andersen, Jeanette Hammer; Philips, Carol; Law, Samantha; Deng, Hai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-27)
    Dehydroalanine (Dha) and dehydrobutyrine (Dhb) display considerable flexibility in a variety of chemical and biological reactions. Natural products containing Dha and/or Dhb residues are often found to display diverse biological activities. While the (Z) geometry is predominant in nature, only a handful of metabolites containing (E)‐Dhb have been found thus far. Here we report discovery of a new ...
  • Re-thinking sustainability and food in tourism 

    Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-22)
    Now is a good time to reflect on the way food tourism could contribute to a better future. A number of scholars comment on the COVID-19 crisis as an opportunity to re-think tourism in terms of sustainability, social and ecological justice (e.g. Gössling, Scott, & Hall, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020). Most considerations tend to focus on recovery strategies, challenges of over-tourism and highcarbon ...
  • 20 Years of Nordic tourism experience research: a review and future research agenda 

    Björk, Peter; Prebensen, Nina Katrine; Räikkönnen, Julia; Sundbo, Jon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-12)
    During the past decades, tourism experience research has become a topical theme among Nordic researchers and in international tourism literature. This review provides an overview of the main themes of Nordic experience research, addresses the antecedents of tourism experiences, namely tourists’ emotional and interest regimes, and tourism experience outcomes, namely the value of tourism. Furthermore, ...
  • Porosira glacialis as a possible source of lipids for human consumption and aquaculture feed 

    Dalheim, Lars (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-05-20)
    Det er et stort behov for marine langkjedede omega-3 fettsyrer både til humant konsum og til fiskefôr. De langkjedede omega-3 fettsyrene EPA og DHA har gunstige helseeffekter for både mennesker og fisk. Mengden villfanget fisk har de siste 40 årene nådd maksimal utnyttelse mens volumet av oppdrettsfisk har økt betraktelig. Mangelen på marint råstoff har ført til en økt andel terrestrisk råstoff i ...
  • Sustainable Business Models: A Systematic Review of Approaches and Challenges in Manufacturing 

    Agwu, Ukeje Jacob; Bessant, John Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-12)
    Objective: there is an ongoing need for businesses to strive to maintain ideals within environmental, economic, and social values — commonly known as the triple bottom line. Manufacturing as a sector has advanced drastically and the literature on sustainable business models in this sector has emerged. The purpose of this paper is to analyze sustainable business models in manufacturing and the ...
  • 20 Years of Nordic tourism economics research: a review and future research agenda 

    Falk, Martin; Tveteraas, Sigbjørn Landazuri; Xie, Jinghua (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-13)
    The number of economics-related articles in the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism (SJHT) has recently increased considerably. Despite this increase, the research efforts of Nordic economists on tourism issues have lagged behind in an international comparison. The recent increase in the number of economics-related publications in SJHT is due to better access to microdata (individual and ...
  • Shopping value, trust, and online shopping well-being: a duality approach 

    Nghia, Ho Trong; Olsen, Svein Ottar; Trang, Nguyen Thi Mai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-03)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Based on a duality approach, this study examines the path from utilitarian value via cognitive trust versus hedonic value via affective trust in online shopping well-being. This study also explores the moderating role of extraversion in the relationships between shopping value and trust.<p> <p><i>Design/methodology/approach</i> - A data set collected from 648 online consumers in ...
  • Haematology and clinical blood chemistry in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from the inner Danish waters 

    Siebert, Ursula; Blanchet, Marie-Anne; Teilmann, Jonas; Anderson Hansen, Kirstin; Kristensen, Jakob; Bunskoek, Paulien; Dietz, Rune; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Sonne, Christian; Desportes, Geneviève (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-07-13)
    Harbour porpoises (<i>Phocoena phocoena</i>) in the Baltic Sea are under increasing pressure from anthropogenic activities, which affect the overall health of populations. Individuals’ haematologic and biochemistry parameters are known to be linked to a population’s health status and are therefore useful tools for cross-population comparisons and to assess health patterns of a population through ...
  • Strong migratory connectivity across meta-populations of sympatric North Atlantic seabirds 

    Merkel, Benjamin; Descamps, Sebastien; Yoccoz, Nigel; Grémillet, David; Fauchald, Per; Danielsen, Jóhannis; Daunt, Francis; Erikstad, Kjell E.; Ezhov, Aleksey V.; Harris, Mike P.; Gavrilo, Maria; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Thórarinsson, Thorkell Lindberg; Wanless, Sarah; Strøm, Hallvard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-04)
    Identifying drivers of population trends in migratory species is difficult, as they can face many stressors while moving through different areas and environments during the annual cycle. To understand the potential of migrants to adjust to perturbations, it is critical to study the connection of different areas used by different populations during the annual cycle (i.e. migratory connectivity). ...
  • Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra 

    Tuomi, Maria; Väisänen, Maria; Ylänne, H; Brearley, Francis Q.; Barrio, Isabel C.; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Eischeid, Isabell; Forbes, Bruce C.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Kolstad, Anders Lorentzen; Macek, Petr; Petit Bon, Matteo; Speed, James David Mervyn; Stark, Sari; Svavarsdóttir, Kristin; Thorsson, Johann; Bueno, C. Guillermo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-24)
    <ol> <li>Ungulate trampling modifies soils and interlinked ecosystem functions across biomes. Until today, most research has focused on temperate ecosystems and mineral soils while trampling effects on cold and organic matter‐rich tundra soils remain largely unknown.</li><p> <p><li>We aimed to develop a general model of trampling effects on soil structure, biota, microclimate and biogeochemical ...
  • Implications of increasing Atlantic influence for Arctic microbial community structure 

    Carter-Gates, Michael; Balestreri, Cecilia; Thorpe, Sally E.; Cottier, Finlo Robert; Baylay, Alison; Bibby, Thomas S.; Moore, C. Mark; Schroeder, Declan C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-06)
    Increasing influence of Atlantic water in the Arctic Ocean has the potential to significantly impact regional water temperature and salinity. Here we use a rDNA barcoding approach to reveal how microbial communities are partitioned into distinct assemblages across a gradient of Atlantic-Polar Water influence in the Norwegian Sea. Data suggest that temperate adapted bacteria may replace cold water ...
  • Administration of watermelon rind powder to Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) culture under biofloc system: Effect on growth performance, innate immune response, and disease resistance 

    Doan, Hien Van; Lumsangkul, Chompunut; Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein; Hung, Tran Quang; Stejskal, Vlastimil; Ringø, Einar; Dawood, Mahmoud A.O.; Esteban, Maria Ángeles (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-07)
    An eight-week experiment was performed to assess the effectiveness of watermelon rind powder (WMRP) on growth efficiency, immunity, and disease resistance of Nile tilapia, <i>O. niloticus</i>. Three hundred fish (17.14 ± 0.12 g) were fed five diets; 0 (Diet 1- control), 20 g kg<sup>−1</sup> WMRP (Diet 2), 40 g kg<sup>−1</sup> WMRP (Diet 3), 80 g kg<sup>−1</sup> WMRP (Diet 4), and 160 g kg<sup>−1</sup> ...
  • Comparison of functional diversity of two alaskan arctic shelf epibenthic communities 

    Sutton, Lauren; Iken, Katrin; Bluhm, Bodil; Mueter, Franz J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
    Alaskan Arctic shelf communities are currently experiencing dramatic changes that will likely affect ecosystem functioning of Arctic marine benthic communities. Here, functional diversity based on biological traits was used to assess differences and similarities in ecosystem functioning between 2 shelf systems that are geographically close but vary in many environmental influences: the Arctic Beaufort ...
  • Pathogen surveillance in Southern Ocean pinnipeds 

    Núñez-Egido, Sandra; Lowther, Andrew; Nymo, Ingebørg H.; Klein, Jörn; Breines, Eva Marie; Tryland, Morten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-17)
    Knowledge of the health status and potential effect of disease outbreaks among Southern Ocean fauna may be decisive for its conservation. We assessed the exposure and infection of Antarctic fur seals (<i>Arctocephalus gazella</i>, AFS) and Southern elephant seals (<i>Mirounga leonine</i>, SES) to parapoxvirus, <i>Phocid alphaherpesvirus-1</i> (PhHV-1), smooth <i>Brucella</i> spp. and <i>Toxoplasma ...
  • Thee level of eicosapentaenoic (EPA),but not docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is related to formulation and concentration of EPA and DHA in feed 

    Seternes, Tore; Johansson, Gunhild S.; Evje, Iselin; Olsen, Ragnar Ludvig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-22)
    The present study investigated how the concentration of PUFA in blood and muscle of Atlantic salmon (<i>Salmo salar</i> L.) changed when fed 4 diets containing very different amounts of LC-PUFA in fresh water for 84 days. The n-3 LC-PUFA constituted 4.4, 24.2, 18.4, and 51.5% of the total fatty acids in the diets made with rapeseed oil, anchoveta oil, a combination of rapeseed oil (60%) and anchoveta ...
  • Seasonal dietary shifts enhance parasite transmission to lake salmonids during ice cover 

    Prati, Sebastian; Henriksen, Eirik Haugstvedt; Knudsen, Rune; Amundsen, Per-Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-08)
    Changes in abiotic and biotic factors between seasons in subarctic lake systems are often profound, potentially affecting the community structure and population dynamics of parasites over the annual cycle. However, few winter studies exist and interactions between fish hosts and their parasites are typically confined to snapshot studies restricted to the summer season whereas host‐parasite dynamics ...

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